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普罗米修斯的故事 – 译学馆
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普罗米修斯的故事

The myth of Prometheus - Iseult Gillespie

在人类出现之前 希腊诸神与泰坦巨人进行了激战并取得了胜利
Before the creation of humanity, the Greek gods won a great battle againsta race of giants called the Titans.
多大多数的泰坦都被消灭或驱逐到了塔耳塔洛斯无尽的地狱里
Most Titans were destroyed ordriven to the eternal hell of Tartarus.
但泰坦普罗米修斯这个远见的男人
But the Titan Prometheus,whose name means foresight,
劝他的弟弟厄庇墨透斯和他一起帮助诸神
persuaded his brother Epimetheusto fight with him on the side of the gods.
作为感谢 宙斯将
As thanks, Zeus entrusted the brothers
制造所有生物的重任交给了他们
with the task of creatingall living things.
厄庇墨透斯的职责是把众神的馈赠分配给众生
Epimetheus was to distribute the giftsof the gods among the creatures.
他让某些动物能在天上飞 另一些能在水里游
To some, he gave flight; to others, the abilityto move through water
还有些在草里跑
or race through grass.
他给了野兽闪光的鳞片 柔软的毛
He gave the beasts glittering scales, soft fur,
还有锋利的爪
and sharp claws.
在此同时 普罗米修斯用泥土造出了第一个人类
Meanwhile, Prometheus shapedthe first humans out of mud.
他按照神的样子捏出了人类
He formed them in the image of the gods,
但宙斯下令说 人类和动物一样也应有生死
but Zeus decreedthey were too remain mortal
并应向奥林匹斯山上的众神祈求庇护
and worship the inhabitantsof Mount Olympus from below.
宙斯认为人类是一群低级 脆弱的生物
Zeus deemed humans subservientcreatures vulnerable to the elements
需要依靠诸神的保护
and dependent on the gods for protection.
然而 普罗米修斯却对自己的粗糙的作品寄予了厚望
However, Prometheus envisioned his crudecreations with a greater purpose.
所以当宙斯让他决定祭献的方式时
So when Zeus asked him to decidehow sacrifices would be made,
机智的普罗米修斯想了一个对人类有利的计策
the wily Prometheus planned a trickthat would give humans some advantage.
他杀了一头牛 然后把它分成两半献给宙斯
He killed a bull and divided itinto two parts to present to Zeus.
把鲜嫩的肉和皮藏在一边
On one side, he concealedthe succulent flesh and skin
并将不好吃的胃盖在上面
under the unappealing belly of the animal.
在另一边 他把骨头藏在厚厚肥肉下边
On the other, he hid the bonesunder a thick layer of fat.
当宙斯给自己挑了一块看起来最合口味的之后
When Zeus chose the seeminglybest portion for himself,
他对普罗米修斯的诡计感到非常生气
he was outragedat Prometheus’s deception.
暴怒之下 宙斯禁止地上的居民用火
Fuming, Zeus forbade the useof fire on Earth,
无论是为了烤肉还是为了其他用途
whether to cook meator for any other purpose.
但普罗米修斯不想看到他的孩子失去这种资源
But Prometheus refused to seehis creations denied this resource.
于是他爬上奥林匹斯山
And so, he scaled Mount Olympusto steal fire
去赫菲斯托斯和雅典娜的驻地偷取火种
from the workshopof Hephaestus and Athena.
他把火藏在中空的茴香棍中 将它安全送下山给到人类
He hid the flames in a hollow fennel stalkand brought it safely down to the people.
让他们能依照自己的想法来利用大自然
This gave them the power to harnessnature for their own benefit
最终站在食物链的顶端
and ultimately dominate the natural order.
有了火 人们就能温饱自足了
With fire, humans could carefor themselves with food and warmth.
但火也能被用来制作武器 并发动战争
But they could also forge weaponsand wage war.
普罗米修斯的火成了文明飞速发展的催化剂
Prometheus’s flames acted as a catalystfor the rapid progression of civilization.
当宙斯审视下界时 一下明白了发生了什么
When Zeus looked down at this scene,he realized what had happened.
普罗米修斯再一次侵犯了他的尊严
Prometheus had once againwounded his pride
而且挑战了他的权威
and subverted his authority.
暴怒之下 宙斯狠狠的惩罚了他
Furious, Zeus imposed a brutal punishment.
普罗米修斯被缚在悬崖下 永世不得超生
Prometheus was to be chainedto a cliff for eternity.
白天 秃鹰们会来撕裂他的肝脏
Each day, he would be visited by a vulturewho would tear out his liver
到晚上 他的肝又重生 去遭受下一日的折磨
and each night his liver would grow backto be attacked again in the morning.
无论普罗米修斯承受多么巨大而持久的痛苦
Although Prometheus remainedin perpetual agony,
他都从未为自己的行为感到后悔
he never expressed regretat his act of rebellion.
他在面对压迫时的达观让他成了神话中受人爱戴的角色
His resilience in the face of oppressionmade him a beloved figure in mythology.
他的顽皮和刨根问底的精神也同样为人称道
He was also celebrated for his mischievousand inquisitive spirit,
当然还有他的 博学 进取 和他为人带来的能力
and for the knowledge, progress,and power he brought to human hands.
他的形象也常常出现在艺术和文学中
He’s also a recurring figurein art and literature.
在波西雪莱的抒情戏剧《解脱的普罗米修斯》中
In Percy Bysshe Shelley’slyrical drama “Prometheus Unbound,”
作者把普罗米修斯想成一个浪漫的英雄
the author imagines Prometheusas a romantic hero
在逃脱苦难后继续传播同情与知识
who escapes and continues to spreadempathy and knowledge.
对于它的主人公 雪莱写到 普罗米修斯是
Of his protagonist, Shelley wrote, “Prometheus is the typeof the highest perfection
道德和自然知识高度完美的人
of moral and intellectual nature,
在最纯粹与真实的动机的推动下
impelled by the purestand the truest motives
实现了最美好与高贵的目的
to the best and noblest ends.”
他的妻子玛丽则认为 普罗米修斯应该是个值得警惕的人物
His wife Mary envisaged Prometheusas a more cautionary figure
她将给小说拟的小标题《弗兰肯斯坦:现代普罗米修斯》
and subtitled her novel”Frankenstein: The Modern Prometheus.”
暗示了他对自然秩序的破坏
This suggests the damage of corruptingthe natural order
遗留了科技进步带来的
and remains relevantto the ethical questions
一系列道德问题
surrounding science and technology today.
作为一个英雄 叛徒 心机者
As hero, rebel, or trickster,
普罗米修斯成为了人类征服大自然的象征
Prometheus remains a symbol of ourcapacity to capture the powers of nature, and ultimately,
最终 他还提醒着我们 个人行为是可能点亮全世界的
he reminds us of the potentialof individual acts to ignite the world.

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