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电影《人类清除计划》的哲学 – 译学馆
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电影《人类清除计划》的哲学

The Philosophy of THE PURGE (with Rick & Morty!) – Wisecrack Edition

Rick:哦!我知道这是什么
Rick: “OH! I know what this is.”
你可以维护世界和平
“You’ve been able to sustain world peace because”
因为你一年有一晚
“you have one night a year”
可以到处烧杀强奸
“where you all run around robbing and murdering each other”
而无任何后果
“without consequence.”
Alien Hick:对啊
Alien Hick: “That’s right!”
Morty:什么
Morty: “What!”
Rick:就像《人类清除计划》那样 Morty
Rick: “It’s like The Purge, Morty!”
嘿 俏皮话 我是Jared
Hey Wisecrack! Jared here.
今天我们讲的是
And today we’re talking about
美国未来最受欢迎的消遣
future America’s favorite pastime
人类清除
Purging
第一眼看上去 《人类清除计划》就像典型的恐怖片
At first glance, the Purge seems like your typical horror film.
一个很好的概念
A decent concept
12小时内 任何犯罪 皆为合法
“Any and all crime will be legal for 12 continuous hours.”
问题大的演技
Questionable acting.
*问题大地演绎*
*questionably acts*
加上所有暴力屠杀的场面你都可以质问
and all the violent carnage you can ask for.
但是《人类清除计划》中最恐怖的不是
But perhaps the scariest thing about the Purge isn’t
那些诡异的面具
the creepy masks
和坏牙的强奸犯
and rapist with bad teeth
而是强调了不人道政策下的社会现状
but the way it highlights the dehumanizing policies of our current social landscape.
仔细一看
With a closer look
《人类清除计划》可以认为是对社会政治的批评
The Purge can be considered a commentary on our sociopolitical existence.
一个戴着薄薄面纱的寓言 关于美国腐败的政策
A thinely veiled allegory for America’s corrupt politics
受幕后操作的经济系统
rigged economic systems
还有暴力文化
and culture of violence.
欢迎来到本期俏皮话版本
Welcome to this Wisecrack Edition on
《人类清除计划》的哲学
The Philosophy of The Purge
Summer:像电影《人类清除计划》那样?
Summer: “Like the movie, ‘The Purge’?”
Rick:对 我要你带sh~
Rick: “Yes, I..I need you to take th~”
Summer:那电影扯淡
Summer: “That movie sucked.
Rick:我的老天爷!等等
Rick: “Oh my God! Hold on.”
《人类清除计划》不完全像其它节日庆典
The Purge isn’t entirely unlike other ritualistic festivals
狂欢节
like Mardi Gras
嘉年华
Carnival
或者甚至万圣节
Or even Halloween
《人类清除计划》有更多的杀戮抢劫
Sure The Purge is more murder and theft
甚少有跳舞盛宴,来迎接大斋期
and less dancing and feasting before Lent
但是它们本质上是同个概念
but they’re essentially the same concept.
择日打破常规
Designated times where people can violate social norms.
人类清除计划是成年人的万圣节
“The Purge is Halloween for adults!”
这种行为看上去像是
It may seem like these events are a way to
破坏法律和宗教对人的力量
undermine the power law and religion have over people.
但是 这正正相反
But it’s actually the opposite.
它们重申这些社会结构
They reaffirm these social structures.
NFFA
The “NFFA”
或者称为支持这个祭典的领导
or the leaders that sanction the ritual
没有真正地被清除计划挑战
aren’t actually challenged by The Purge.
相反
On the contrary
这一夜的混乱让人们渴望第二天法律的回归
the chaos of the night leaves people longing for the return of law the next day.
就像一宿“人类清除的宿醉”
It’s kinda like a “Purge hangover”.
就像嘉年华这样一个节日
If a ritual like carnival exists to make people
让人接受基督教的教徒
Accept the tenants of Christianity
人类清除计划的存在使人
The Purge exists to make the people
接受当前的社会意识形态
accept the tenants of the ruling social ideology
这种社会秩序可以很好地用一个词概括
This societal order can best be described in one word:
新自由主义
Neoliberalism
执政领导:致今年又一个成功的庆典
Ruling leader: “To another successful year of the festival.”
