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《大富翁》桌游的奇妙起源

The Real Story Behind Monopoly

《大富翁》桌游设计背后的故事
The design of this board game started in 1904
这款桌游是1904年开始设计的
with a woman named Elizabeth Magie.
设计者是一位名叫伊丽莎白•玛姬的女士
She was a fan of a book called “Progress and Poverty”
她非常喜欢《进步与贫困》这部书
by economist Henry George.
此书作者是经济学家亨利•乔治
In it he argued that
他在书中认为
renting out land only profited a few individuals
出租土地牺牲了整个社会的利益
at the expense of the community.
却只是让个别群体从中获得了好处
To teach people about George’s theories,
为了向人们讲授乔治的理论
Lizzie Magie created a game
莉兹•玛姬设计了一个游戏
with 2 sets of rules.
游戏规则有2个
In one, players all shared money
第一个是当有人购买土地时
when someone purchased a piece of land.
所有玩家都会分享到这笔资金
And in the other everyone tried to get as rich as possible
第二个是尽可能让自己变得有钱
while bankrupting others.
而同时迫使对手倾家荡产
This way she hoped people would see
她借此希望人们能够看到
how unfair land-grabbing was.
掠夺土地是多么不公平
The Landlord’s Game as it was known,
这个游戏被称为《大地主游戏》
became popular, particularly among Quakers.
尤其在贵格会教徒中深受欢迎
With each person drawing
人们一个一个都
the board by hand on to tablecloths or fabric
在桌布或织物上手绘游戏棋盘
and modifying the rules.
调整游戏规则
One of those people was Charles Darrow.
其中包括了 查尔斯•达罗
He would only use the rules which were cutthroat
他只选用了“迫使对手破产”的那条游戏规则
and made a version of the board in the shape of his dining table
并把游戏棋盘改成了他餐桌的形状
He also took street names from Atlantic City
另外 他选用大西洋城的街道名称
grouping them by color and adding small illustrations
将它们按颜色分组 配上小插画
to create the board we know today
形成了如今我们熟悉的游戏棋盘
When Parker Brothers bought the rights to Monopoly from Darrow in 1935
1935年 帕克兄弟在达罗手中买下《大富翁》版权后
they soon added a portly mascot
就立马添上了一个胖胖的吉祥物
with a top hat and cane
它头戴礼帽 手拿拐杖
rumoured to be modelled on wealthy banker J.P. Morgan.
传闻其原型是 富有的银行家约翰·皮尔庞特·摩根
They also distributed every set
另外 他们经销的每套《大富翁》
with metal tokens
都配有金属棋子
inspired by the trinkets Darrow had used from his niece’s charm bracelet.
其灵感源于达罗使用过的侄女手链上的小吊饰
Within a year of the release,
在刚上市的一年中
35,000 copies of Monopoly were being made each week.
《大富翁》每周发售量高达35000份
Now more than 1 billion people
目前玩过《大富翁》的玩家
in 114 countries have played the game.
覆盖了114个国家 人数超过了10亿
Classic and familiar, this is the design
《大富翁》的设计既经典又令人熟悉
that set out to make us work together
开始是为了让人们能聚在一起互动
but has been dividing families ever since.
但从那以后 却也让家庭分歧不断

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该视频讲述了《大富翁》游戏的奇妙起源

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kQzHaJiuDbg

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