In 1950, an article was published in multiple American newspapers
highlighting numerous unexplained disappearances
between the coast of Florida and the island of Bermuda.
The article details five separate incidents over the previous half-decade,
in which 1 boat, 9 planes, and some 135 civilians and crewmen
其中一艘船 九架飞机 135名乘客
vanished without a trace.
It was the first time this particular region of the ocean
was suspected of being abnormally prone to nautical vanishments.
But as the author failed to provide a cause for this alleged abnormality,
a provocative mystery was born.
In 1952, a magazine specializing in the paranormal,
outlined the region of interest as a triangle
between the US state of Florida as well
as the two islands of Puerto Rico and Bermuda.
If this triangular shape seems almost arbitrarily selected,
it’s because it was,
the author makes no attempt to justify their selection of this shape.
Once this idea of an enigmatic triangle had been thrust upon the world,
its eventual name was inevitable.
A 1964 issue of the American pulp fiction magazine
Argosy featured a cover with the caption
Lost In The Bemuda Triangle
The article inside covers many of the same vanishments as the previous two,
but with a severely embellished narrative,
complete with fictitious quotes and alarming suppositions,
which is exactly what you’d expect from a magazine predominantly about “fiction”.
few would suppose a magazine, with a sensational cover like this,
to supply them with a scientifically sound and comprehensively researched analysis.
And why would you?
Argosy was targeting a very specific crowd
Those who seek to be entertained by mysteries,
not those who seek to understand them.
The Bermuda Triangle is, and has always been,
a mystery for mysteries sake,
the very definition of a legend.
One of the oldest stories said
to exemplify the mysterious qualities of The Bermuda Triangle
is that of the first transatlantic voyage
by Christopher Columbus in 1492.
Three events are said to be of note:
the crew observed a fireball of some kind,
their compasses inexplicably malfunctioned,
and a strange light seemed to be suspended above the ocean surface.
The fireball was more precisely described as:
“A marvelous branch of fire [that fell] from the sky into the sea.”
While invoking aliens and UFOs
would certainly be more exciting,
there’s really no need as
a meteor would be more than qualified to to account for that description.
In fact shooting stars are the most common in September
due to the orbit and the tilt of the earth
and this sighting occurred on September the 15th.
On September the 17th the crew noticed
their compasses misaligned with the North Star.
This was certainly alarming at the time
but we’ve since learned that
this is due to an effect known as magnetic declination.
In short, the needle in a compass aligns with magnetic north,
while the North Star aligns with true north.
More importantly however,
neither of these two events occurred anywhere near The Bermuda Triangle
but in the middle of the North Atlantic.
A fact that many seem to conveniently disregard.
The strange light was indeed sighted within the confines of The Triangle.
Columbus described the light as: “A small wax candle that rose and lifted up.”
But he also believed it to be an indication of land
and never described it as inexplicable.
In fact mere hours after observing the light,
a crewman first caught sight of the American continent,
supporting Columbus’s suspicion that the light emanated from a nearby landmass.
Perhaps a torch or bonfire by the indigenous population.
As should be evident by now,
this is all very mysterious as long as you refrain from looking
beneath the surface.
– 447149… – Jack, tell me something,
– 447149… – 杰克 告诉我
What’s the hell is happening here?
It’s flight number 19.
– 19, what? – It’s the training mission
– 他们怎么了 – 是常规训练
from the Naval Air Station in Fort Lauderdale.
Who flies race like this anymore?
No one, this plane was reported missing in 1945.
Flight 19, featured here in Close Encounters of the Third Kind,
is possibly the most famous disappearance
connected to the Bermuda Triangle.
Some would argue it is the catalyst for the entire phenomenon.
The story goes like this.
On the 5th of December, 1945,
a squadron of five planes departed
a Naval Air Station in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
It was a routine navigation exercise
that should not have posed a problem for these
14 experienced pilots and crewmen.
Some two hours into the exercise,
the squadron was supposed to be heading back
when the pilot of the leading plane reported that
he’d become disoriented as both of his compasses were malfunctioning.
Multiple stations maintained sporadic contact with Flight 19
attempting to determine their current location
with little to no success.
Communications between the five planes were also intercepted
and they could be heard arguing
over directions and bearings.
As the minutes passed,
the signal between the towers and Flight 19 gradually weakened
and it became increasingly difficult to maintain a stable line of communication.
Roughly four hours after takeoff,
Navy personnel was able to approximate the flight’s current location
at some 200 km north of their intended flight path.
A flying boat, with designation ST-49,
was consequently dispatched to this location
but after a routine transmission
it inexplicably disappeared.
Five hours after takeoff,
a final transmission was intercepted.
It was simply a failed attempt
by one plane to contact another.
and Flight 19 was never seen or heard from again.