“穷人互相斗争千千万万年!”
“Pitting poor people against each other for thousands of years!”
*傲慢的鼓掌*
*arrogant applause*
清除政策
The politics of disposability
新自由主义的基本内容是
The basic idea of neoliberalism is that
政府应该拧开限制市场的螺母
the government should hop off the market nuts
实施有助
and only craft policies that promote
商品自由流通和保护企业资产的政策
the free flow of goods and protect corporate interest.
每部电影反映新自由主义经济的不同方面
Each movie reflects a different facet of the neoliberal economy.
《人类清除计划》中的角色设定
The way characters deal with The Purge
突出他们所在经济阶级的状况
brings to focus the conditions of their respective economic class.
最初《人类清除计划》是关于这个节日对
The original Purge is about the impact of the event
一个住在郊区上层中产阶级家庭的影响
on an upper middle class suburban family.
Sandin一家有“郊区”问题
The Sandin’s have ” ‘burb ” problems:
一个可疑的流浪汉
A sketchy looking homeless guy
潜入他们的独立小区
infiltrates their gated community
邻居比不上他们阔气
Their neighbors can’t keep up with the Joneses
所以因妒忌杀害他们
so they try to kill them out jealousy
Grace:你们家比我们赚多那么多钱
Grace: “You made so much money off of us”
然后在我们面前显摆
“and then you just stuck it in our faces.”
他们的女儿跟一个年纪比她大的哥们搞上了
Their daughter is hooking up with an older dude
那哥们还想杀了爸爸Sandin
that tries to kill daddy Sandin
还有他们的儿子地狱般诡异
and their son is creepy as hell.
《人类清除计划2:无政府状态》集中于
The Purge: Anarchy focuses on the economic problems
工人阶级家庭的经济问题
of a working class family:
Eva Sanchez不能维持生计
Eva Sanchez can barely make ends meet
付不起他爸的医药费
can’t afford medicine for her father
非常想要提高工资
and desperately needs a raise
Tanya:你今晚真的会帮我问她吗
Tanya: “You’re really gonna ask her tonight?”
Eva:我一定要……我快供不起他的药费了
Eva: “I have to…I can’t afford his medicine much longer.”
贫民区全是肃清军队
The inner city is full of Purge traps
帮派开着小吃车四处游荡
Gangs roaming around in taco trucks
越野摩托车党到处绑架
dirt bikers kidnapping people
各个公寓进行着
every apartment shown involves either:
不是强奸就是暴力
attempted rape or domestic violence
政府官员逮捕了18货车人
government officials round people up in 18 wheelers
人们被诱拐作为
and people are abducted for some sort of remake
Running Man的重制版
of the Running Man.
你懂的 周二的底特律*根据川普的说法*
Y’know. Detroit on a Tuesday. *according to Donald Trump*
若比较头两部电影的设定
If you compare the settings of the first two films
他们可以被理解为白人群飞现象的暗喻
they can be understood as a metaphor for white flight.
上层的白人从城市搬离
The retreat of upper class white folks from the cities
去到无贫困的郊区
to the sheltered poverty-free suburbs.
这种遗弃导致留着贫困区的居民
This abandonment exposes those left in the inner city
面对着不成比例的
to disproportionate amounts of:
犯罪 无家可归 和贫困
crime, homelessness, and poverty
或者像影片中的情况
or in the case of the films
人类清除
Purging.
Liz:我们在市区!
Liz: “We’re downtown!”
所有人都来市区清除,Shane!Shane:嘿 嘿~
“Everyone comes downtown to purge, Shane!” Shane: “heeey, heey~”
对于Sandin一家,要去处理
For the Sandin’s, the idea that they even have to
穷人的暴行
deal with violence against the poor
是不可能接受的 因为
is unacceptable, because…
James:像这种事情在我们周边不可能发生
James: “Things like this are not suppose to happen in our neighborhood.”
