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影响了《请以你的名字呼唤我》的电影

The Movies That Influenced Call Me By Your Name

怪咖作家
The Nerdwriter
快过来
Come on!
试想如果他们发现我们
Imagine if they found us.
这是我们的秘密之湖
This is the secret lake.
这是我的秘密基地 只属于我
It’s my spot, it’s all mine.
我来这看书
I come here to read.
数不清在这儿读过多少书了
Can’t tell you number of books I’ve read here.
我的天 好凉啊
Oh, my god, it’s freezing!
我们一定会彼此相融
I absolutely will come each other.
怎么了
What’s wrong?
我觉得我们会弄糟一切
I think we’d spoil everything.
我了解我自己 懂吗
I know myself, okay?
我们一直相安无事 没做什么出格的事
We’ve been good, we haven’t done anything to be ashamed of.
这是一件好事
And that’s a good thing.
保持这样就行了
I wanna be good.
好吗
Okay.
《请以你的名字呼唤我》 电影研究134 春季学期
CALL ME BY YOUR NAMEFS 134, SPRING SEMESTER
为《请以你的名字呼唤我》开一门电影学习课
It would be pretty cool to design a film study’s course
会是一件很酷的事情
around Call Me by Your Name.
该片在电影史上开辟了自己独特的方式
The movie opens up its own interesting way in film history.
体现在作者试图从他们的作品中消失
Populated by authors trying to disappear from their work
这是值得一个探讨的悖论
which is a paradox worthy exploring.
你现在看到的经典电影
The movies that this class would feature
以及你刚在视频开头看到的电影
a handful of what you just saw in opening sequence,
与导演卢卡·圭达尼诺镜头下的
have similarities that are focused by Call Me by You Name.
《请以你的名字呼唤我》有着相似的特点
And by director Luca Guadagnino’s vision.
并不是说圭达尼诺引用或受到了多少影响
It’s not that Guadagnino quotes or pays how much to his influences.
他做的是件更难的事
He does something that’s much harder.
实际上他学习了经典电影中的优点
He actually learns the lessons that these influences teach
并应用到电影中来增加自己的风格
and applies them in a way that adds his personal sytle.
《看得见风景的房间》导演 詹姆斯·伊沃里 1985年
A ROOM WITH A VIEWDIR.JAMES IVORY, 1985
我认为最显著的影响是詹姆斯·伊沃里的电影
The most obvious influence I think are the films of James Ivory.
尤其是 改编于爱·摩·福斯特小说的那两部
Specifically, two of these E.M. Forster adaptations.
《看得见风景的房间》和《莫里斯》
A Room with The View and Maurice.
我用“显著”是因为《请以你的名字呼唤我》的编剧
I say obvious because Ivory was in his late 80s or less.
正是年近90岁的伊沃里
The screen writer for Call Me by You Name.
他在莫昌特·伊沃里影业长期从业的特征
The marker whoes long career at A Merchant Ivory production company
在这部电影中体现的淋漓尽致
is all over this movie.
你可能不了解莫昌特·伊沃里制片公司
And you might not know A Merchant Ivory-
它是伊沃里和他一生的合作伙伴伊斯梅尔·莫昌特组成的导演制片团队
the director producer team of Ivory and his life partner Ismil Merchant.
两人和编剧鲁丝·贾布瓦拉一起
But along with their screen writer Ruth Jhabvala,
共创作了44部电影
they created 44 films together.
这些电影通常由高雅文学改编
Often highbrow, literary adaptations,
有着古式家具 华丽的服饰和布景
period pieces with lavish costumes and sets.
这听起来或许像古板又浮夸的电影摄制手法
And this may sound like stuffy, pompous filmmaking,
但莫昌特·伊沃里的电影却不是这样 而是生机勃勃
but the Merchant Ivory films are anything but they grieve with life.
美景 美……
“Beauty, joy…”
举个例子 在《看得见风景的房间》中
In A Room with The View, for example,
自然风光象征自由
nature is a symbol of freedom
它是对爱德华时期英国社会束缚的反抗
against the social restrictions of Edwardian England.
和圭达尼诺一样
Ivory like, Guadagnino
伊沃里也捕捉了户外温暖的触觉质感
captures the warm tactile qualities of being outdoors,
并用这些图像和声音唤起的感官记忆
and uses the sense memory that these images and sounds evoke.
作为一种引发对角色的共情的方式
As a way to trigger empathy, for the characters.
在这些电影中 角色们对夏日午后的渴望
In those films, their desire for summer afternoons
和对爱或欲的渴望一致
is parallel with the desire for love or sex.
《莫里斯》改编于福斯特的一部同性恋小说
In Maurice, an adaptation of Forster’s noval of homosexual love,