It sure sounds mysterious
but I suspect the devil is not in the ocean
but in the details.
The five planes were piloted by four students
and one flight instructor named Charles Taylor.
Upon departure, one of the students assumed the role of flight leader,
while Taylor merely acted as a supervisor.
After turning North towards the island of Grand Bahama,
Taylor believed the student to be guiding them in the wrong direction
so he assumed command of the flight.
As you read the radio logs and testimonies by Navy personnel,
it becomes evident that Taylor confused
the islands in the Bahamas for the islands in the Florida Keys.
He was heard saying:
Both my compasses are out,
and I am trying to find Fort Lauderdale,
I am over land but it’s broken.
I’m sure I’m in the Keys
but I don’t know how far down
and I don’t know how to get to Fort Lauderdale.
In other words, he confused his actual position for this position.
This may be hard to accept
as Taylor was an experienced pilot
But then consider this,
Taylor had previously been stationed as a flight instructor
at the Naval Air Station in Miami
and training exercises launched from Miami
took place over the Florida Keys.
Prior to that, he’d been stationed at Key West in the Florida Keys.
So it’s entirely possible
that Flight 19 was Taylor’s first time
flying this route over the Bahamas.
Something that further supports this theory is
that Taylor initially identified himself as MT-28
standing for Miami Torpedo Bomber 28.
His correct ID was FT-28
for Fort Lauderdale.
This growing confusion of what he knew from experience
and what he saw outside his windows
is likely why he came to distrust his instruments
as it’s highly unlikely that both his compasses malfunctioned simultaneously.
As Taylor thought he was in the Keys,
he continued flying north in an attempt to reach land,
but this had the opposite effect
of taking them further out to sea.
He was also disincentivized from turning west
as from Taylors perspective
that would’ve taken them into the Gulf of Mexico.
In reality, turning west would have saved their lives.
Meanwhile the weather was getting worse,
the sun was setting, visibility was poor,
and the sea grew increasingly violent.
The logs reveal how truly desperate the situation became.
At one point Taylor informed his students:
Fly [in] close formation
[and] when one plane drops to ten gallons of gas
all planes will land together.
Suggesting that even in the event of a crash,
they would remain as a group.
He later continued:
I suggest we fly due east until we run out of gas.
We have a better chance of being picked up close to shore.
At this point they’re flying away
from the coast out towards the open ocean.
Some of the last discernible messages reads:
Have to land on water unless landfall.
We may have to ditch any minute.
Then there’s the flying boat ST-49.
ST-49 was initially scheduled for a night navigation exercise,
when upon getting a fix on the location of Flight 19,
it was diverted into a search and rescue mission.
After a routine departure transmission it was never heard from again.
But it was likely seen again.
23 minutes after ST-49 took off,
a ship reported seeing a plane catch fire and explode
upon impact with the ocean.
The resulting inferno continued for several minutes
with flames rising some 30 meters above the ocean surface.
Once the ship reached the location of the explosion,
it found debris and a pool of oil,
but no survivors.
Yet another ship equipped with radar
observed as a plane vanished from the screen
at the exact same time the explosion was sighted,
while an explosion is certainly surprising.
Given that preflight checks revealed nothing of note,
the plane had”went aground”
due to a malfunctioning engine the day before.
What exactly”went aground” entails is not elaborated upon
but it did all inspection of the plane’s hull
Some Navy personnel immediately presumed the reported explosion
was linked to the missing ST-49.
Despite a systematic and week-long search,
involving tens of ships and hundreds of planes,
nothing and no one was ever found.
Though multiple planes and ships
did report sightings of flares and various debris,
all available evidence suggest
that Flight 19 crashed into the ocean
once they ran out of fuel,
while ST-49 combusted and exploded,
possibly due to a malfunctioning engine.
The 6 planes and all 27 airmen aboard
sank into the ocean,
leaving no trace behind.
But not every incident can be so thoroughly explained.
On the 17th of January 1949,
a plane known as the Star Ariel
departed Bermuda from Kingston, Jamaica
An hour into the flight,
the pilot made a routine transmission
with no indication of alarm
but the plane was never seen or heard from again.
There was no evidence of a crash
and no distress call had been transceived,
the weather was excellent for the entire duration of the flight,
the pilot and his crew was highly experienced
and had flown this specific route many times before,
and the plane was in working condition prior to departure.
A succeeding investigation failed to determine a probable cause
due to a lack of evidence.
But what makes this even more mysterious is
that a sister plane known as the Star Tiger
had vanished under similar circumstances the year before.
On January the 30th, 1948,
the Star Tiger disappeared while approaching Bermuda from the east.
The pilot and the rest of the crew where highly experienced
but the weather was not ideal
with strong winds and heavy rain.
