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对于成功而言最有力的思维模式

The Most Powerful Mindset for Success

这个视频是由Brilliant
This video was made possible by Brilliant
一个解决问题的帮助你提高思维能力的网站制作
a problem solving website that helps you improve your mental capabilities.
所有的成功人士似乎都有一个共同的心理特征
There is a psychological trait that all successful people appear to have in common.
它经由比尔盖茨认证
It’s been cosigned by Bill Gates
并且NASA将其作为选拔潜在系统工程师的标准
and NASA uses it as a criteria for selecting potential systems engineer.
这种观念被叫做成长型思维
This concept is called the growth mindset,
是由卡罗尔·德韦克首创的术语
a term originally coined by Carol Dweck.
成长型思维的人认为 在任何领域 智力和技能
People with the growth mindset believe that intelligence or skill, in any field,
都可以通过努力培养出来
can be developed through effort.
基本上 他们相信任何人都可以在任何事情上培养自己的能力
Basically,they believe that anyone can nurture their abilities in anything.
与成长型思维相反的是固定型思维
The inverse of the growth mindset is the fixedmindset.
有这种心态的人相信智力和技能都是天生的
People with this mindset believe that intelligenceand skill are innate:
是我们与生俱来的
it’s something that we’re born with.
我们要么出生有天赋要么没有
We’re either born gifted or not;
这没有改变的余地
there is no room for change.
基本上 他们相信智力是与生俱来的
Basically,they believe intelligence is fixedfrom birth.
在这个视频中 我们将探讨为什么成长思维是更好的
In this essay, we’ll explore why the growth mindset is the better one
以及我们如何培养它
and how we can develop it.
对成长而言最有力的思维模式——思想自由
我们谈了一些关于什么是成长型思维:
So we talked a little about what the growth mindset is:
相信智力和技能在任何领域都可以发展
the belief that intelligence and skil in any field can be developed.
但是 我们也来谈谈它的缺陷
But, let’s also talk about what it’s not.
它不是魔法
It’s not magic.
它不会帮你从生活中得到任何你想要的东西
It won’t help you get everything that you want out of life
它不会使你成为下一个埃隆·马斯克或史蒂夫·乔布斯
and it won’t make you the next Elon Musk or Steve Jobs.
然而 这是一个可以观察世界的非常强大的镜头
However,it is a very powerful lens with which to see the world
并且可以提高你成功的概率
and it can improve the probability of your success.
我们所有人都是成长和固定思维的混合体
All of us are a mixture of both the growth and fixed mindsets.
在我们生活的某些方面 我们运用成长型思维
In some areas of our lives, we operate with the growth mindset.
在其他一些方面 我们运用固定型思维
In others, we operate with the fixed mindset.
正因为这样 我想让你们把这两种心态看成是一副眼镜
Because of this, I want you to think of both mindsets like a pair of glasses.
有些人经常戴成长型眼镜
Some people wear the growth glasses more often
其他人常戴固定型眼镜
and others wear the fixed glasses more.
但是 我们会在生活中的不同场合戴这两种眼镜
But, we all wear both in different situations in our lives.
尽管我们都应该努力去戴成长型的而不是戴固定型的
Although, we should all strive to wear the growth ones much more than we wear the fixed one.
但是 为什么呢
But, why?
大多数调查都显示有成长型思维的人比
Well, a lot of research seems to suggest that people with the growth mindset are more successful
有固定型思维的人更成功
than people with the fixed mindset.
例如 一项研究发现
For example, a study found that
“有成长性思维的学生在测试中得分前20%的可能性是其他学生的三倍
“Students who held a growth mindset were three times more likely to score in the top 20% on the test,
而有固定思维的学生得分后20%的可能性是其他学生的四倍”
while students with a fixed mindset were four times more likely to score in the bottom 20%”
另一个研究发现 当7年级学生参与一个成长型思维项目
Another study found that when 7th graders participated in a growth mindset program,
他们能够避免通常发生在中学的成绩下降情况
they were able to avoid a drop in grades which usually occurs in middle school.
有成长型思维的人适应能力更强
People with the growth mindset are much more resilient
因此他们能克服挑战和困境
which allows them to overcome challenging and difficult situations.
他们从失败中学习
Because they prioritize learning over failure,.
他们不怕冒险
they are unafraid to take risks,
他们不会停滞成长
they prioritize growing over stagnation.
另一方面 固定型思维的人不想挑战自我
On the other hand, people with the fixed mindset don’t want to challenge themselves
因为他们认为天赋和智力是固定的
because they believe talent and intelligence are fixed.
他们把失败看成是对自己人格的攻击
They look at failure as an assault on who they are as a person.
