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合法偷到一间房子的方法 – 译学馆
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合法偷到一间房子的方法

The Law That Lets You Legally Steal Houses

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Here at Half as Interesting,
在《半分有趣》栏目
we take a firm stance against assault, arson, kidnapping,
我们立场坚定地反对袭击 纵火 绑架
adults napping on subway benches, pickles,
反对在地铁长椅上打盹的成人 咸菜
slow walkers, referring to travelators as moving walkways
反对把平地电梯当做移动人行道的缓慢步行者
people using the iPhone alarm sound as their ringtone
以及把苹果手机闹铃声当作来电铃声的人
nuclear proliferation,
反对核扩散
the under toiler paper orientation,
朝下拉动的厕所卫生纸
wind faster than 15 miles per hour, murder, mosquitos,
和速度超过每小时15英里的大风 谋杀 蚊虫
referring to personal flotation devices as life jackets, Bombardier CRJ200’s, square earthers,
以及个人漂浮装置比如救生衣 庞巴迪CRJ200 地球球形学说
3D movies, crocs,
反对3D电影 卡骆驰
the lack of video editing function on YouTube, under-hydration,
YouTube上缺乏的视频编辑功能 干旱
and stealing.
还有偷窃
Well, maybe I should be more specific.
好吧 也许我应该更具体一点
Here at Half as Interesting,
《半分有趣》栏目说的是
we don’t condone stealing when it’s illegal.
我们不能容忍违法偷窃
When stealing is legal, on the other hand,
但如果偷窃是合法行为时
I mean, go for it.
我想说 尽管去做
You see, there are times when stealing someone’s house
你知道吗?有时偷某人的房子
can be totally 100 % legal.
可以完全100%合法
If you’re wondering how,
如果你想知道怎么做
allow me to introduce you to a little something called
请允许我向你介绍一种叫做
“ adverse possession.”
“逆权侵占”的观念
Adverse possession, commonly called squatter’s rights,
逆权侵占 一般叫做擅自占地者的权利
is a legal process whereby a person trespassing on someone else’s property,
是一个人侵犯他人财产的 合法的法律程序
if they stay there long enough, actually becomes the legal owner of that property.
如果他们待得足够长 实际就成为那份财产的合法拥有者
In other words, if the trespasser trespasses long enough,
换句话说 如果侵入者侵入时间足够长
they not only become not a trespasser,
他们不仅不会成为侵入者
they also become the owner.
反而会成为所有者
It would be like saying
这就像说
that if you pretended you own a country for long enough,
如果你假装你拥有一个国家足够长时间的话
you would actually end up owning that country—*cough* Britain.
最终你将会拥有这个国家 [咳嗽]比如英国
Now, in what is the least surprising thing
现在 已经不用大惊小怪的是
since the violation of the treaty of Versailles,
自从违反凡尔赛条约开始
adverse possession, the principle of sitting on land long enough
逆权侵占 一条坐在地上的时间足够长
until you own it,
就拥有它的原则
derives from old English common law.
源于古老的英国法律
See, back in ye olde days,
在古老的时光
when lands were constantly being conquered and pillaged and stolen,
当土地不断被征服 被掠夺和被盗时
it was often hard to know who legally owned property.
通常很难知道谁合法拥有该财产
So instead of figuring it out,
所以与其去搞清楚
the courts kind of just shrugged and decided that
法院就是耸耸肩 然后决定
if someone had managed to live on a piece of property
是否有人曾设法依靠这一小块财产
for long enough, they were probably its rightful owner.
长期维持生计 也许这些人才它的合法所有者
Somehow those laws have continued to exist
不知何故 直到今天 这些法律持续存在
until today—in several formerly or presently
曾经或目前的几个仍使用这种法律的国家
crumpet consuming countries, including England, Australia, and the United States,
包括英国 澳大利亚 美国
adverse possession remains the law of the land.
逆权侵占仍然是土地法
Today, adverse possession is usually used for minor land disputes between neighbors.
今天 逆权侵占通常用于邻居之间的小土地纠纷