《人类清除计划3:大选之年》是关于
The Purge: Election Year is about
小老板在杀戮日日的遭遇
the consequences of holiday on small business owners.
Joe发现自己的杀戮日的保险无故
Joe finds out that the premiums for his Purge insurance are going up
加费
for no reason.
Joe:为什么现在升我保险费?
Joe: “Why you raisin’ my rates now?”
”在今天 你知道今天是什么日子吗?“
“do y’ Today~ Do you know what today is!?”
这很普遍
Something common when there are no
没有政府监管保险公司
government checks to stop insurance companies from
做这样的事
“doin’ you like that.”
Joe:”他们刚刚提高了我杀戮日的保险费“
Joe: “They just raised the premium on my Purge coverage.”
”几千块“
“By thousands!”
“就在这尼玛的杀戮日的前一天”
“The day before the damn Purge.”
“如果到明天还不给钱,这家店就没有杀戮日的保险”
“If I don’t pay it by tomorrow, I have no Purge coverage for this store.”
Marcos:“他们不能这样做”
Marcos: “They can’t do that.”
Joe:“喝 他们真的这样做了”
Joe: “Yeah, well they just did it.”
整体来说 这些例子不仅仅是
Taken as a whole, these examples not only
说明了杀戮日的不公正
illustrate the injustices of The Purge
而且还说明了经济系统的大致情况
but of our economic system in general.
James:“孩子 我知道今晚会出事”
James: ” ‘kay kids. Now I know bad things do happen tonight.”
“但我们会保护好你们的”
“But we can afford protection.”
“不会有事的,像平常一样就好”
“So we’ll be fine, just like always.”
那些在新自由主义下成功的人
People who prosper under neoliberalism
从人类清除计划中获取利益
benefit from The Purge.
那些在新自由主义炸了的人
And those who get fucked by neoliberalism
在杀戮日也炸了
also get fucked by The purge.
中上阶层大部分都在杀戮夜获利
The upper middle class largely profits from murder night
Sandin一家华丽的房屋翻修
The Sandin’s gaudy home remodel
用的钱就是卖安全家居系统所得
is paid for by security home systems
卖给那些恐惧
sold to people based on the Fear
杀戮日的人
manifested by The Purge.
Grace:“你知道你老公卖一款新的安全系统”
Grace: “You know your husband sold a new security system”
“给几乎这个社区所的有家庭”
“to almost every home in this community.”
但是工人阶级
But the working class…
就没那么多了
not so much.
由于EVA Sanchez的老板不会涨她的工资
Since Eva Sanchez’s boss won’t give her a raise
他们只能用几块
they can only protect themselves with a
薄薄的2×4木板保护自己
couple flimsy 2x4s.
Joe付不起杀戮日保险
Now that Joe can’t afford Purge insurance
Joe:我一定要靠自己保护这店
Joe: “I just have to protect this place myself.”
他必须要在杀戮夜守着他的熟食店
He has to spend Purge night guarding his deli
帮他的只有比冒牌货好点的卷闸
with little more than a shoddy rolling steel door.
最终因这门丢了性命
And eventually loses his life because of it.
换句话说
Put another way
人类清除计划3揭露了新自由主义经济怎样
The Purge exposes how neolibral economics
孕育出清除政策
breeds a politics of disposability.
思想家Henry Giroux和Brad Evans
Something explained by thinkers
解释过
Henry Giroux and Brad Evans
一开始制定人类清除计划
In the original Purge
的郊区居民认为其他人都是多余的
suburbanites view entire groups of people as superfluous.
要处理掉
Disposable
这是为什么那可恶的陌生人被指作
It’s the reason the bloody stranger is referred to as
“卑贱”和“肮脏”
“swine” and “filth”
有礼貌的陌生人来搞事
by his foil, the “polite stranger”
“先生女士,你们收容的人只是个肮脏无家可归的猪”
“Mister and Misses, the man you’re shelter is nothing but a dirty, homeless, pig.”
这就是James Sandin怎么说致残
It’s how James Sandin justifies incapacitating
和折磨他的客人是有理的
and torturing his house guest.
那人只是保护我家人的手段
He is merely a means to saving his family.
