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Here at Half as Interesting,
we take a firm stance against assault, arson, kidnapping,
我们立场坚定地反对袭击 纵火 绑架
adults napping on subway benches, pickles,
slow walkers, referring to travelators as moving walkways
people using the iPhone alarm sound as their ringtone
the under toiler paper orientation,
wind faster than 15 miles per hour, murder, mosquitos,
和速度超过每小时15英里的大风 谋杀 蚊虫
referring to personal flotation devices as life jackets, Bombardier CRJ200’s, square earthers,
以及个人漂浮装置比如救生衣 庞巴迪CRJ200 地球球形学说
3D movies, crocs,
the lack of video editing function on YouTube, under-hydration,
Well, maybe I should be more specific.
Here at Half as Interesting,
we don’t condone stealing when it’s illegal.
When stealing is legal, on the other hand,
I mean, go for it.
You see, there are times when stealing someone’s house
can be totally 100 % legal.
If you’re wondering how,
allow me to introduce you to a little something called
“ adverse possession.”
Adverse possession, commonly called squatter’s rights,
is a legal process whereby a person trespassing on someone else’s property,
if they stay there long enough, actually becomes the legal owner of that property.
In other words, if the trespasser trespasses long enough,
they not only become not a trespasser,
they also become the owner.
It would be like saying
that if you pretended you own a country for long enough,
you would actually end up owning that country—*cough* Britain.
Now, in what is the least surprising thing
since the violation of the treaty of Versailles,
adverse possession, the principle of sitting on land long enough
until you own it,
derives from old English common law.
See, back in ye olde days,
when lands were constantly being conquered and pillaged and stolen,
it was often hard to know who legally owned property.
So instead of figuring it out,
the courts kind of just shrugged and decided that
if someone had managed to live on a piece of property
for long enough, they were probably its rightful owner.
Somehow those laws have continued to exist
不知何故 直到今天 这些法律持续存在
until today—in several formerly or presently
crumpet consuming countries, including England, Australia, and the United States,
包括英国 澳大利亚 美国
adverse possession remains the law of the land.
Today, adverse possession is usually used for minor land disputes between neighbors.
For example, if you have a fence
that technically goes a bit into your neighbor’s property,
and you’ve maintained that area for several years,
it’s possible you can claim it through adverse possession.
But in some cases it can be used
for much more than that, with squatters successfully
using it to claim entire houses as their own. Now,
I’d like to welcome you to the segment called,
“ HAI’s Super Cool, Super Accurate Legal Advice: I’m Not a Lawyer,
HAI 这个超级酷的部分 它有最精确的法律建议： 我不是律师
This Isn’t Legal Advice, Please Don’t Sue Me. ”
Before you get all excited and decide
you’ re going to steal your neighbor’s house, you
should know that there are five specific criteria
that must be met in order for adverse possession to work. First,
the possession must be “hostile.”
That doesn’t mean you have to invade with trebuchets,
the gentleman’s weapon, but
it does mean that you must, in fact,
be on the land without the owner’s permission
you have to actually be trespassing.
people who are renting or borrowing a house might be able to claim
ownership under adverse possession. So,
put a sign up inviting anyone in and then nobody can claim adverse possession!
Criteria dos, the possession must be “actual.”
That means that not only must the trespasser actually be
on the property, they also must
be using it as if it was their own, and actively maintaining it.
You have to be living there and doing the stuff
that a normal homeowner would do—mending
the hedges, mowing the fences, watering the windows,
taking out the lawn, weeding the trash,
the normal stuff.
Criteria number c, the possession it must be “open and notorious.”
In other words,
you can’t be hiding the fact that you live there.
So don’t worry—if somebody is hiding
in your attic for five years, they can’t suddenly
take you to court and claim that they own your house.
Open and notorious possession means
that the trespasser must be living there clearly and openly,
in such a way that the real owner,
if they were paying any attention at all,
would be able to know that they are there and kick them out.
Criteria number IV, the possession must be “exclusive.”
The person or people claiming the property must be the only ones living there.
The owner can not be living on or using the property at any point;
if they do, then your claim is gone.
Which means that if you’ve been
on a property for years waiting to take adverse possession,
if the real owner even stops by to use the bathroom,
then the clock starts over again.
It is for this reason that in New York,
for example, where there are plenty of privately
owned courtyards open to the public,
many of these are barricaded off by their owners
once a year just to prove the owner’s domination
of the land so that nobody can live on and
subsequently claim the courtyards.
And finally, criteria number cinq, the possession must be “continuous.”
最后 条件5 所有权必须是“持续式的”
You must continuously live on the property for a certain period of time.
That doesn’t mean you can never
leave—you can go to the grocery store or on a normal
vacation—but you must be using the property the way
that a normal property owner would.
You can’t go to an abandoned
house once or twice over several years and then claim it.
How long you have to live there depends
on the state or nation’s laws.
It could be as short as five or as long as forty years.
But once you reach that magic number—boom, you own the place…
assuming you succeed
in proving you meet the criteria in a complex and expensive legal process.
Nonetheless,people successfully apply the law of adverse possession all the time in
无论如何 在存在“逆权侵占”的国家 人们一直都成功运用这条法律
the countries where it exists—often fixing up and living in abandoned buildings. Now,
if you become an adverse possession
master you might end up with quite a few houses and
they’d be safe
because you’d probably have a different key to each house.
That way if you lose a key,
only one of your houses would be compromised rather than all.
If that makes sense,
then why would you use the same password on all your online accounts?
You should have different passwords for each site but,
you’ll never be able to remember
them all, unless you use Dashlane.
Dashlane securely stores all your passwords
in one place and autofills them when you go to login.
More than that, though,
Dashlane is an online security toolbox so it includes plenty of
other features including a VPN, secure file storage,
丰富的其他功能 有VPN 文件安全存储
dark web monitoring, and more.
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This video was made possible by Dashlane.