与此片中 相似之处更加明显
the similarities are more apparent.
莫里斯和艾力奥都试探性地意识到
The important ways that both Maurice and Elio tentatively realize
并依他们的感觉行事的重要方式是肢体动作而非口头表达
and act upon their feelings are physical, not verbal.
那才是好的制片和演员处理改编作品的方法
This is what a good film maker and good actors bring to an adaptation-
把对话转化为姿态和动作
the translation of dialogue into gesture and action.
你在干什么
“What are you doing?”
没干什么
“Have nothing.”
第二个关键的影响是埃里克·罗麦尔的电影
A second key influence are the films of Eric Rohmer,
他是最后一位“法国新浪潮”导演
the last of the French New Wave directors,
他的风格相比于戈达尔和特吕弗
whose style was less like a kind of
少了一些经典元素
classic tick than Godard and Truffaut,
但是他创作的作品质量也不错
Yet to his career, sustained in quality
创作生涯也比同时代所有人都持久
much longer than many of these contemporaries.
罗麦尔以一个絮叨的导演著称
Rohmer is known as a very wordy film maker,
他电影片中的主演都会就爱和欲展开哲学探讨
his movies feature characters having extended philosophical conversations on love and desire.
但圭达尼诺从他那里借鉴的 却是简洁
Yet what Guadagnino draws from him is it’s simplicity,
他不动声色地呈现空间人物
his unsentimental presentation of characters and space
以及摄影技巧
and his camera work.
和在他之前伟大的让·雷诺阿导演一样
Like the great Jean Renoir who come before him,
罗麦尔关注的是现实主义
Rohmer is interested in realism,
但他并不以牺牲美丽为代价
but not the expense of the beauty.
和罗麦尔以及雷诺阿的电影一样
Like Rohmer’s and Renoir’s,
圭达尼诺在《请以你的名字呼唤我》中的镜头并不炫丽
Guadagnino’s camera in Call Me by Your Name isn’t showy,
他的剪辑也不带操纵性
and his editing isn’t manipulative.
圭达尼诺和摄像师仅用了一个35毫米的镜头
Guadagnino and semitographer only used one lens of 35 millimeter
来粗略模拟人眼的感觉
to mimic roughly the feel of human eye sight.
相机跟随着人物动作
And the camera follows the action
但以一种旁观的视角
but in the way in observe of him.
在以上这些导演的作品中
In all of these film makers,
长镜头并不会让你感到过于风格化和分散注意力
long takes don’t feel stylized or distracting.
它们只是作为一个观察环境的窗口
They function as a window into the environment,
重要的是我们能看到那些环境
and it’s important that we see that environment.
角色所处的空间
The spaces, these characters in habit.
所以画面通常景深感强 极少用特写
So depth of field is usually deep and the use of closeups is rare.
正如罗麦尔曾经说过
As Rohmer once said,
“我不喜欢用特写镜头的原因是它会排除其他环境”
“The reason I don’t like a closeup is because it excludes.
“不能增添表现力 只会减少表现力”
It doesn’t add. It takes away.
“会抑制住人物和布景之间的联系”
It suppresses the relationship of the character to the set.”
对圭达尼诺来说重要的是
What’s important for Guadagnino is that
他会给演员足够多的空间和时间
he gives the actors enough room and time,
来让彼此间的氛围酝酿出情感
for the space between them to become charged with emotion.
最后《请以你的名字呼唤我》在结构上受到最重大的影响
Finally they need most important influence on the structure of Call Me by Your Name
来自于法国导演莫里斯·皮亚拉的作品
is the French director Maurice Pialat,
尤其是他的那部《关于我们的爱情》
especially his film, ANos Amours.
皮亚拉是法国新浪潮的外围人物
Pialat is another figure on the outer wing of the French New Wave,
他在美国没什么名气
who barely has any recognition in the America.
他的电影很粗犷 极端的克制
His films are rough and unsentimental to the extreme,
即使有时显得草率 但它们带来一股狂热的力量
even sloppy at times. But they bring with a wild energy.
这种力量受由冲动控制的那些人所驱动
They’re driven by people who are slaves to impulse.
圭达尼诺欣赏皮亚拉的是
And what Guadagnino admires about Pialat is
这股冲动的力量推动着叙事结构发展
how these impulses drive the construction of the narrative.
几乎令人眼花缭乱 举个例子 《关于我们的爱情》
It’s almost dizzying in ANos Amours for example,
是一部充满着性放纵的成长电影
are coming-of-age filmed about sexually charged at a lesson.