直到那个可恶的陌生人
It isn’t until the bloody stranger
自愿交他自己出去
volunteers to give himself up
这使James一家肯定了他不是个禽兽般的人
that James Finally sees him as fully human
决定不把他交给那帮怪人
and decides not to turn him over to the freaks.
在《人类清除计划3》中,不受限制的药价
In The Purge: Anarchy, the unchecked price of medication
迫使Sanchez爷爷把自己的性命“卖”给富人
forces Papa Sanchez to “sell” his life to the rich
从而他的家人可以从拮据中缓口气
so his family can be eased of economic hardship.
Sanchez爷爷:有10万美元转到你们的账号
Papa Sanchez: “one hundred thousand dollars will be transferred into your accounts,”
“我亲爱的”
“my darlings.”
作为一个可支配物品
As a disposable object
他生命的价值对于他的家人比
his life is more valuable to his family
作为一个真实的人更高
than as an actual person.
Eva:这就是有钱人怎么清除,北鼻
Eva: “It’s how the wealthy Purge, baby.”
“他们买穷困和生病的人”
“They buy poor and sick people”
“把他们带回家”
“and they take them in their homes”
“然后在家安全地杀了他们”
“and they kill them where they’re safe.”
或者Rick和Morty说得好
Or perhaps Rick and Morty say it best:
Rick:“这女孩是你其中一个穷人”
Rick: “This girl is one of your poor people”
“我想你们觉得把她屈服”
“and I guess you guys felt like it was okay to subject her”
“到惨无人道的状况没什么问题 因为”
“to inhuman conditions because there was”
“这没有机会可以伤害你”
“no chance of it ever hurting you.”
像是一个社会政策在说
“It’s sorta the sociopolitical equivalent of say~”
一件强力的护具保护着你们
“a ‘suit of power armor’ around you.”
但现在事情平衡得如此…
“But now things are even out sooo…
Arthricia?
“… Arthricia?”
“现世报”
*pay back’s a bitch*
Giroux和Evans认为人是可以处理掉的
Giroux and Evans argue that people become disposable
当一个经济系统的特征是
under an economic system that is characterized by
私有化
privatization of things like:
医疗保健
Healthcare
银行取消管制
the deregulation of banks
和政府保障的削弱 如
and the erosion of government safety nets like
社会安全和福利
social security and welfare
Dante:在过去20年
Dante: “For the past twenty years”
NFFA组织已经将谋杀合法 目的减少贫困人口
“the NFFA has taken to legalize murder to decrease the poor population”
从而使政府的开支降低
“which in turn keeps the government’s spending down.”
越来越少福利
“Less welfare”
越来越少医疗
“less healthcare”
越来越少房屋
“less housing.”
如果杀戮日以如此恐怖的政策
If The Purge stands as a one night reference point
作为参考依据
for the terrors of such policies
那么减少医疗和警察
then shutting down medical and police services
就有理可循
makes sense.
因为政府政策没有比这更松懈的
‘Cause government policy can’t possibly be more lax than that.
所有这些都因经济增长而正当
All of this is justified under the banner of economic growth
Cali:他们减少人口
Cali: “They’re keeping the population down by getting”
通过清除像我们这样的人 来省钱
“rid of people like us, to save money.”
老迈体弱
The elderly infirmed poor
还有所谓的“无贡献者”
and so-called “non-contributors”
都牺牲掉 那么经济就可以无阻拦地增长
are sacrificed so that the economy can grow unhindered.
Dante:这些是杀戮日的真正受害者
Dante: “These are the real victims of The Purge.”
NFFA想消除的人
“People that the NFFA are trying to eliminate”
那之后政府就不用照顾他们了
“so that they don’t have to take care of them anymore.”
这种人口清减
This elimination of the population is
实际上相当于真实的新自由主义经济:
actually paralleled in the real neoliberal economy:
买不起肾上腺素笔的人
people unable to afford Epipens
只能吃泡面的人
people stuck eating ramen
20年都吃便宜菜的人
and the dollar menu for 20 years
或者要喝不干净饮用水
or people exposed to contaminated drinking water
被煤炭工厂和
pollution from coal factory plants
核废料污染
and nuclear waste.
