– [Voiceover] This isa mummy of a young man named Herakleides.
He died in Egypt in the first century A.D.
when he was about 20 years old.
Mummification was developedby the ancient Egyptians
to preserve the body for the afterlife.
作为特色 在木乃伊化前 除了心脏
Typically, all internalorgans were removed
before mummification withthe exception of the heart.
But in this case the heart was removed
and the lungs were left intact.
接着 身体会被涂满盐 放大概四十天
Next,the body was covered with salt and left for about 40 days,
until all moisture was eliminated.
Perfumed oils and plant resinswere rubbed on the body.
Thick layers of resin wereapplied to glue the strips of
linen that were wrapped around the body.
The mummy was placed on a wooden board
and more wrappings bound them together.
A mysterious pouch, perhapsof religious significance
was placed on the chest.
A mummified ibis, a wadingbird with a slender,down curved bill,
was placed on the abdomen.
Ibis mummies commonlyserved as votive offerings
to the gods, but this is an unusual case
of a bird being mummifiedwith a deceased human.
Long linen strips furthersecured the wrappings.
A portrait panel of Herakleideswas placed over the face.
A large linen cloth waswrapped around the mummy.
The shroud was paintedred with an imported lead-based pigment.
This treatment is rare, very few red shroud mummies are known to exist.
Egyptian symbols of protection and rebirth
were painted on the outercloth with pigments and gold.
Finally, Herakleides name waswritten in Greek at the feet.
Thanks to this remarkablemummification process,
Herakleides body is with us today.