The strong winds had blown the plane off course
just an hour before their last transmission
and they where never seen or heard from again.
The succeeding investigation concluded:
In closing this report it may truly be said
that no more baffling problem has ever been presented for investigation.
What happened in this case will never be known
and the fate of Star Tiger must remain an unsolved mystery.
But even in information deprived cases like these
Natural explanations do exist.
For example, the accident report of the Star Tiger revealed
that the plane had been poorly maintained
and known defects remained unrectified.
Subsequent investigations also found
that this particular type of airplane had a heater in the cabin
that was prone to malfunction
and due to poor design
there was a chance of combustion and explosion.
Two pilots experienced with this type of aircraft
believed this was a real possibility
and one of them stated:
My theory is that hydraulic vapor escaped from a leak,
which got on to a hot heater
caused an explosion.
Perhaps one of the most mysterious incidents is
that of the five-masted sailing vessel Carroll A. Deering.
On January the 9th, 1921,
the Deering departed the island of Barbados
and set sail for Norfolk, Virginia.
Less than 3 weeks later,
the ship was sighted by a lightship
near the coast of North Carolina
and the lightship’s engineer took this photograph
as she passed by.
The person at the helm of the Deering hailed the lightship
and used a megaphone to inform them
that they had lost both their anchors.
The ship then progressed up the coast towards Norfolk
but she never arrived.
Two days after the sighting by the lightship keepers
the Deering was located by the Coast Guard.
The ship had run aground in an area
known as the Diamond Shoals
and appeared to have been abandoned.
This was confirmed once the ship was boarded a few days later,
and the ship’s log, the crew’s personal belongings,
key navigational equipment, various documents, two life boats,
主要导航仪器 各种文件 两艘救生船
as well as the ship’s two anchors where found to be missing.
Furthermore, the steering wheel and other equipment
also appeared to have been intentionally destroyed with a sledgehammer.
There was no sign of the 11 crewman
and they have never been seen or heard from since.
A few months later,
a man named Christopher Columbus Gray discovered
a message in a bottle not far from the wreckage
and it reads as follows:
Deering captured by oil burning ship,
something like a chaser.
Taking off everything,
Crew hiding all over ship.
No chance of escape.
Finder, please notify headquarters of Deering.
The message was perceived to be genuine and
thus it was presumed that the crew of the Carroll A. Deering
had fallen victim to piracy.
But then a few months after that,
handwriting experts proved
that Gray himself had written the message
and that the entire thing was a hoax.
But Gray may not have been too far off
as there is evidence to suggest that a mutiny took place.
The US State Department issued a statement
that the time in which they route,
there is every suspicion of foul play.
First of all, the person who hailed the lightship was not the captain.
He was described by the lightship keeper as a red-headed man
with a Scandinavian accent.
So me without a soul.
While this description could not have been that of the captain,
it was descriptive of the other crewmen,
most of which were Danes.
Which course, only strengthens the possibility of mutiny.
Secondly, later investigations found
that the relationship between the captain and the crew
was strenuous at best.
Prior to departing Barbados,
both the captain and the first mate spoke ill of each other
and the captain was concerned that the crew might turn on him.
The first mate had also requested a ship of his own
and when this request was denied,
he boasted that he would “get the captain”
before they reached their destination.
The first mate was subsequently arrested because of this
but was later bailed out by the captain himself
who forgave him for what he’d said.
So there’s plenty of evidence to suspect a mutiny.
Nevertheless, this can not fully explain
why the ship was subsequently abandoned
or why the crew disappeared so completely.
But it gets even stranger.
Soon after the Deering had passed the lightship,
yet another vessel appeared,
It was a large steamship painted black
roughly sailing in the wake of the Deering.
When the lightship hailed the vessel,
not only was the hail ignored
but the crewmen unfurled a canvas
to cover the ship’s nameplate before speeding away.
Some have speculated that
this could’ve been the American steamship SS Hewitt
that vanished around the same time
but unless further evidence can be unraveled
there is no way to know.
So perhaps Gray was unintentionally correct,
perhaps the mysterious vessel
who was indeed a pirate ship chasing down the Deering
or perhaps the crew conspired to commit mutiny.
In either case, numerous elements are at best difficult to explain.
To conclude this video I’d like to talk about the Triangle itself.
If The Bermuda Triangle was anything but a legend,
why is it not marked on publicly available maps and nautical charts?
If the US Coast Guard is so concerned with the safety of others,
don’t you think they have a responsibility
to warn the populous about this abnormally dangerous region of the ocean?
Yet they and every other relevant authority
willfully allow hundreds of ships and planes
to sail and fly through the region every single day
without as much as a warning.
If we need a sign for wet floors,
a sign for imminent death
by supernatural forces seems justifiable.
