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六分钟了解圣经主题6:律法 – 译学馆
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The Law

You’re most likely familiar with the Ten Commandments in the Bible stuff we
不可杀人 不可偷窃 尊重你的父母等等
generally take as good advice don’t murder, don’t steal, honor your parents the list
然而十诫只是总则 实际上 圣经前五卷
goes on and those are just the first 10 they’re actually a total of six hundred
共613条细则 都是给古以色列人的
and thirteen commands all given to ancient Israel found in the first five
在希伯来文里 这被称为妥拉
books of the Bible which in hebrew are called the torah now the word Torah is
usually translated in english as the law because it has all of these laws in it
读这些律法时 你会想知道 挑着遵守还是全都遵守呢
as you read through them you wonder am I supposed to obey some of these all of these
还有就是 其用意何在 这个翻译多少有点令人困惑
and what’s the purpose of the law well that translation is kind of confusing
虽然妥拉里有律法 但这本书本身却是一个关于
because while the torah has laws in it the book itself is fundamentally a story
about how God is creating new kinds of people who are fully able to love God
讲到妥拉 耶稣说 他正使故事成为现实
and love others and when Jesus taught about the torah he said he was bringing that
大体给我讲讲这个故事 以及它如何实现的
story to its fulfillment. So walk me through the story and how it’s fulfilled. So the
story begins with God creating humanity who rebels and God chooses Abraham to bless
all of the nations through his family who end up in slavery down in Egypt and so
然后上帝拯救了以色列人 并在西奈山 跟他们立约
God rescues them then at Mount Sinai God makes a covenant with Israel like an agreement
and all the laws that Moses gives to Israel are the terms of that agreement
they’re like a constitution. So some of the laws they are about rituals and customs
that set Israel apart from the nation other laws are about social justice or
以色列人通过遵从这些 向其他民族展示上帝是什么样
morality and by following these Israel would show the other nations what God is
like. Okay so the rest of the Torah is just the complete list of laws that Moses
不 妥拉的其余部分只是延续了这个故事
gives Israel? No, the rest of the Torah just continues the story and the six
hundred and thirteen commands are only a selection from that original
甚至这些都被打散 并放到故事的要点中
Constitution and even these have been broken up and placed at strategic points
现在请注意 你将会看到清晰地看到
within the story now pay attention because you’ll see a really clear
pattern Moses gives the first laws to Israel. Don’t worship other gods and don’t make idols and
之后不久 发生了以色列人打破律法崇拜金牛犊的故事
then right after that there’s a story of Israel breaking those very laws they
worship the golden calf and so Moses gives some more laws and then you get
然后你会看到更多反叛的故事接着又看到更多律法 更多反叛
more stories of rebellion. Some more laws, rebellion again, more laws more
rebellion and you start to see the point right no matter how many laws they’re
他们都会继续反叛所以 在妥拉故事的结尾
just gonna continue to rebel. So at the conclusion of the torah’s story of
Moses gives this final speech to Israel as they prepared to go into their new
他跟他们说 “我知道你们不会遵从上帝的所有律法
home and he tells them you guys I know that you’re not going to follow all of
God’s laws you’ve proven to me that you’re incapable and Moses says the
摩西觉得 问题在于 他们的心太硬
problem is that the hearts too hard and that they’re going to need to
若要真诚地遵从上帝的律法 他们必需改变这点
transformed hearts if they’re ever going to truly follow God’s law and he was
他是对的 故事接着就讲述了以色列人的彻底失败
right to me the story goes on to recount Israel’s total failure. They go into the
他们进入这片地后 就打破了所有律法
land they break all the laws. Right now the next section of books in the Jewish
tradition are the fifteen books of the Prophets and they reflect back on the
他们回顾了以西结的故事他说 如果要以色列人遵从律法
story for example Ezekiel he said that if Israel is ever going to obey the law
God’s Spirit would have to transform their hard hearts into soft hearts and
耶利米说 遵从上帝的命令时
Jeremiah said that’s when obedience to God’s commands
他们不会觉得 自己的责任是书于心灵深处的
wouldn’t feel like a duty that they would be written deep in their hearts
以赛亚承诺 未来的领袖 以色列的救世主
and Isaiah he promised a future leader Israel’s Messiah who will lead all of
the people in obedience to the law. Now in Jewish tradition all of these books
所有这些书都被称为先知 甚至是历史书
together are called the prophets even historical books because they’re
因为他们仍从先知的角度继续故事 好了
continuing the story told from the perspective of the prophets ok so we have
我们有了律法和先知他们讲述了一个 上帝希望通过一群人
the law and the prophets and they’re telling one connected story about God’s desire to
bless the whole world through a people Israel who it turns out needs a new
heart yes and Jesus saw himself as continuing that story so he agreed with
他认同律法和先知 他教会我们这是出于人类的内心中最丑陋的部分
the law and the prophets when he taught that it’s out of the human heart that
come the most ugly parts of human nature is like the default setting of our
hearts is opposed to God’s law but Jesus also said that he came to solve that problem
并用他的话来践行律法 那么按他的意思是怎样践行律法的呢
and in his words to fulfill the law. So what does he mean there to fulfill the law? Well, first he said
首先 他说妥拉中所有律法的要求都可通过“伟大的命令”
that the demand of all of the laws in the Torah could be fulfilled by what he
即 我们要爱上帝 爱他人来履行 看起来很容易
called the great command, that we are to love God and love others. So that seems pretty easy
我是说 我们都想要爱好吧 我们认为我们都想要爱
I mean we all want to love. Well, we think we want to love, but Jesus showed how love this far more
demanding than we realize.
所以他引用了律法“不可杀人”然后他说 不杀是为忠诚
So he quotes the law do not murder and he says yes not killing someone is very
但他也说 当你不尊重别人或怨恨他们时
loving thing to do, but then he also says that when you treat someone with
disrespect or when you nurse resentment against them you’re also violating God’s
因为你没有用爱对待人 所以耶稣说
moral ideal because you’re not treating that person with love. So Jesus said true love
真爱甚至是要爱我们的敌人 即使这些要求看起来非常简单
ought to extend even to our own enemies so even though this command seems very
simple Jesus showed how our hearts are not currently equipped to fulfill even this
basic command of God to love others. And that’s kind of a downer. But where Israel
所以耶稣带来的故事中 以色列人没有履行
failed Jesus brought the story to it’s fulfillment as Israel’s Messiah he fully loved
作为以色列救世主 他完全爱着上帝和他人他向万民展示了上帝是什么样的
God and others and he showed all of the nation’s what God is truly like. He did
this through his acts of compassion and mercy and ultimately by loving his
来爱他的敌人 直至死去并在复活后告诉其追随者
enemies even unto death and after his resurrection he told his followers that
he would send God’s Spirit to transform their hearts so that they could follow
实现律法的目的 爱上帝并爱他们的邻人
him and fulfill the purpose of the law to love God and to love their neighbor. So
这就履行了律法和先知的故事 或者
this fulfills the story of the law and the prophets. Or, in the words of the
用使徒保罗的话来说就是 爱履行了律法
Apostle Paul the one who loves fulfills the law. This video was made possible by
over 1,300 people who chipped in and most of those are monthly givers to the
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