对他们来说 缺乏知识是愚蠢的表现
To them, lack of knowledge is an indicator of stupidity
失败一次就意味着永远失败
and failure once means failure always.
成长型思维的人认为他们总是处于变化和变换的状态
A person with the growth mindset believes that they are always in a state of flux and transformation;
所以他们不会把自己的身份和结果联系起来
so, they don’t attach theiridentity to their results.
相反 他们注重学习和成长的过程
Instead, they focus on the process of growing and learning.
很少有人会否认 成长型思维似乎很好地反映了现实
Few people will deny that the growth mindset seems to map nicely onto reality.
多亏了神经科学领域 我们知道大脑能够
We know that the brain can continue to learn unti the day we die
持续学习直到我们死去
thanks to the field of neuroscience.
这也直观地表明 尽管有障碍 人们必须
It also seems quite intuitive that people must work hard and persevere,
努力工作并坚持不懈来获得成功
despite obstacles, to end up being successful.
所以成长思维似乎比固定思维更能准确地看待现实
So the growth mindset seems to be a much more accurate view of reality than the fixed mindset.
与固定思维型的人相比 成长思维型的人更符合现实
People with the growth mindset are living in greater accordance with reality than people with the fixed mindset.
他们能够做出更真实的决定
They can make truer decisions
然而固定思维的人处于更大的幻想状态中
While the person with the fixed mindset lives in a greater state of delusion.
这样说是什么意思呢
What do I mean by this?
例如两个企业家
Imagine two entrepreneurs:
一个有成长思维 一个有固定思维
one has the growth mindset and one has the fixed mindset.
她们都处于创业旅程的早期阶段
They are both in the early stages of theirentrepreneurial journey.
突然 她们都遇到了障碍 并且被迫做出决定
Suddenly, they both encounter a roadblock and are forced to make a decision.
固定思维的人看到前方因路障而漫长而艰辛的旅程
The one with the fixed mindset sees the long and arduous journey ahead of her due to the roadblock.
这旅程是通往对她来说重要的结果的必经之路
The journey is in the way of what mattersto her: the result.
她认为对于那些注定要创业的人来说创业应该很容易
She believes that entrepreneurship should come easy to those who are destined for it.
因此她决定放弃
She decides to quit.
有成长思维的人看着前方漫长而艰辛的旅程微笑着
The one with the growth mindset sees the long and arduous journey ahead of her and smiles.
旅程就是她的路 旅程才是最重要的
The journey is the way for her; the journey is what matters.
作为学生 她把这条漫长而艰辛的路当作老师
Taking the role of a student, she accepts the long and arduous path as her teacher.
她会让它塑造她成为她需要成为的人
She will allow it to mold her into the person she needs to become,
来达到她想要的结果
to achieve the results she desires.
她选择坚持
She decides to persist.
当我们看这两个例子的时候
When we look at both of these examples,
我们大多数人都认为
most of us would agree that
具有成长思维的企业家对现实有更深刻的理解
the entrepreneur with the growth mindset has a greater understanding of reality.
她的选择更真实
Her decision is truer.
我们知道事情的完成需要时间 努力和策略
We know that things take time, effort, and strategy to achieve
但将这种想法付诸实践往往是困难的
but it’s often difficult to put that kind of thinking in to practice.
所以我们应该如何培养成长型思维呢
So how can we develop the growth mindset?
培养成长型思维的第一个关键其实很简单
The first key to developing a growth mindset is actually very simple:
理解它的存在以及大脑改变的可能性
Understanding that it exists and that it’s possible for the brain to change.
神经学已经证明大脑不是固定的
Neuroscience has shown that our brains are not fixed, and,
实际上 大脑可塑性非常强
in fact, they are very malleable.
我们可以一直成长和学习新技能
We can always grow and learn new skills.
例如 一项研究发现出租车司机大脑中产生了更多的灰质
For example, a study found that taxicab drivers developed more grey matter in their brains
以帮助他们在大城市中更有效地导航
to help them navigate more effectively in large cities.
他们还发现他们大脑中的灰质数量与他们
They also found that the amount of grey matter in their brains was correlated with the number of years
当出租车司机的年数有关
that they had been working as a taxidriver.
这表明驾驶出租车的行为导致了他们大脑的变化
This suggests that the act of driving a taxi led to changes in their brains
使他们在工作中更有效率
which allowed them to be more effective at their job.
第二个关键是关注过程而不是结果
The second key is to focus on process overresults.
德维克说 我们应该赞扬他人的努力和努力过程
Dweck has said that we should praise others for their efforts and their process
而不是赞扬他们的结果
