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学校不教的一件重要的事

The Most Important Thing School Never Taught You

实用智慧博物馆
THE MUSEUM OF PRACTICAL WISDOM
前500名点击简介中链接的人
The first 500 people to click the link in description
将获得“技能分享”两个月的免费体验
are going to get a free two-mon trial to Skillshare
在这里你将容易地学习创建你的“油管”频道或者业务
where you can easily learn to start your own YouTube channel, or bussiness.
人类优于其他物种的主要优势
The major advantage that humans have over every other species
在于我们理性思考的能力
is our ability to think rationally.
这种能力允许我们去建造城市 汽车 电脑
It’s allowed us to build cities cars computers
让自然屈服于我们的意志
and essentially bend nature to our will.
我们思考的品质决定了我们未来的品质
The quality with which we think determines the quality of our future
不可否认的是有品质的思考者是具有批判性思维的人
It’s undeniable quality thinkers are critical thinkers.
在我的上一篇文章中你可能已经看到了
In my last essay you may have seen that
在大学最初的两年后
after the first two years of college
45%的学生在批判性思维方面没有提升
45% of students showed no gains in critical thinking.
这几乎占一半
45 % that’s almost half.
这是令人震惊的因为也是它使我们的城市如此强大
It’s frightening because the same system that made our cities so powerful.
学校逐渐成为一个学生的教条系统
School is now becoming a system of indoctrination for our young.
我们未来的品质取决于我们的思考者的品质
The quality of our future is defined by the quality of our thinkers.
我们的思考者的质量取决于他们批判性思维的质量
The quality of our thinkers is determined by their abilities to think critically.
在我们深入探讨批判性思维之前
Before we can dive deeper critical thinking,
我们需要讨论一下理性思维
we need to discuss rational thinking.
我们定义理性思维是一种完全理性的存在 它是不可能存在的
So let’s define rational thinking a perfectly rational being which doesn’t exist.
完全通过逻辑数据和外显证据来做决定
Makes decisions purely based on logic data and empirical evidence.
让我们假定它是有意识思维的最高形式
Let’s assume that it’s the highest form of conscious thought.
批判性思维可以看作通向理性思维的必经阶段
Critical thinking can be seen as a necessary step towards perfectly rational thinking.
批判性思维者主动进攻式思考
A critical thinker thinks offensively.
他们主动进行自己的学习和理解
They take active ownership of their learning and understanding.
就像健美运动员在体育馆发现栖息地一样
Just as a bodybuilder finds a natural habitat in the gym,
批判性思维者在精神紧张中发现乐趣
the critical thinker finds enjoyment in mental strain.
他们知道艰难的心理锻炼将锻炼自己理性思考的能力
They know a tough mental workout will strengthen their ability to think rationally.
消极思考者被动防守式思考
A passive thinker thinks defensively
我怎么才能融入?怎样才能让人们接受我?
how can I fit in? what will make people accept me?
怎样才能通过这次考试?
What will help me pass this test?
他们拒绝精神紧张并且把艰难的思考推给他人
They avoid mental strain and outsource the difficult thinking to others.
他们想要专业的观点而不是形成他们自己的
They default on the opinion of experts Instead of forming their own.
批判性思考者系统地思考
A critical thinker thinks in terms of systems
但是消极思考者从结果出发 他们会问
But a passive thinker thinks in terms of goals the passive thinker asks
怎样才能在这次短文中拿A呢?而批判性思考者会问
what will get me an A on this essay? The critical thinker asks
一份优秀的散文的特征是什么
what are the traits of an excellent essay.
这两者的结果是一样的
The end result for both is the same.
表面上完美的结果 这两条路可能看起来一样
A perfect grade on the surface the two paths may seem the same
其实不然
But they’re not.
批判性思考者形成了一个不同的人能在不同情境
The critical thinker formed a system that can reproduce the same result
创造相同结果的系统
in multiple situations for various people.
但消极思考者只能在一个具体情境下达到这个结果
But the passive thinker achieves the result in a specific scenario
消极思考的人专注于输出
The passive thinker is focused on outputs
而批判性思考的人专注于输入
while the critical thinker is focused on inputs
这是很微妙的 但是在个性方面却又大不相同
This is a very subtle, but important difference in character
所以习惯性地批判思考相比他人有什么益处
So what benefits do habitually critical thinkers obtain over others?
第一 他们擅长做决定
