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构建好一个世界的重要性——《公主新娘》为例 – 译学馆
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构建好一个世界的重要性——《公主新娘》为例

The Princess Bride - The Importance of Good Worldbuilding

有很多方面的原因都足以让《公主新娘》成为一部好电影
There are a lot of aspects that make the Princess Bride a good movie.
剧本 故事结构
The writing, story structure –
人物塑造 荒诞性 只要你能说得出来的方面
– characters, the absurdity – you name it,
但我最喜欢的地方
but my favorite aspect of this
还是它的趣味性
movie is how much fun it is.
-“别再搞什么押韵了 我是认真的!”
-“No more rhymes now, I mean it!”
-“有人想要花生么?”-“啊啊啊啊啊啊”
-“Anybody want a peanut?”-“AAAAUGH!”
这是我会反复观看的电影之一
It’s one of those movies that I can
但无论我看多少遍
watch time and time again, but no matter
我都会享受如初
how many times I see it,
就算不比上次获得愉悦要多
I always enjoy it just as much,
但也绝对不少
if not more than I did last time.
“不可思议!”
“Inconceivable!”
在很大程度上 这可以归功于良好的世界构建
In large part, this boils down into good world-building –
导演罗布·赖纳和威廉·高曼(他是原著作者和改编编剧)
Director Rob Reiner, along with William Goldman (who wrote the screenplay, as well as the book on which it is based)
他们都做了很多工作让这部电影既吸引人 观看时又令人愉悦
both do a lot to make the film inviting and enjoyable to watch.
首先也是最重要的是 这部电影慢慢地自然而然地把我们带入他们所营造的世界
First and foremost, the film slowly eases us into the world.
在过渡到书中的情节之前 电影从芝加哥开始讲述
The film starts out in Chicago, before transitioning into the book.
在这个世界里 电影还在缓缓地将我们引入这个奇幻之旅中
But this slow introduction to the fantasy continues in the world.
它一开始给人的感觉只像是中世纪的风格
It first starts out and seems medieval more than anything else. However,
但随着故事的进展 神奇的事悄悄发生了
as the story moves forward, magic starts to creep in –
情节过渡很流畅 给人感觉很自然
making the transition fluid and just feeling natural.
“这是一种神奇的药?”
“That’s a miracle pill?”
但这只是其中的一部分
But that’s just part of it.
让电影如此鲜活的原因
So much about what makes this film feel
是一直给我们灌输的故事背景
so alive is the backstory that we’re only hinted at.
就像恐怖的海盗罗伯茨
Be it the Dread Pirate Roberts,
佛罗里达和吉尔达之间混乱的关系
the tumultuous relationship between Florida and Gilda,
或者是维兹尼的历史这些已足够激起我们的兴趣
or the history of Vizzini, we’re told enough to pique
却不足以使我们窥探到
our interest, but not enough to know the full scope of
这个世界的全貌以及这里发生的所有故事
the world and all these stories that are within it.
这使得我们想要了解更多
It makes us want to know more, and each of
这里包含的每个故事都可以拍成一部独立的电影
these stories could be movies in and of themselves, but
但它们却汇成了一部更精彩的电影
instead they’re just pieces in a greater story.
在拍摄电影时 赖纳用了相似的策略
Reiner employed a similar tactic when it came to shooting the film.
他运用了一种十分动态的镜头 想要展示
He used a very dynamic camera and liked to show
整个环境在某种程度上使得
off the entire setting, which in some ways makes
不那么像拍电影 反而更自然
it feel less cinematic and more natural.
因为他在英格兰周围和爱尔兰取景
This was made possible because he shot the film
使得这种效果得以实现
on location around England and in Ireland for this scene…
几乎所有的背景都是历史古迹或专门为拍摄而制造出来的场地
Almost all these sets were historical sites or locations created for shooting.
没有是在露天片场或摄影棚里拍摄的
Nothing was shot on a back lot or on a soundstage.
一切都是可触的 真实存在的
Everything is tangible and real.
我今天最后想要探讨的关于世界构建的方面是 已知和未知
The final aspect of world-building that I want to discuss today is the”known unknown”
而这大多来源于剧本
and this mostly comes from the writing.
《公主新娘》无疑是一部原创电影
It would be hard to argue that the Princess Bride is an original film.
高曼从神话故事和民间传说
Goldman pulled inspiration from fairy tales, folklore,
以及黄金时代的好莱坞电影中获得灵感
Golden Age Hollywood cinema —
但这同时也是对这些元素的一种后现代拆解
but it’s also a postmodern deconstruction of all these elements,
并且带有出众的喜剧性转折
with a comedic twist on top.
这是一部讲述多个故事的电影
It’s a story about stories,
还有 我们做为一个社会 怎样被这些故事所影响
and how we as a society are shaped by stories,
而有了这些想法
yet the entire time,
整部电影中 在故事背后充当叙述者也变得十分有趣
it remains fun and interesting with these ideas taking a backseat to the narrative.
因为这个原因 这部电影和每个人都能建立联系
For this reason, the film connects with everybody.
我们都听过相似的故事
We’ve all heard stories that are similar.
我们的潜意识和对故事叙述的了解帮助我们
Our own subconscious and knowledge of storytelling helps add to the world
构建我们所正在观看的电影世界 并将一切串联起来
that we are watching and weave everything together.
“是谁杀了胡姆普丁克王子?到底是谁?肯定是什么人干的!是埃尼戈吗?谁?”
“Who kills Prince Humperdinck? At the end? Somebody’s gotta do it! Is it Indigo? Who?!”
赖纳和高曼能够将这些因素很好地结合起来
Reiner and Goldman were able to combine all these elements
并且用这部构建的世界增加了故事的叙述性
and use its world building to help enhance the narrative
制作出了一部真正有趣的电影
and make a movie that is truly fun.
“再见 孩子们”“好好地在城堡里放肆玩乐吧!”
“Bye bye, boys!””Have fun storming the castle!”
“这能有用吗?”“除非有奇迹……”
“Think it’ll work?””It would take a miracle…”
“再见”
“Bye!”
嘿 大家 我希望你们能喜欢
Hey everyone, I hope you enjoyed — I
我一直很喜欢《公主新娘》这部电影
‘ve always loved the Princess Bride and I’m
我也很开心我终于能在这和你们探讨这部电影
glad I could finally discuss it here.
如果你感兴趣的话
If you’re interested,
记得要去了解一下有关这部电影所用技巧的分析
be sure to read a little bit about the film’s tricky production.
这部电影本身就是不错的故事
It’s a great story in and of itself,
有六个不同的导演签约在不同的时间导演这部戏
with a half-dozen different directors signed on to direct at
其中包括弗朗索瓦·特吕弗和罗伯特·雷德福
different points – including Francois Truffaut and Robert Redford.
如果你是我们的新观众 别忘了点击下方的订阅按钮
If you’re new here make sure you hit that subscribe button.
每周六都会有新视频更新
There’s a new video going up every Saturday.
在新视频发布前 我会贴上我上条视频的链接
Until then, I put a link to my last video
是对《双峰》的赏析 有兴趣的话 点进去看看吧
on Twin Peaks so check that out if you’re interested,
我们下周再见
and I will see you next week.
感谢观看
Thanks for watching!

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《公主新娘》能成为一部百看不厌的好电影 到底是因为什么呢?|世界观

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