场景之间的转换不考虑传统的故事思路
Trips from seen to seeing without consideration for a traditional story arc.
两镜头间的跳转可代表两秒或两个月
The cut between two shots could represent a jump of two seconds or two months.
观众对这两种时间跨度都毫无准备
And the audience isn’t prepared for either.
《请以你的名字呼唤我》并不像那样极端
And Call Me by Your Name isn’t as extreme as these.
但圭达尼诺的叙事结构也遵循着类似的节奏
But Guadagnino’s narrative follows a similar rhythm
全片线索并非是三段式发展结构
with the through line isn’t the developments of a three episode,
而是艾力奥欲望的力量和表现
but rather the energy of Elio’s desire and how that manifests.
圭达尼诺与众不同的结构很重要
His unusual structures are so important,
因为叙事思路是我们参照自己生活方式的
because narrative arc is one of the ways in which
一个重要的方式
we model our own lives.
有时所谓的好莱坞电影可能存在谬误
And there can be falseness in what sometimes called Hollywood films,
会影响我们对于生活经历的期待
that influences are expectations of experience.
例如 我看《请以你的名字呼唤我》时
For instance, the whole time I was watching Call Me by Your Name,
总会担心会不会有第三人或第三方不可避免地出现
I was anxious for the person or the institution
来挑战艾力奥和奥利弗之间的恋情
that would inevitably challenge Elio and Oliver’s affair.
这是我在看这类电影时首先就会想到的一种预期
It’s something I come to expect in films or stories of this kind.
不过 当那种预期并未发生
But when that didn’t happen,
我松了口气
and I release that pant a bandage.
涌起了一种启发性的感觉
It was a revelatory feeling
仿佛这部电影展示了生活的一个新角落
like the film was opening up a new corner of life,
提供了一种看待生活不同的方式
a different way to see things.
#闭上双眼 回忆彼时#
#Oh to see without by eyes#
#你最初亲吻我的时刻#
#The first time that you kissed me#
你没必要去理解这些电影或导演之后
You don’t have to understand these films or these directors
才能欣赏《请以你的名字呼唤我》
to enjoy Call Me by Your Name.
实际上我列出这些想说的是
In fact, this lineage is built around the notion that
导演不必用激进的方式就能对观众产生强烈的冲击
you can have a radical affect on viewers without a radical style.
我认为圭达尼诺对电影的热爱
I think Guadagnino send in the field,
是最好的那一类
yet his lover films is the very best kind.
人们即使不熟悉电影风格 也不会看不懂电影
It doesn’t exclude people for not being in the know.
他将这些优点聚集起来
It brings influences together
提供了一种全新的电影风格以供欣赏
and the service of a brand new style to appreciate.
#悲伤如我 沉湎于你第一次触摸我的瞬间#
#It’s me. The first time that you touched me#
各位 谢谢观看
Everybody, thank you so much for watching.
本视频由Squarespace赞助播出
This episode was brought to you by Squarespace.
如果你想建一个网站
If you wanna make a website
并且你希望过程简单一些
and you want it to be a really easy process,
Squarespace有很多设计模板供你挑选
Squarespace has some beautiful a word-waiting designer templates to choose from.
能让你建立网站的过程变的很简单
That makes that process of building your website, really simple.
它提供24小时客户服务
It’s got 24 hours customer service,
不用再升级 不用再修复 不用再安装补丁
no upgrade, nothing to restore, no patches, ever.
选一个网站域名非常简单
And picking your domain name is really easy.
你可以在Squarespace.com上免费试用
You can start to free trail at Squarespace.com.
如果你用本频道提供的优惠码 “nerdwriter”
And if you use the offered code, nerdwriter,
初次购买可以打9折
you can get 10 percent off your first purchase.
再次感谢大家 我们在下周新视频再见
Thank you guys again and I’ll see you next week for a new video.

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译制信息
视频概述

《请以你的名字呼唤我》看完后让人久久无法释怀,对的人却留不住,一切止于这个夏天…让人心疼流泪。那么导演是如何以一种并不激进的方式引起观众强烈心理冲突的呢,一起来看看吧。

听录译者

Stacey

翻译译者

别滋米

审核员

审核员YZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i47zrx24dpY

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