Before the creation of humanity, the Greek gods won a great battle againsta race of giants called the Titans.
Most Titans were destroyed ordriven to the eternal hell of Tartarus.
But the Titan Prometheus,whose name means foresight,
persuaded his brother Epimetheusto fight with him on the side of the gods.
As thanks, Zeus entrusted the brothers
with the task of creatingall living things.
Epimetheus was to distribute the giftsof the gods among the creatures.
To some, he gave flight; to others, the abilityto move through water
or race through grass.
He gave the beasts glittering scales, soft fur,
and sharp claws.
Meanwhile, Prometheus shapedthe first humans out of mud.
He formed them in the image of the gods,
but Zeus decreedthey were too remain mortal
and worship the inhabitantsof Mount Olympus from below.
Zeus deemed humans subservientcreatures vulnerable to the elements
and dependent on the gods for protection.
However, Prometheus envisioned his crudecreations with a greater purpose.
So when Zeus asked him to decidehow sacrifices would be made,
the wily Prometheus planned a trickthat would give humans some advantage.
He killed a bull and divided itinto two parts to present to Zeus.
On one side, he concealedthe succulent flesh and skin
under the unappealing belly of the animal.
On the other, he hid the bonesunder a thick layer of fat.
When Zeus chose the seeminglybest portion for himself,
he was outragedat Prometheus’s deception.
Fuming, Zeus forbade the useof fire on Earth,
whether to cook meator for any other purpose.
But Prometheus refused to seehis creations denied this resource.
And so, he scaled Mount Olympusto steal fire
from the workshopof Hephaestus and Athena.
He hid the flames in a hollow fennel stalkand brought it safely down to the people.
This gave them the power to harnessnature for their own benefit
and ultimately dominate the natural order.
With fire, humans could carefor themselves with food and warmth.
But they could also forge weaponsand wage war.
Prometheus’s flames acted as a catalystfor the rapid progression of civilization.
When Zeus looked down at this scene,he realized what had happened.
Prometheus had once againwounded his pride
and subverted his authority.
Furious, Zeus imposed a brutal punishment.
Prometheus was to be chainedto a cliff for eternity.
Each day, he would be visited by a vulturewho would tear out his liver
到晚上 他的肝又重生 去遭受下一日的折磨
and each night his liver would grow backto be attacked again in the morning.
Although Prometheus remainedin perpetual agony,
he never expressed regretat his act of rebellion.
His resilience in the face of oppressionmade him a beloved figure in mythology.
He was also celebrated for his mischievousand inquisitive spirit,
当然还有他的 博学 进取 和他为人带来的能力
and for the knowledge, progress,and power he brought to human hands.
He’s also a recurring figurein art and literature.
In Percy Bysshe Shelley’slyrical drama “Prometheus Unbound,”
the author imagines Prometheusas a romantic hero
who escapes and continues to spreadempathy and knowledge.
对于它的主人公 雪莱写到 普罗米修斯是
Of his protagonist, Shelley wrote, “Prometheus is the typeof the highest perfection
of moral and intellectual nature,
impelled by the purestand the truest motives
to the best and noblest ends.”
His wife Mary envisaged Prometheusas a more cautionary figure
and subtitled her novel”Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus.”
This suggests the damage of corruptingthe natural order
and remains relevantto the ethical questions
surrounding science and technology today.
作为一个英雄 叛徒 心机者
As hero, rebel, or trickster,
Prometheus remains a symbol of ourcapacity to capture the powers of nature, and ultimately,
最终 他还提醒着我们 个人行为是可能点亮全世界的
he reminds us of the potentialof individual acts to ignite the world.