For example, if you have a fence
例如 如果你有一个围栏
that technically goes a bit into your neighbor’s property,
从某种程度上说 那可以算是你邻居的财产
and you’ve maintained that area for several years,
但你已经占有那个地方长达几年了
it’s possible you can claim it through adverse possession.
你很有可能通过逆权侵占来彻底拥有它
But in some cases it can be used
但某些情况下 它的作用
for much more than that, with squatters successfully
远远不止成功地侵占某地
using it to claim entire houses as their own. Now,
可以宣示主权 成为某地的主人
I’d like to welcome you to the segment called,
我很欢迎你到这个叫做
“ HAI’s Super Cool, Super Accurate Legal Advice: I’m Not a Lawyer,
HAI 这个超级酷的部分 它有最精确的法律建议: 我不是律师
This Isn’t Legal Advice, Please Don’t Sue Me. ”
这也不是法律专业建议 请不要起诉我
Before you get all excited and decide
在你过于兴奋并下定决心
you’ re going to steal your neighbor’s house, you
准备偷你邻居的房子前
should know that there are five specific criteria
你应该知道逆权侵占的要求
that must be met in order for adverse possession to work. First,
它需要依次达到五个指定的条件 然后才能成立
the possession must be “hostile.”
首先 侵占必须怀有“敌意”
That doesn’t mean you have to invade with trebuchets,
但这并不意味着你一定要用投石机
the gentleman’s weapon, but
这类绅士的武器来入侵
it does mean that you must, in fact,
但事实上它意味着
be on the land without the owner’s permission
你在没有主人的允许下进入那片土地
you have to actually be trespassing.
你必须真正的占领了
Otherwise,for example,
另一方面 举个例子
people who are renting or borrowing a house might be able to claim
租借或者借住房子的人很可能宣称自己是房子的主人
ownership under adverse possession. So,
这是出于逆权侵占的理念 所以
pro tip,
专业提示
put a sign up inviting anyone in and then nobody can claim adverse possession!
可以放置一个邀请某人进来的标志 这样就没有人能够做到逆权侵占!
Criteria dos, the possession must be “actual.”
标准条件 所有权必须是”真实的”
That means that not only must the trespasser actually be
事实上 那意味着侵入者不仅必须拥有财产所有权
on the property, they also must
而且他们还必须像主人一样使用它
be using it as if it was their own, and actively maintaining it.
并积极地收拾维护
You have to be living there and doing the stuff
你不得不在这里并且做好主人会做的日常工作
that a normal homeowner would do—mending
像是一个寻常的主人那样整修树篱
the hedges, mowing the fences, watering the windows,
修理栅栏 清洗窗户
taking out the lawn, weeding the trash,
除草 清除垃圾
the normal stuff.
这类寻常的事情
Criteria number c, the possession it must be “open and notorious.”
条件3 所有物必须是“开放且众所周知的”
In other words,
换句话说
you can’t be hiding the fact that you live there.
你不能对外隐藏你住在这里的事实
So don’t worry—if somebody is hiding
所以不要担心——如果某人
in your attic for five years, they can’t suddenly
在你的阁楼藏了5年 他们不能突然
take you to court and claim that they own your house.
带你去法庭并此宣称这是他们的房子
Open and notorious possession means
开放和众所周知的占有指的是
that the trespasser must be living there clearly and openly,
入侵者必须是光明正大 大家都知道地住在这里
in such a way that the real owner,
如果是这样来看的话真正的主人
if they were paying any attention at all,
如果曾经有留意过
would be able to know that they are there and kick them out.
就能够知道入侵者在这并且把他们踢出家门
Criteria number IV, the possession must be “exclusive.”
条件4 所有权必须是“独有的”
The person or people claiming the property must be the only ones living there.
个人或者人们宣称他们是唯一住在这里的人
The owner can not be living on or using the property at any point;
主人不能住在这里或者使用任何财产
if they do, then your claim is gone.
如果他们这么做 你的声明就会无效
Which means that if you’ve been
这意味着如果你曾经
on a property for years waiting to take adverse possession,
拥有几年的所有权就等着逆权入侵
if the real owner even stops by to use the bathroom,