rather than praising them for their results.
例如 这样说会更好
For example, it’s better to say,
你为了考试很努力 你的努力确实得到了回报
“you studied very effectively for that test and your hard work really paid off,”
而不是说 你真聪明 你得了个A
rather than, “you’re so smart, you got an A!”
在前面的例子中
In the former example,
我们关注并赞扬学生的过程
we’re focusing in on and praising the student’s process
这是他们可以控制的
which is something that they can control.
有希望地是 他们能学会将自己和结果与这个过程联系起来
Hopefully, they’ll learn to associate themselves and their results with the process.
然而 在后面的例子里 我们表扬了那个学生
However, in the latter example we praised the student for a result
因为这个成绩最终超出了他们的控制
which is, ultimately, out of their control.
不幸的是 这个学生很可能会开始把自己与结果联系起来
Unfortunately, this student will likely begin to associate themselves with the result.
我认为非常重要的是要强调传递成长型思维给别人是不容易的
I think it’s really important to emphasize that it’s not easy to pass a growth mindset on to others.
这并不像告诉别人他们工作努力只需要付出努力那么简单
It’s not as simple as telling someone that they’re a hard-worker and that they just need to put in the effort.
他们需要内化他们可以通过改变他们的过程来改变他们的结果
They need to internalize that they can change their results by changing their process.
所以他们需要知道如何有效地创建一个过程
So they need to know how to effectively create a process,
改变它并从这个过程中产生结果
alter it, and produce results from that process.
我的解决办法是写日记
My solution to this is to keep a journal.
选择一个你想真正擅长的活动
Pick an activity that you want to get reallygood at.
比如说 我想学好数学
For example, let’s say that I want to get really good at math.
在日记里 我会记下学习数学的过程
In the journal, I would write down my process for studying mathematics.
我将会列出步骤
I would list out the steps and
并且尽可能多地对事物进行量化测量
put a quantifiable measurement to as many things as I can.
例如 我的过程可能是像这样
For example, my process might look like this:
一天复习一次笔记
* review my notes once a day,
一天10道练习题
* do 10 practice problems a day,
每周和我的数学教授见面30分钟
* and meet with my professor for 30 minutes a week.
我的过程被固化了 所有的东西都被量化了
So my process has been solidified and everything has been quantified.
现在我需要设计一个我想要的结果
Now I need to designate a result that I’m looking for;
我需要一个目标
I need a target to aim at.
比如说 我希望下次考试能得80%或更高的分数
Let’s say that I’m looking for a grade of 80 % or higher on my next exam.
当我看到成绩的时候 我把它与我的目标相比
When I get my exam mark back, I compare it to my goal.
如果更高 我知道我的方法奏效了
If it’s higher, than I know my system works.
但是我仍然可以回去改进它的一部分 看看我是否可以做得更好
But I can still go back and alter parts of it to see if I can do even better.
或者我可以试着优化它
Or I can try and optimize it.
或许我可以少花点时间看教材
Maybe I can spend less time reading the textbook,
多花时间刷题
and more time doing practice problems.
如果我的成绩低了
If my grade comes back lower,
那么我确实需要回去完善我的过程
I definitely need to go back and refine my process.
我认为这种写日记 创造过程 并且不断完善
I believe this method of keeping a journal, creating a process, and refining it
直到得到想要结果的方法将帮助培养成长型思维
until te desired outcome is achieved will help promote a growth mindset.
这使我们的注意力集中在一个多变的过程
It keeps our mind focused on a changeableprocess.
结果只是作为我们的工作过程
The results are measured and paid attention to only
的一个指标来衡量和关注的
as an indicator of how well our process works.
这个过程要么是按预想的起作用 要么不是
The process either works as intended or it doesn’t,
但这并不能说明这个人
but it says nothing of the person.
过程也总是可塑的
The process is always malleable.
这并不是说它不起作用 它只是还没起作用
It’s not that it doesn’t work, it justdoesn’t work yet.
我认为另一个好主意是向同学和老师寻求建议
I think another good idea is to seek advice from peers and teachers.
寻找那些和你处于同样位置的人
Look for those in the same position as you
或者那些已经做了你想做的事情的人
or those who have already done what you’re trying to do.
询问他们的过程 并且和你的进行对比
Ask them about their process and see how your’smeasures up.
你可能会发现他们正在做 或已经做过的事情
You might find things that they do, or have done,
你可能会把它们运用到自己的过程
that you would like to adopt into your process.
读一些关于你钦佩的人的书
Read books about people you admire.
