英雄是将生命献给比自身更重要的事业的人 —— 约瑟夫・坎伯
赫拉克勒斯 宙斯之子 人类的守护神
Hercules, son of Zeus and champion of humankind,
gazed in horror as he realized
he had just committed
the most unspeakable crime imaginable.
The goddess Hera, who hated Hercules for being born
of her husband’s adultery,
had stricken him with a temporary curse of madness.
And his own family were the casualties.
Consumed by grief,
Hercules sought out the Oracle of Delphi,
who told him the path to atonement laywith his cousin,
King Eurystheus of Tiryns, a favorite of Hera’s.
Eurystheus hoped to humiliate
Hercules with ten impossible tasks
that pitted him against invincible monsters
and unfathomable forces.
Instead, the king set the stage for an epic series of adventures
that would come to be known as the Labors of Hercules.
The first labor was to slay the Nemean Lion,
who kidnapped women and devoured warriors.
Its golden fur was impervious to arrows,
but Hercules cornered the lion in its dark cave,
stunned it with a club,
and strangled it with his bare hands.
He found no tool sharp enough to skin the beast,
until the goddess Athena
suggested using one of its own claws.
Hercules returned to Tiryns wearing the lion’s hide,
frightening King Eurystheus so much that he hid in a wine jar.
从那之后 赫拉克勒斯就被命令 呈送战利品时
From then on, Hercules was ordered
to present his trophies at a safe distance.
The second target was the Lernaean Hydra,
a giant serpent with many heads.
Hercules fought fiercely,
but every time he cut one head off,
two more grew in its place.
The battle was hopeless
until his nephew Iolaus
thought to cauterize the necks with fire,
keeping the heads from regrowing.
The dead serpent’s remains became the Hydra constellation.
Instead of slaying a beast,
Hercules next had to catch one, alive.
The Ceryneian Hind was a female deer
so fast it could outrun an arrow.
Hercules tracked it for a year,
finally trapping it in the northern land of Hyperborea.
The animal turned out to be sacred to Artemis, goddess of the hunt,
and Hercules swore to return it.
When Eurystheus saw the hind,
he demanded to keep it instead,
but as soon as Hercules let go,
the animal ran to its mistress.
Thus, Hercules completed his task
without breaking his promise.
The fourth mission was to capture the Erymanthian boar,
which had ravaged many fields.
Advised by the wise centaur Chiron,
Hercules trapped it by chasing it into thick snow.
For the fifth task, there were no animals,just their leftovers.
The stables where King Augeas kept his hundreds of divine cattle
had not been maintained in ages.
Hercules promised to clean them in one day
if he could keep one-tenth of the livestock.
Augeas expected the hero to fail.
Instead, Hercules dug massive trenches,
rerouting two nearby rivers to flow through the stables
until they were spotless.
Next came three more beastly foes,
each requiring a clever strategy to defeat.
The carnivorous Stymphalian birds
nested in an impenetrable swamp,
but Hercules used Athena’s special rattle
to frighten them into the air,
at which point he shot them down.
No mortal could stand before the Cretan bull’s mad rampage,
but a chokehold from behind did the trick.
And the mad King Diomedes,
who had trained his horses to devour his guests,
got a taste of his own medicine
when Hercules wrestled him into his own stables.
The ensuing feast calmed the beasts enough for Hercules
to bind their mouths.
But the ninth labor involved someone more dangerous than any beast,
Hippolyta, queen of the Amazons.
Hercules was to retrieve the belt given to her
by her father Ares, the god of war.
He sailed to the Amazon land of Themysciraprepared for battle,
but the queen was so impressed with the hero and his exploits
that she gave the belt willingly.
For his tenth labor,
Hercules had to steal a herd of magical red cattle from Geryon,
a giant with three heads and three bodies.
On his way, Hercules was so annoyed by the Libyan desert heat
that he shot an arrow at the Sun.
The sun god Helios admired the hero’s strength
and lent his chariot for the journey to the island of Erytheia.
There, Hercules fought off Geryon’s herdsman and his two-headed dog,
before killing the giant himself.
That should have been the end.
But Eurystheus announced that two labors hadn’t counted:
the Hydra, because Iolaus had helped Hercules kill it,
and the stables, because he’d accepted payment.
And so, the hero set about his eleventh task,
obtaining golden apples from the garden of the Hesperides nymphs.
Hercules began by catching the Old Man of the Sea
and holding the shape-shifting water-god
until he reveals the garden’s location.
Once there, the hero found the titan
Atlas holding up the heavens.
Hercules offered to take his place
if Atlas would retrieve the apples.
Atlas eagerly complied,
but Hercules then tricked him into trading places again,
escaping with apples in hand.
The twelfth and final task
was to bring back Cerberus, the three-headed hound guarding the underworld
Helped by Hermes and Athena,
Hercules descended and met Hades himself.
The lord of the dead allowed Hercules to take the beast
if he could do it without weapons,
which he achieved by grabbing all three of its heads at once.
When he presented the hound to a horrified Eurystheus,
the king finally declared the hero’s service complete.
After 12 years of toil,
Hercules had redeemed the tragic deathsof his family
and earned a place in the divine pantheon.
But his victory held an even deeper importance.
In overcoming the chaotic and monstrous forces of the world,
the hero swept away what remained of the Titans’ primordial order,
reshaping it into one where humanity could thrive.
Through his labors, Hercules tamed the world’s madness
by atoning for his own.