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桌游《生命游戏》的起源竟如此令人难以置信 – 译学馆
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桌游《生命游戏》的起源竟如此令人难以置信

The original Game of Life was incredibly dark

Ah, the Game of Life.
哦 《生命游戏》
It’s about as offensive as a bowl of Jello.
就像一碗果冻一样讨厌
But the original one from a hundred years earlier?
但百年前它最初又是什么样呢
It had squares like…this.
有很多格子就像……这样
The first Game of Life wasn’t just a game.
一开始《生命游戏》不只是游戏
It was a form of moral instruction.
它是一种精神指引
And it says something about how society
它阐述了在当时和现在
thinks life should be lived then and now.
社会上对于生存的意义的普遍看法
In a way, the Game of Life started
某种程度上 生命游戏的起源
when this chin disappeared.
与下巴上的胡子有关
Milton Bradley was a young lithographer
密尔顿•布雷德利是马萨诸塞州的一个年轻石印工
— basically a printer — in Massachusetts when he made
基本上可以说是一个画家
a thousand prints of this man running for president in 1860.
1860年 他创作了关于这个正在竞选总统的男人的近千幅画像
When Abraham Lincoln grew a beard
但当亚伯拉罕•林肯长出胡子时
those prints were worthless.
那些画就一文不值了
So Bradley had to pivot.
所以他不得不转变思路
He took his printing skills and let them loose on a young medium:
他把他的绘画技能应用到一个新兴的媒介
board games.
棋类游戏
The Checkered Game of Life was his first game
《生命游戏》是他的处女作
and it became a hit.
并且取得了成功
Players started at infancy.
玩家从起点开始移动
They spun a teetotum
然后旋转陀螺
this thing to determine options for their move.
这个东西用来决定他们移动多少格
You had control to choose your move once you spun.
一旦旋转了陀螺就必须按指示移动
The goal was to hit 100 points,
最终目标是达到一百分
through 5-point milestones like college, and Congress,
每五分一级 比如“大学”和“国会”
or big ones,
或者可以前进一大步
like 50 points for Old Age.
例如“老年时期”为50分
The game’s patent shows that Milton Bradley’s Life was
这个游戏的专利表明
more than just a social game.
密尔顿创作的不仅仅是一个游戏
It was about great
它更是一套强大的
moral principles.
精神法则
Elizabeth Peabody
伊丽莎白•皮博迪
founded the first English kindergarten in the United states in 1860.
在1860年建立了美国第一所英语幼儿园
Milton Bradley published this portrait of her
密尔顿在经历了林肯画像的失败以后
well after his Lincoln failure.
发表了这幅她的肖像
He also volunteered to teach his own daughter’s
密尔顿还无偿为他女儿
kindergarten class in Springfield, Massachusetts,
在马萨诸塞州春田的幼儿园教书
After the success of life.
他功成名就之后
And he used his business, Milton Bradley and Company,
他还用自己的公司
to publish games and educational tools
来发行游戏和教育用品
including more than 40 books about the new Kindergarten curriculum.
包括超过40本关于新幼儿园课程的书
They made a wide variety of learning tools,
他们生产了大量的学习用品
from educational puzzles
从教育字谜
to influential color wheels
到影响力颜色轮
Education became Bradley’s passion,
布莱德利在教育上倾注了热情
and the original Game of Life predicted that
最初的《生命游戏》预示了
it was a way to teach
它是想告诉成人和小孩
“the checkered journey of life” to children — and adults.
生命是一趟无常的旅程
That weird spinner, the teetotum?
那个奇怪的旋转物件儿 陀螺?
That was originally to avoid cards and dice,
它最初是用来避免游戏中出现卡片和骰子
because they were associated with gambling.
因为它们代表着赌博
The location of each spot also taught a lesson.
每一步的位置都有深刻的意义
Old age was surrounded by many difficulties.
“老年时期”被很多障碍包围
“Poverty lies near the cradle,”
“贫穷”在起点旁边
but passing through it didn’t hurt you in the beginning of the game.
但是在游戏之初通过它不会让你受伤
Setbacks didn’t earn you points,
走错并不会赢得分数
but most didn’t kick you out of the game, either.
但是也不会把你踢出游戏
Honesty led to happiness.
从“诚实”可以走向“幸福”
Industry, to wealth.
“工业”带来“财富”
And perseverance led to success.
“坚持不懈”使你走向“成功”
“I made 50,000 in the stock market today.”
“我今天在股票市场投了五万股”
“That’s Life”
那就是生活
