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错了也不是坏事 – 译学馆
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错了也不是坏事

The Joy of Being Wrong

我们都跟别人有过争论
We’ve all been in arguments
如果你不认为自己是对的
and it wouldn’t be an argument
而别人是错的
if you didn’t believe that you were right
就不会有争吵
and they were wrong
但我们总会犯错 不是吗?
But aren’t we all wrong sometimes?
人非圣贤 孰能无过
No one is right about all the things all the time
研究表明 承认自己错了
Research shows that admitting that we might be wrong
不但有助于建立友情
can actually help us be better friends
拥有愉悦心态
happier people
甚至有助于弘扬我们的信仰
and more effective advocates for our beliefs
这叫做理智的谦逊
This is called intellectual humility
是一种天赋
and it’s a gift
并非只能与生俱来
not the kind you’re born with
而是可以通过后天习得的
but the kind you can give yourself
为什么不试着承认自己错了呢?
So why don’t we?
承认自己错了为什么那么难?
Why is it so hard to admit that we might be wrong?
[轻快的音乐]
(light upbeat music)
我们的想法 猜测 和亲身经历
In our minds, our ideas, assumptions and experiences,
交织在一起组成了我们的世界观
weave together to form our picture of the world.
这就解释了 为什么承认
So you can see why it’s painful to admit
我们所信任的是错的会这么痛苦
that something we believe in is wrong.
就这轻轻一击
One tug on the thread,
仿佛自我感知
and it can feel like
就开始分崩离析
our whole sense of self is unraveling.
实际上 研究表明 当我们的信仰被攻击时
In fact, studies show that our brains actually react
大脑对此作出的反应
to attacks on our beliefs the same way
跟我们的身体受到威胁时的一样
as threats to our physical well-being,
人类趋利避害的天性 使得我们都只接近
our natural human tendencies to avoid those threats,
和自己有着同样想法的人
surround ourselves with people who think just like us.
无论你有多聪明 或受过多少教育都一样
It doesn’t matter how smart or well-educated you are.
每个人都会踩这种坑
Anyone can fall into these traps.
但我们也有办法跳出这个魔咒
But we can break out of these bubbles.
不必受到思想的禁锢
Our ideas don’t need to limit us.
我们只需要记住
We just need to remember
我们自认为明了的一些事情
that some of the things we know
都是错的或片面的
are wrong or incomplete.
这并不代表自己是个失败者
It doesn’t have to feel like a failure.
而可以是一种自我安慰
It can feel like a relief.
我们应该摒弃那些
We can let go of the ideas that
阻碍自己成长的想法
were holding us back from growth.
这是理智的谦逊的要点之一
This is one of the key features of intellectual humility,
甘愿接受并承认自己可能是错的
a willingness to accept and admit that you might be wrong.
早期研究显示
Early research shows that
那些理智的谦逊者
people who practice intellectual humility
在决策上更深思熟虑
make more thoughtful decisions,
在情感上
have stronger connections
与家人朋友更亲密
with their friends and partners
生活中更宽容
and are more tolerant
从而过上更幸福的生活
which could lead to a happier life.
如今我们生活的时代有一种压力
We live in a time where there’s pressure
总让人感到应该表现出自己永远是对的
to appear like you’re always right.
但是认识到我们自身认知的不完整性
But recognizing an incompleteness in our knowledge
并不是一种软弱或无知的表现
isn’t weakness or ignorance
恰恰相反
it’s the opposite
它把每一天都变成了
It turns every day into an opportunity
一次学习和成长的机会
to learn and grow
事实上 理智的谦逊者
In fact, people who practice intellectual humility
更擅于提出具有说服力的论点
are shown to be better at recognizing persuasive arguments.
这意味着 你能通过先让对方质疑
That means you could be a more effective advocate
再说服别人 从而让对方接受
for your beliefs by allowing them to be challenged.
科学方法要求我们验证每一个想法
The scientific method asks us to test every idea,
质疑每一种理论
question every theory.
而也正是这个规则
And that discipline
造就了过去两个世纪中
is responsible for much of the explosive progress
那些爆炸式的发展
that has defined the last two centuries.
理智的谦逊的原理
Intellectual humility is the same principle
对于个人来说也一样
applied to the individual
我们应不断完善对于这个世界
constantly refining your understanding
和自身的理解
of the world and yourself.
我们之所以成为现在的我们
The person you are now only exists
是因为曾经的我们愿意做出改变
because the person you were
让自己成长
was willing to grow into something new.
愿意做出改变就是一种理智的谦逊
Intellectual humility is that willingness.
它使我们不断追寻
It allows us to constantly search through
自身对世界的认知
our understanding of the world
并逐步将它完善
and bit by bit make it better.
[轻快的音乐]
[light upbeat music]

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什么是“思想谦逊”

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mRXNUx4cua0

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