新自由主义让同样的人口慢性死亡
Neoliberalism exposes those same populations to slow death.
而不是真正地去杀戮他们
Instead of actively Purging them
就是让他们死
it just sorta lets them die.
《人类清除计划》的正当理由
This justification for The Purge
不是根据新的奇妙经济构想
isn’t based some new fancy economic idea.
这可以追寻至1798年
It goes all the way back to 1798
一本书名字叫
in a book titled
“论人口原则”
“Essay on the Principle of Population”
作者是Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus (通常说的Reverend Run)
by Reverend Thomas Robert Malthus (a.k.a Reverend Run)
Mathus认为因为产品会
Malthus argued that because production would be
无法满足不断增长的人口
unable to keep up with demand
而产生巨大的粮食短缺
a growing population would create massive food shotages
他的解决办法:
his solution:
使用维持低出生率
Employ laws that keep birth rates low
和高死亡率的法律
and death rates high
还有饥荒 疾病 还有战争
Things like famine, disease, and wars.
Big Daddy:可惜市民杀得不够多
Big Daddy: “Unfortunately the citizens aren’t killing enough.”
所以我们加够它  来维持平衡
“So we supplement it all…to keep things balanced.”
这话出现在《人类清除计划3》
This is echoed in The Purge: Election Year
NFFA的首脑 Caleb Warrens 说的
by Caleb Warrens, head of the NFFA:
“理想主义的猪”
“Idealistic pigs!”
“他们想要不可能的”
“They want the impossible.”
“人人都有”
“Everyone to HAVE.”
“有点人不能有”
“SOME cannot have.”
“不够人人都有”
“NOT enough to go around.”
但是这逻辑站得住吗?
But does this logic hold up?
对于恩格斯
For Friedrich Engels
所在的嘻哈双人组合
of the hip-hop duo
“共产胡子反抗”
“commie much beard”
Malthus完全错了
Malthus had it all wrong.
问题不增加人口
The issue isn’t increasing population
这是个不赋予工人价值的经济系统
it’s an economic system that doesn’t value workers.
Mathus把经济至于人之上
Malthus was putting economics above people.
恩格斯本质上认为Malthus的模型
Essentially Engels argued that Malthus’ model
只不过是除去穷人的借口
was nothing more than an excuse to be a dick to poor people.
随着过火的杀戮庆典
With their over the top Purge ceremonies
NFFA明显地在他们脑子里不仅只有
the NFFA clearly have more than economic concerns
经济方面的考虑
on the mind.
他们把“清除穷人”
They take “being a dick to poor people”
作为更高的层次
to the next level.
“啊~~~”
“AAAAAHHH!!”
“出生!”
“BORN!”
“再来”
“AGAIN!!”
新自由主义政策在理论上挺费解的
Neoliberal policies are confusing in the abstract.
你要知道一堆经济理论和政治术语
There’s a bunch of economic theory and political jargon you’re suppose to know.
但是《人类清除计划》的高明之处在于
But the genius of The Purge is the way that it uses
它用“杀戮夜”血淋淋地揭露
“murder night” to viscerally expose
这种经济怎样通过掠夺行为
how this kind of economy generates profit
制造利益
in a predatory manner.
Carmelo:利益不是民主的本质
Carmelo: “Profit making is not the essence of democracy.”
“醒醒啊 人民”
“Wake up people.”
醒醒
“Wake up!”
富人有特权从某些行业赚钱:
The privilege make money hand over fist on:
武器贩卖
weapon sales
保险
insurance
私人保镖
private body guards
和家庭安全系统
and home security systems
而穷人只好为生存挣扎
while the poor have to fight to simply survive.
结论
Conclusion
《人类清除计划》系列可能是呈现一个机会
The Purge movies may present an opportunity
去窥探离我们不远的反乌托邦
to peek into a not-so-distant dystopia
除了大部分主要角色
Except most of the main characters
不是很享受杀戮
don’t enjoy Purging much
Rick和Morty小剧场关于杀戮日
The Rick and Morty episode about Purging
给了一个有趣的对应观点
provides an interesting counterpoint.