Firstly, they’re better at decision making.
而批判性思考的人不太可能在没有对手头信息清楚理解的情况下
Critical thinkers are less likely to make sudden judgments
做出快速判断
without a clear understanding of the information at hand
因此他们不太可能做出不合理的
As a result, they’re less likely to make irrational
和情绪化的决定 或者被别人操纵
and emotional decisions or be manipulated by others.
第二 他们更具有同理心
Secondy, they’re more empathetic
批判性思考者理解 我们都拥有自己的独一无二的世界
Critical thinkers understand that we all have our own unique view of the world
在他们尝试站在他人的立场去理解他们怎么看待这个世界之前
They avoid judging others until they have attempted
不随意评价他们
to step into their shoes and try to understand how they see the world
这种能力帮助他们缓解紧张情境和劝服方法
This ability helps them diffuse tense situation and aids in persuasion
这是对于大领导和团队的重要技能
It’s an essential skill for any great leader or teammate
批判性思考者是深度学习者
Critical thinkers are deeper learners.
他们不知为不知
When they don’t know something critical thinkers admit that they don’t know.
只谈论自己已经主动研究过的话题
They only speak on topics that they have actively studied for themselves
最后 批判性思考者更具创造性
and lastly critical thinkers are more creative.
没有批判性思维创造力将不存在
Without critical thinking creativity would not exist.
如果创造力是指创造出新颖的事物
If creativity is the creation of something original
那么批判性思维是这个食谱中的重要部分
then critical thinking is a crucial part of the recipe.
批判性思考者拒绝盲目接受他人的观点和价值观
Critical thinkers refuse to blindly accept the ideas and values of others
这将带来新的观点
which results in the generation of new ideas.
所以批判性思维是重要且有有益的
So critical thinking is important and beneficial,
但是怎样才能成为一个批判性思考者呢
but how does one become a critical thinker?
这是我们将在下一个视频中探讨的问题
That’s what we’ll discuss in the next video.
感谢“技能分享” 前500名点击简介中链接的人
Thanks to skill share the first 500 people to click the link in the description are going to
将获得有利的开端并使自己的爱好拿到一份全职工作
get a head start and making their passion a full-time job
无论是的成功创建你的油管频道或业务
whether that’s potentially creating your own successful YouTube channel
还是成为摄影和视频制作话题的专家
business or even becoming an expert under the topics
“技能分享”将全部覆盖
of photography writing or videography SKILLSHARE has got you covered
有人会问我是如何制作这些视频的
one of the most common questions I’m asked is how I make these videos and
答案就是我使用了软件Adobe Illustrator来创建我的组件
and the answer is I use a software called Adobe Illustrator to create my assets
然后使用了Affter Effects来将这些组件创建成动画
and then I use a software called After Effects to animate it all together.
这些都是非常强大的工具
These are immensely powerful tools
可使最难的项目成为现实
that can make even the most ambitious projects a reality.
但是它们的学习过程都非常曲折
But they come with a pretty steep learning curve.
技术分享网有成千上万种课程来帮助你学习一项新技能
Skillshare has thousands of courses designed to help you learn a new skill.
通过一个易于学习的教程来创建你的“油管”频道
Learn to start your own YouTube channel with an easy-to-follow course
比如 After Effects入门或者illustrator入门
like After Effects for beginners or illustrator for beginners
不论它是学校项目 商业冒险或者
Whether it’s a school project a business venture or
甚至是创建你自己的“油管”频道 这些都是很棒的教程
even starting your own YouTube channel
将会给你带来完美的有利开端
these great tutorials will give you the perfect head start.
再说一次 前500名点击以下链接签到的人
Again the first 500 is sign with the link below
将获得两个月的免费学习时间
We’ll get two months of learning for free
此后每个月只需10美元
after that is just $ 10 per month
感谢技术分享网的支持
Thanks to skillshare for the support
感谢所有对本频道提供帮助的人
and to all those helping the channel

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视频概述

45%的人不会

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

胡萝北

审核员

审核员SX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7C51N1jQoUE

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