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世界上最危险的玩具 – 译学馆
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世界上最危险的玩具

The Most Dangerous Toy in the World

如果你在谷歌搜索“世界上最危险的玩具”
If you were to Google theworld’s most dangerous toy,
在你的屏幕上会跳出这个答案:
this is actually what willpop up on your screen:
AC Gilbert原子能实验室套装
the Atomic Energy Lab Kit by A.C. Gilbert.
这是因为它包含三种放射物
It’s because it comes withthree sources of radiation
和四种也有放射性的铀矿石
and four uranium oresthat are also radioactive.
我是Voula Saridakis
My name is Voula Saridakis.
我现在是芝加哥科学工业博物馆的馆长
I’m a curator here at theMuseum of Science and Industry in Chicago
现在 AC Gilbert和制作者宣称
Now,A.C. Gilbert claimed,and the makers claimed,
它没有任何的危险
that there was nothing dangerous about it.
它只发出非常非常低的辐射
It really did emit very, verylow amounts of radiation.
但是我仍不鼓励孩子们
But I probably wouldnot encourage children
整天把这些东西放在身边
to hold these samples nextto their body all day long.
它看起来像一个可爱的红色纸盒子
It looks like a lovelylittle red paper suitcase
用蛇皮做的(当然不是蛇皮)盒子表面
with snakeskin (it’s not snakeskin) on the outside of the box.
当你打开它时
And when you open it
会看到这张可爱的照片
you see this lovely picture
照片里有一位男孩在使用威尔逊云室
of a young man who is workingthe Wilson cloud chamber.
这张照片来自一本指导手册
It comes with an instruction booklet,
一本叫《Dagwood如何分裂原子》的漫画书
the comic book HowDagwood Splits the Atom,
并且在《如何发现铀》这本书上也有
and it comes with a book on how to prospect uranium as well.
你可以用自己的盖氏计量器来做这个实验
You could use your own Geiger counter to do that,
因为这个装备有
because the kit comes with
自己的盖式计量器和电池
its very own Geigercounter, with batteries,
并且有几个橡皮球
and it also comes with these rubber balls
有红色和绿色的 配有一些小棒
that are red and green with little rods
你可以制作自己的阿尔法粒子模型
so that you can build yourown models of alpha particles.
你组装的威尔森云室
the Wilson cloud chamber which you assemble
可以用来观察阿尔法粒子的蒸汽轨迹
so that you could actually see the vapor trails of alpha particles.
这个闪烁镜是一个装有透镜的管子
The spinthariscope,just a tube with a lens,
你可以用它观察
so you look through it
就能看到所谓的闪烁现象
and you can actually see what’s called scintillations
而这其实只是阿尔法衰变
which is basically alpha decay.
套装里面还有验电器
It also comes with an electroscope.
里面装有刻度盘和指示器
It has a scale and indicator inside of it,
你可以通过管子看到
and you look through thetube and you can actually see
来自所用粒子源的电离辐射
how much ionization radiation comes from the particular source that you’re using.
你可以选择阿尔法源 贝塔源或是伽马源
And you can use either thealpha, beta, or gamma sources,
也可以使用套装中四块铀矿石中的一块
or you can use one ofthe four uranium ores that come with the kit.
他们只生产了5000套
They made fewer than 5,000 of these units.
都是在1950到1951年生产的 销售情况很差
They were only made in 1950 and 1951, and they sold poorly.
两年之后 他们就停产了
They were discontinuedafter only two years.
而原因并不是
And the reason for that is not
担心放射问题
because of any radioactivity concerns,
而是它昂贵的售价 每套要50美元
but rather because it wasexpensive. It was $50,
而在1950年 50美元相当于
and in 1950, $50 is the equivalent
现在水平的520美元
of about $520 by today’s standards.
那就相当贵了
And that’s pretty expensive.
它就像一个科技的黑匣子
It’s like a black box ofscience and technology,
但打开它才发现是一个潘多拉魔盒
but then you open it like Pandora’s box
你开始玩
and then you play with it
但后来才意识到
and then you realize later on down the road
这套装置可能隐藏着风险
that there might be somehidden dangers there.

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视频概述

一套可以观测放射现象的玩具套装

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

李哲恒

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zeyoJGqKbOQ

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