After all the region that is
the Bermuda Triangle is a highly trafficked region of the ocean.
Now one could argue that more traffic equals more accidents,
thus more vanishments,
but that would almost make a bit too much sense.
One of the articles I showcased at the beginning of the video
concludes with this open-ended question:
Will somebody please come up with an explanation,
or even suggestion as to just
where all these planes, ships, and possibly submarines, did go?
I’m gonna take a wild stab at this and say the ocean.
The ships and planes, and possibly submarines,
sank into the depth of the ocean.
Georgie – Did they float?
No, they sink.
I don’t know what to tell you but a catastrophe at sea
and buoyancy are just not the best of friends.
Besides, do you really want to listen to a clown
in a sewer drain over the physical laws of reality itself?
Pennywise – Oh yes!
They float, Georgie.
Okay, I may be overtly facetious at this point
好吧 在这点上 我在开玩笑
but the absurdity of this phenomenon
is also what makes it so fascinating to me.
Despite my best efforts I’ve been totally unsuccessful in my attempts to understand
what exactly constitutes as a Bermuda Triangle disappearance.
How does one know
when to attribute a missing craft to the Bermuda Triangle?
It sounds like, and it truly should be
an easy question to answer,
but it is anything.
But in some cases, such as in the case of Flight 19,
the incident occurred within the general confines of the triangle
but Flight 19 is an exception.
Most vanishments occur
when the route of a plane or ship simply overlap the triangle.
In 1963 a ship known as the SS Marine Sulphur Queen
departed a harbor in Beaumont, Texas,
heading for Norfolk, Virginia.
Her last known location was here
but then she just vanished
as if sinking into some inexplicable abyss.
Her disappearance is blamed on the powers of the triangle
despite the fact that the ship is just as likely
to have disappeared in the Gulf of Mexico.
In fact, the Coast Guard believes
she disappeared just before reaching the Florida Keys
but what do they know.
In 1954 a plane disappeared while traveling
between the US state of Maryland and the Azores.
It is said to be a victim of the Bermuda Triangle
despite being outside its boundaries.
It’s even more embarrassing
in the case of the aforementioned Carroll A. Deering
as she safely traversed the entire Bermuda Triangle
only to go on hocus-pocus while she cleared it
Proponents will often justify these inclusions
by invoking arguments of adjacent regions.
In other words,
disappearances in close proximity of the triangle
should be considered part of the triangle.
Okay, but how far do these adjacent regions extend?
Is the Gulf of Mexico an adjacent region?
The Caribbean Sea?
The coast of Brazil?
The coast of Nova Scotia?
The entire North Atlantic perhaps?
If that’s the case,
why even bother with a triangle to begin with?
I’ve compiled a list of some 40 disappearances
said to be connected to the Bermuda Triangle
and if they are all to be included,
I think we need a bigger triangle.
If anything, the true mystery behind The Bermuda Triangle
is why people so adamantly insist upon it being mysterious.
As far as I can tell,
there is nothing uniquely conspicuous about this location
as compared to the rest of the ocean.
Ships and planes vanishing without a trace
is unfortunately quite common
and certainly not limited to a corner of the North Atlantic Ocean.
The amount of vanishments in a given area
is largely dependent on factors
such as the amount of traffic,
the frequency of adverse meteorological phenomena,
and the presence of powerful oceanic currents.
The Bermuda Triangle ticks all three boxes.
There’s a ton of traffic,
it is frequently invaded by hurricanes and storms,
and it is intersected by the Gulf Stream.
But I have to say the most crucial flaw
of this alleged enigma is the variation.
The fundamental aspect of the Bermuda Triangle
is that these incidents can, somehow, be correlated
yet each disappearance could not be more different.
Some vanishments occur during a storm,
some when the sky is clear.
Some when the sea is turbulent,
some when the sea is clam.
Some during the day, some during the night.
Probable causes include mechanical failure, explosions,
human error, sabotage, fuel starvation,
人员失误 蓄意破坏 缺少燃油
inexperience, piracy, mutiny, etc.
缺乏经验 遭遇海盗 船员暴动等
Some ships and planes are brand new,
some are many decades old.
Some are extremely large, some are tiny.
Bodies, debris, and wreckage can at times be recovered,
有时 能找到人员尸首 残骸 和碎片
other times it can not.
A distress signal is sometimes transceived, sometimes it is not.
有时 能收到求救信息 有时又毫无音讯
It involves every type of vessel and every type of aircraft.
They can be traveling at any speed, in any direction,
at any altitude, with any number of passengers,
for any amount of time, for any reason.
Whatever this mysterious force is,
it is certainly not selective
about what, when, or how it strikes.
In 1950, an article was published in multiple American newspapers