试着找到一些关于他们的方法的细节 并且融入到你自己的方法中
Try to find details about their process that you can incorporate into your own.
最后 做有挑战性的事情
Lastly, do challenging things.
为了有机会培养成长型思维
To even have a chance of fostering the growth mindset,
你必须走出你的舒适区
you have to step outside of your comfort zone.
那些不离开舒适区的人开始相信他们的成功是天赋使然
People who don’t leave their comfort zone begin to believe that their success is due to innate talent,
因为一切对他们来说都是那么容易
because everything comes so easy to them.
例如 一个在学校里从来没有受到挑战的学生会开始相信他们天生聪明
For example, a student who is never challenged in school will begin to believe that they are innately smart.
他们可能会说“我得了A 所以我很聪明”
“I get A’s, therefore I’m smart” theymight say.
结果对他们来说太容易了他们甚至都不去想过程
The result comes so easy to them that they don’t even think about the process.
不幸的是 他们所看到的都是结果并且他们会对此产生依赖
Unfortunately, all they see is the result and they get attached to that.
不可避免地 当他们成绩不好时
When they, inevitably, get a bad grade
他们会认为自己笨
they will think that they’re dumb.
他们会因为没有得到
They lose faith in themselves
他们以往轻易得到的结果而对自己失去信心
because they didn’t get the result that they’re used to receiving so easily.
另一方面
On the other hand,
走出你的舒适区会迫使你运用成长型思维
going outside of your comfort zone forces you to adopt the growth mindset
以避免在逆境的重压下崩溃
to avoid shattering under the weight of adversity.
你必须关注和调整这个过程
You have to focus on and adjust the process,
因为你不可能在当前的过程中达到你想要的结果
because you can’t possibly achieve the result you desire with your current process.
因此 这就是走出你的舒适区的意思
By definition, that’s what it means to step out of your comfort zone.
所以现在你了解了成长思维
So now you know about the growth mindset,
知道了它重要的原因和如何培养它
why it’s important, and some ideas on how to develop it.
记住 它需要很多努力才能培养
Keep in mind that it takes a lot of effort to develop and
并且这将永远是一场避免陷入固定思维的战斗
that it’ll always be a battle to avoid falling into the fixed mindset.
人们会说 或者会发生一些事
People will say certain things or things will happen,
触发固定思维
that trigger a fixed mindset in us.
注意这种情况的发生是很重要的
It’s important to notice when this is happening
并且要避免陷入固定思维
and try to avoid getting fixed in place.
我想以卡罗尔·德韦克的话结束
I’d like to close out with this quote fromCarol Dweck,
“培养成长思维的道路是一生的旅程 不是一句宣言”
“…the path to a growth mindset is a [lifelong] journey, not a proclamation.”
正如我们所知 挑战自我很重要并且我们都应该培养成长型思维
As we already know, it’s important to challenge ourselves and all of us should develop the growth mindset.
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BRILLIANT.ORG is the perfect place for those seeking mental challenge.
Brilliant是一个旨在提高思维能力的解决问题的网站
Brilliant is a problem solving website designed to push mental capabilities.
就像你习惯了这些问题并开始发现它们很容易
Just as you get comfortable with the problems and start find them easy.
Brilliant会提高难度 所以你要不断地走出自己的舒适区
Brilliant steps up the difficulty so you constantly step outside your comfort zone.
在那我最喜欢的课程是能帮助我加强我的分析能力的逻辑
My favorite course in there is logic which helps me strengthen my analytic muscles.
我从看似显而易见的真实序列开始
I start with the true sequence which seems almost obvious,
很快融入了红眼龙的多层面思考
and quickly incorporate multi-level thinking of red-eyed dragons.
这真是一种很有趣的学习和成长的方式
It’s really fun a way to learn and to grow.
只需要登陆brillant.oge/freedom in thought
Just go to brillant.oge/freedom in thought.
或者快速点击下面的链接就能免费报名
or quickly link the description below and you can sing up for free.
作为对那些准备进一步提升自己的人的奖励
As bonus for those who are ready to push themselves even further,
前200人将享受年会优惠八折
the first 200 people will be hooked up with 20% off an annual subscription.
感谢观看 下次再会
As always, thanks for watching and I will see you next time.

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视频概述

讲述什么是成长型思维 成长型思维重要的原因 以及如何培养成长型思维

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

子岚

审核员

审核员 GK

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qjBdcyueom8

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