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人体绘画中必学的解剖学术语 – 译学馆
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人体绘画中必学的解剖学术语

The Language of Anatomy

单词
Word.
菠萝绘画
Proko
解剖学用语
The Language of Anatomy
摘录
an Excerpt
我有些担心你会跳过基础
I’m kinda worried that you want to get
直接上肉
past these basics and into the meat of it all.
嘿嘿
Hehe,
“肉”是字面意思哦
literally the meat.
但是在你跳到肌肉部分之前
But before you jump ahead to muscles,
请稍等片刻
just hang on,
请放松你的括约肌
relax your basic sphincters,
我们来花些时间学习几个术语
and take a little time to learn some terms.
回头你会庆幸自己这个决定的
You’ll be glad later.
你的括约肌也没有异议
Your sphincters will be fine,
等我们学习肌肉部分时
and when we get to muscles,
它们就很容易乐在其中了
they’ll be easy and fun.
咱们先从弄清词意开始吧
Let’s begin by making sure we understand the words.
否则后面的内容就会像天书似的
You’ll get lost if you don’t know them.
首先 你得先记一下
At first, you may have to think for a moment
“anterior”的意思是“前”
to remember which means front
“posterior”的意思是“后”
and which means back.
当你可以快速分辨这两个词时
But when you can do it this fast,
你就将它们铭记于心了
you have it forever.
如果你需要快速的提示
If you need a quick reminder,
我做了一张解剖学术语的表
I’ve created a list of anatomy terms
请登录“proko.com/anatomy-terms”查看
at proko.com/anatomy-terms.
如果你学会这些解剖学用语
If you know the language of anatomy,
你就能弄清那些长的拉丁文名称是什么意思了
you’ll be able to figure out those long latin names.
你就不会一脸懵逼:
You won’t have to say,
“斯坦到底在说什么鬼啊?”
“What the heck is Stan talking about?”
方位术语
Terms of Location
Anterior(前)
Anterior
近身体前面者为前
describes something that is toward the front of the body.
相对地
Alternatively,
“posterior”(后) 近身体背面者为后
posterior describes something that is toward the back of the body.
“posterior”也指“手背”
It also refers to the back of the hand,
还有“脚面”
and top of the foot.
“Medial”(内侧)
Medial is something located
近正中线者为内侧
toward the middle of the body
或者说远离外侧的部位
or away from the side.
它的反义词是“Lateral”(外侧)
The opposite is Lateral.
指身体两侧的部位
Something that is toward the side of the body
或者远离正中线的部位
or away from the middle.
“Superior”(上) 近头/上者为上
Superior is toward the top or above.
“Inferior”(下) 近足/下者为下
And Inferior is toward the bottom, below.
“Distal”(远侧) 多用于四肢
Distal refers mainly to the limbs
远离躯干者
and describes something away
为远侧
from the center of the body.
相对地
Alternatively,
“Proximal”(近侧) 近躯干者为近侧
Proximal is something closerto the center of the body.
当我说到“deep”(深)时
When I say that something is deep,
我是说从表面看不见这个部位
I mean that it is not visible on the surface.
这个部位覆盖着其它“volumes”(容积)
It’s covered with other volumes.
但是
However,
“superficial”(浅) 意思是从表面可见
superficial means it is visible on the surface.
同样地“subcutaneous”(皮下)
And similarly, subcutaneous
意思是“皮肤之下”
means just below the skin.
比如说“bony landmarks”(骨性标志)
Like the bony landmarks.
谢谢小骷髅的演示
Thanks Skelly!
完整视频请观看“解剖学用语”
For the full video on the Language of Anatomy,
访问“proko.com/anatomy”即可
head on over to proko.com/anatomy.
这里有更多视频
The premium version shows an explanation
向你解释更多术语
of more terms
还提供PDF格式的下载
and has a downloadable PDF that
这样你就能打印出来啦
you can print out.
网址是“proko.com/anatomy”
proko.com/anatomy.
如果你喜欢本视频
If you like this video,
请把它分享给你的朋友和同学
pass it on to your friends and classmates,
别忘了点击“订阅”按钮
and click this button here to
订阅proko newsletter
to subscribe to the proko newsletter
这样你就不会错过任何新视频啦
so you don’t miss any new videos.
拜拜
Bye bye.

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