甚至如果真正的主人使用了下卫生间
then the clock starts over again.
时间就会重新开始计算
It is for this reason that in New York,
这是因为在纽约
for example, where there are plenty of privately
例如 在有大量的私人所有的
owned courtyards open to the public,
向外敞开的后院
many of these are barricaded off by their owners
在这些后院的很多主人每一年都会为它们
once a year just to prove the owner’s domination
设置一次障碍来证明主人对这块土地的控制
of the land so that nobody can live on and
这样一来 就没有人能住在这里
subsequently claim the courtyards.
随后对外宣称院子的所有权
And finally, criteria number cinq, the possession must be “continuous.”
最后 条件5 所有权必须是“持续式的”
You must continuously live on the property for a certain period of time.
你必须有一段时间长期住在这里
That doesn’t mean you can never
但那不意味着你永远不能离开
leave—you can go to the grocery store or on a normal
你能去市场或者旅行
vacation—but you must be using the property the way
但是你在路上也必须和
that a normal property owner would.
主人一样对房子使用所有权
You can’t go to an abandoned
你不能几年去就去一次两次
house once or twice over several years and then claim it.
荒废的房子 然后对外声称它的所有权
How long you have to live there depends
你在那里需要住多久是建立在
on the state or nation’s laws.
当地州和国家的法律之上的
It could be as short as five or as long as forty years.
它最短需要五年 最长能达到40年
But once you reach that magic number—boom, you own the place…
但是一旦你达到了这个神奇的数字 【砰】
你就拥有了这个房子……
assuming you succeed
前提是你成功地
in proving you meet the criteria in a complex and expensive legal process.
用复杂和高成本的法律过程证明了你达到了条件
Nonetheless,people successfully apply the law of adverse possession all the time in
无论如何 在存在“逆权侵占”的国家 人们一直都成功运用这条法律
the countries where it exists—often fixing up and living in abandoned buildings. Now,
通常是整顿修理和居住在废弃建筑物中的人
if you become an adverse possession
现在 如果你想成为逆权侵占的受益人
master you might end up with quite a few houses and
你需要舍弃你相当多的房子
they’d be safe
同时它们会很安全
because you’d probably have a different key to each house.
因为你一个房子很可能有一把不同的钥匙
That way if you lose a key,
那样的话 就算你把钥匙弄丢了
only one of your houses would be compromised rather than all.
也只有其中的一栋房子会被连累 好过失去所有
If that makes sense,
如果是这样的话
then why would you use the same password on all your online accounts?
那你为什么在你所有的网上账户上设置相同的密码呢?
You should have different passwords for each site but,
你需要针对不同的地点设置不同的密码
you’ll never be able to remember
但是 你将很难记住
them all, unless you use Dashlane.
所有的密码 除非你使用Dashlane
Dashlane securely stores all your passwords
Dashlane会将你所有的密码安全地储存在一处
in one place and autofills them when you go to login.
当你登录的时候会 自动填写
More than that, though,
除此之外
Dashlane is an online security toolbox so it includes plenty of
Dashlane是一个在线安全工具箱 所以它包含了
other features including a VPN, secure file storage,
丰富的其他功能 有VPN 文件安全存储
dark web monitoring, and more.
暗网监控等等
You can start using some of Dashlane’s features for free, or,
你能免费试用Dashlane的一些软件 或者
for less than the price of most standalone VPN’s,
花费比大多数独立VPN更少的价格
you can get Dashlane premium with all their features for 10 % off by being
你可以享受九折优惠 就使用到Dashlane软件的所有优秀性能
one of the first 200 to use the code,
只需要前200名登录dashlane. com/hai
“ HAI ” at dashlane.com/HAI.
并使用“HAI”优惠码即可

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合法偷到一间房子?你一定想不到吧,点开这个视频告诉你方法哦!

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视频来源

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