In 1960, long after Milton Bradley died,
在密尔顿去世很久后的1960年
The company – which by then was mostly making games —
他的公司(那时候主要制作游戏)
dug Life from the archives
从公司档案中谋求商机
Choosing it over a long list of other games
他们从公司曾经发行的
the company had once published.
众多游戏中选择了它
They adapted it to 1960s America
他们把它改成20世纪60年代美国盛行的
with a candy-colored spinner and stacks of cash and cars
一个糖果色的转盘 一摞摞钞票以及汽车
that could load up a full family of baby boomers
它们可以把一个婴儿潮时期的家庭
to places like Millionaire Acres.
搬到“百万富翁区“
“I went to the Poor Farm.”
“我去了一个救济农场”
“I’m on Millionaire Acres!”
“我在百万富翁区!”
It centered around paydays
它以“发薪日“为中心
where the value of winning a Nobel was the cash prize that came with it
获得诺贝尔奖的价值在于现金奖励
The winner is the person with the most money.
拥有最多钱的人最终获胜
Today’s versions are almost identical
今天的版本几乎和原来一样
with tweaks for jobs and hot brand integrations.
只是职业方面的微调 以及热门品牌整合
“That’s life.”
“那是生活”
There was no more disgrace
新版本再也没有“耻辱”
but there also wasn’t bravery, or honor, or truth.
但同时也没有了“勇敢”“荣誉”或“真相”
Both versions are the Game of Life.
两个版本都是《生命游戏》
Which one should we play?
我们应该玩哪一个?
So when game night is over , you want your home to be safe
当游戏夜结束后 你希望你家安全
and that’s where SimpliSafe comes in.
这就是 “基本安全” 所能做的
They are the sponsor of this video.
他们是这个视频的赞助方
Simplisafe’s effective, reliable home security
“基本安全”提供可信赖的家庭安全保障
That’ll make sure your home is safe.It’s easy to use.
可以确保你家安全 用起来很容易
Easier than this thing, for sure.
可以说比它更容易
You konw how many times I had to spin this thing for this video?
你知道为了这个视频 我需要转动多少次这个陀螺吗?
So what makes Simplisafe protect like a Pro?
是什么让它能给予我们专业级的保护?
They’ve got 24/7 professional monitoring,
它们能够进行7×24的专业监测
and police dispatch that’s 3.5 times faster.
和三点五倍速的警力调遣
So if there’s a break-in hopefully there’s not a break-in
所以非法闯入很有希望不会发生了
But if there is a break-in
即使发生了
The police will be called and they’ll get there really quick.
警员会立刻知晓并火速赶到
And they’re modern comprehensive.
他们就是现代的综合能力者
That means they’ve got interior and exterior sensors
这意味着它无论内部还是外部的传感器
to help keep track of things.
都能监视周围事物
Experts like that,3 million people like that.
一些专家喜欢它 近三百万人喜欢它
a lot of people like that.
很多人喜欢这款产品
This is not part of the ad.
这不是广告的一部分
This is for sustenance.
这是为了生活
So all of this is about 50 cents a day with no contracts.
所有这些 每天只要50美分而且免签合同
There’s hardware too.
还有硬件设备
They’ve got the Simplisafe Lock,
它们用来锁定“基本安全”
which always makes sure that your door’s locked.
可以始终确保你的门上了锁
Simple as that,a lot of break-ins happen
简单的说 很多私闯民宅的案件
just because the door is unlocked.
发生的原因就是因为门没锁
I know I’ve done that
我曾经做了这样的事
I’ve run ten minutes back to my house just to lock the door.
我花十分钟跑回家只是为了锁门
Simplisafe takes care of that.
“基本安全” 考虑到了这一点
It also keeps track of people and lets you grant remote access.
它还能追踪行踪远程操作
So protect all those
所以用它来保护
beloved peg people in your life
你所爱的人们
Head over to Simplisafe.com/VOX
点击“基本安全”官网 Simplisafe.com/VOX
One more time, that’s Simplisafe.com/VOX
再说一次 是Simplisafe.com/VOX
Simplisafe doesn’t directly impact our editorial
赞助商“基本安全”不会直接影响我们的观点
but their support makes videos like this possible.
但“基本安全“的大力支持才让这个视频的出现变为可能

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视频概述

桌游《生命游戏》反映了当时人们对生存的看法,它在今天也仍旧广为流传。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Chaya_Gu

审核员

审核员SX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fXdBZWyiSLA

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