The ocean is really really deep
Deeper in fact than most of us realize
If you were to shave off all of the land from the tops of every continent and island in the world
and fill up the ocean’s deepest points with that land,
then the entire earth would be covered in an ocean 2 miles deep.
Three fourths of our planet is already covered in water though,
and it goes a lot deeper than just two miles.
Let’s start with a sense of scale,
this dot right here is the size of an average human,
this slightly larger dot is the size of an elephant,
And this is the size of the largest ship ever built, the Knock Nevis.
With that in mind, let’s start going under water
and see what we find out.
The first milestone is at 40 meters below the surface,
which is the maximum depth allowed for recreational scuba diving.
A little further down at 93 meters
is where the wreck of the Lusitania was discovered,
which is interesting because the Lusitania itself is 240 meters long,
which means that it sank in water shallower than it is long.
So if the ship was standing on its stern or bow,
it would be sticking out of the water.
Just slightly deeper than that at 100 meters
is where diving can become seriously fatal
if you’re not careful because of decompression sickness.
But that didn’t stop a man named Herbert Nitsch
to accomplish the free diving world record at a depth of 214 meters.
This guy swam down to this level with just one single breath.
But a little further down at 332 meters,
we have the scuba diving world record
which was accomplished by another man named Ahmed Gabr.
If he had swam down another 111 meters then
he would have reached the height of the Empire State Building if it was submerged under water.
And a little further than that at 500 meters below the surface,
we arrive at the maximum dive depth of Blue Whales, the largest creatures on the planet
And also the limit of the US Seawolf Class Nuclear Submarine.
At 535 meters we can witness the maximum dive depth of Emperor Penguins.
And this is one we must bring up the intensity of water pressure.
At this level below the surface
the water pressure exerted on a person or the penguins
would be roughly equivalent to a polar bear standing on a quarter.
So further down the depths at 830 meters
would be the height of the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the tallest building in the world.
Once we hit 1,000 meters below the surface,
we begin to enter the scary zone.
Light from the surface can no longer reach beyond this point,
so the rest of the ocean below is shrouded in permanent darkness.
On top of that, the water pressure you would experience at this point
would be about the same as if you were standing on the surface of the planet Venus,
meaning that you would die very quickly.
You would also meet the Giant Squid at this sea level
if the water pressure didn’t already kill you.
At 1,280 meters we reach the maximum depth dived to by the Leatherback Sea Turtle.
And further down at 1,828 meters
we would reach the deepest part of the Grand Canyon were it to be underwater with us.
Down at 2,000 meters,
we start to encounter some of the more terrifying sea creatures
like the ominously named Black Dragonfish,
a carnivorous beast with a stomach that doesn’t allow light to be emitted through it.
Meaning that since we are in total darkness underwater at this point,
the only way you would ever see this thing is with a flashlight.
A little further down at 2,250 meters
we would reach the maximum depth dived to
by both Sperm Whales and the very frightening Colossal Squid.
Sperm Whales often have sucker marks and scars
left on their bodies from battles with the Colossal Squid
that likely take place at these incredible depths.
The squids themselves can grow to be 14 meters long
and weigh up to 750 kilograms
with eyes the size of a dinner plate
and razor-sharp sickles in the middle of their tentacles.
So yeah, good luck with that down there.
Way further down at 3,800 meters
we can find the wreck of the RMS Titanic.
And a bit past that at 4,000 meters,
we start to enter the Abyssal Zone of the ocean.
Water pressure is at an astonishing 11,000 pounds per square inch down here.
And there are numerous strange,
almost alien like creatures that inhabit these depths,
such as the Fangtooth, Angler Fish, and Viper Fish.
Down at 4,267 meters is the average depth of the ocean
where you would normally expect to hit the floor.
But there are parts of the ocean that go significantly deeper than even this.
At 4,791 meters rests the wreckage of the battleship Bismarck,
sunk during World War II.
And way down at 6,000 meters
is the beginning of the Hadal Zone,
named after the underworld Hades, itself.
The water pressure down at these depths can become 1,100 times
what you would experience way back on top at the surface,
which is roughly equal to an elephant balancing on a postage stamp,
or a single person carrying the weight of 50 Boeing 747 jumbo jets.
Down at these depths, you would be crushed immediately
without any outside protection.
But life still exists down here in various strange forms.
At 6,500 meters we reach the maximum depth that the DSV Alvin can dive to,
a popular research submarine that helped to discover the Titanic.
Way further down at 8,848 meters below the surface
and we have arrived at the height of Mt. Everest, were it to be upside down and placed underwater.
And then way further past even that at 10,898 meters,
we arrive at the depth reached by James Cameron in 2012
during the Deep Sea Challenger Mission.
The deepest point of the ocean yet reached by humans was back in 1960 though,
迄今为止 人类到过的海洋最深处 是在1960年
when two men named Don Walsh and Jacques Piccard reached
a depth of 10,916 meters using their Trieste submarine.
It took them five hours to descend through the ocean to this depth.
And they only stayed for 20 minutes
before a window cracked and they began to resurface.
Just a bit further down from there at 10,972 meters
and we’ve reached the average flight altitude of a commercial airliner.
So if you’ve ever looked out of a window while on a flight
and looked down to the ground, that’s a very good sense of how incredibly deep down into
the abyss that we are currently at.
Finally, when we hit 10,994 meters
we have hit the bottom of the known ocean,
called the Challenger Deep, right here on this map
just about 300 kilometers southwest of Guam Island.
However, it is believed that there are almost certainly even deeper parts of the ocean
than this that just haven’t been discovered yet.
It wasn’t until 1997 after all that the Sirena Deep was discovered with a depth of 10,732 meters,
making it the second deepest known point in the ocean.
It is estimated that only about 5% of the ocean’s floor has been accurately mapped,
leaving the other 95% to be currently a mystery.
It may be only a matter of time before an even deeper part of our ocean is found.
And who knows what we may discover there.
So thank you for taking the time to watch this video.
If you’d like to stay up to date with videos in the future just like this one,
then you can subscribe to my channel by clicking here.
like to see some similar videos in the meantime,
then there are some older videos over here on the left.
Thank you again so much for watching this video
and we’ll see you again next time.
The ocean is really really deep