Rick对残忍的暴力病态地享受其中
Rick’s sick enjoyment of the brutal violence
讲了更多关于观众方面的问题
says more about audience than the films.
Rick:网上有段视频 关于有人被致残了 你点进去看吗?
Rick: “If there’s a video online with someone getting decapitated, you don’t click on it?
Morty:不会,我为~为什么要看啊?
Morty: “No! Wh~Why would I do that?
“你会看?”
“You do that?”
Rick:我不看 因为我会被闷到
Rick: “I don’t. Because it would bore me.”
我看这些当早饭 Morty
“I see sh*t like that for breakfast, Morty.”
观看其中一部《人类清除计划》
Sitting in front of any of The Purge movies
让我们与Rick感同身受
puts us in Rick’s position.
“我的天 这很厉害”
“Oh my god! This is f*cking awesome!”
“Morty 真的很酷”
“Morty! This is really cool!”
很可能现实是我们就是杀人团团员
Perhaps the reality is we’re the murder tourist.
看每部续集
Perusing through each sequel
兴奋地等待 激动地看看有哪些震惊新鲜的
excitingly waiting for a titillating peek at something shocking and new.
另外:
After all:
有人真的记得这系列的某个角色吗?
Does anybody actually remember any of the characters of these movies?
Liz:我们甚至连你什么名都不知道
Liz: “We don’t even know your names.”
我们还会看这系列的续集
Do we all go see the next Purge movie
仅仅因为我们等不及要看
because we can’t wait to see what happens next
下个创立人会发生什么?
with the new founding fathers?
或者是这系列电影成功地
Or perhaps the success of The Purge films
揭露我们已经知道的事:
reveals what most of us already know:
人们喜欢看暴力 因为…
People like watching violent shit because…
有时看着感觉还不错
well sometimes it just feels good.
谢谢观看
Thanks for watching.
嘿 俏皮话
Hey Wisecrack!
想要再恐怖点?
Have an itch for more horror?
必须的
Of course you do.
沉醉在我自己最喜欢的恐怖小说吧
Dive into one of my personal favorite horror novels
来这个网址 audible.com/wisecrack
by heading to audible.com/wisecrack
下载史蒂芬·金写的《这》
and downloading “IT” by Stephen King
不仅是金最好的作品
Not only is it one of King’s best works
而且电影也很快出
but the movie’s coming out soon
要是想去电影院看之前 了解剧情
and you’ll wanna be in the know before you see it in theaters.
听有声书 感受恐怖 时间会过得飞快
Getting your horror fix with an audiobook is a great way to make the time fly.
无论你在令人崩溃的上下班车上
Whether you’re on that soul-crushing commute
还是在健身中心健身
or getting through that cardio workout at the gym
Audible 简单方便 还有海量
Audible makes it easy to enjoy a huge selection of
有声书
audiobooks
原创电台节目
original audio shows
喜剧还有更多选择
comedy and more
无论你在哪
no matter where you are.
点击audible.com/wisecrack
Just go to audible.com/wisecrack
免费试用30天
to start your free 30-day trial
注册之后可以选《这》
When you sign up you can pick “IT”
或者任何一本书
or any other book that you want.
免费下载
Download it for free
还可以永久保存
and it’s yours to keep forever.
了解更多关于Audible 开始30天免费试用有声读物
For more about Audible and to start your 30-day free trial with a free audio book
上audible.com/wisecrack 注册
go to audible.com/wisecrack to sign up.
感谢Audible赞助本视频播出
Thanks to Audible for sponsoring this video.
我们还有更多精彩的内容
And we’ve got more great stuff on the way
点击箭头所示 了解我们的频道页面
so be sure to click here to check out our channel page
如果你还没有看过
and if you haven’t already
记得点关注
be sure to subscribe while you’re there.
谢谢喔
Thanks a lot guys!
我要去做下个视频了
I gotta go start working on the next video.
愿世界和平☮
Peace ☮

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMOpB5tSPVY

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