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日本年号变化的解读

The Japanese Era Name Change Explained

很久没有做主题视频了
It’s far and few between the time make topical videos,
这主要是因为
that’s primarily because it’s not very often
国际上很少有与名字相关的重大新闻
there’s big important name related news in the world.
但我会经常在推特上分享与名字有关的趣味新闻
There’s often silly name related news that I enjoy sharing on Twitter.
所以记得关注我的推特@NameExplainYT.
So don’t forget to follow me there @NameExplainYT.
话说 这周我们似乎
With the plug aside, it seems this week
总是会听到一些和名字相关的重大新闻
we’ve have been blessed with some rather big name related news
这些新闻提到了日本的新年号
that being the reveal or the news era in Japan will be called.
新年号就是令和
Being called the Reiwa era.
这引起了很多人的讨论
This got a lot of people talking
而我却总是在谈论与名字相关的事
and well with me being eternally doomed to talk about names.
正好 我们可以栏目中聊聊最近这个新闻
It’s a good time to cover this recent name-based news here on the channel.
日本的这些年号究竟是什么
So what exactly are these eras of Japan?
很多国家会把历史分为不同的时代和时期
Well, a lot of nations break up the history into eras and periods.
在英国有维多利亚时代
Here in the UK, we have things like the Victorian era,
都铎时期等等
Tudor period and so on.
虽然我不太确定这些时代名称
Though I’m not too sure if these periods are known as that
在当时就已经为人所知还是后来才叫的
the time or have retroactively been given those names,
但我们用这些名称去概括一段历史把它们作为学习历史的一种方式
we use these terms to cover time in history as a means to study them.
这些公认的历史名称包含了特定的历史事件和观点
Putative history bought them certain events and attitudes,
也就是说 当我们想了解历史上的这些时候
meaning when we want to study those times in history,
用这些名字能让我们更容易掌握所有内容
using these names makes it easier to grasp the all.
但是 日本的时代名字似乎要正式得多
The eras of Japan however seem to be much more formalized.
所以按正式来讲
With the concept of formalizing,
日本历史由孝德天皇开创
Japanese history being established by Emperor Kotoku.
时间是公元645年
in 645 AD.
这些时代名字也被叫做年号
They also known as a Gengo slash Nengo,
迄今为止 日本已有239个年号
since then there have been 239 era names.
所以我们不会每个年号都讲
So we definitely won’t be covering all these names.
日本年号不仅仅是用来回顾历史的
The eras of Japan are used for more than just looking back on their history.
在西方历法越来越受欢迎的今天
Many Japanese people still use these eras as their calendar system.
许多日本人仍在用年号来纪年
when western calendar has become more popular over time.
一些人会交替使用这两种历法
With some using both calendar systems interchangeably,
因此许多日本人能用年号查找自己出生和成长的时代
many in the country to find themselves by the era they were born and raised in.
同样的 在西方有婴儿潮一代和千禧一代这样的叫法
In the same way in the West we have terms like Baby Boomers and Millennials.
日本的年号还会被用到其它地方
These era names are also used in other places in Japan, too.
如在官方文件 报纸和硬币上就能看到
Being seen on official documents, newspapers and coins,
在日本 新皇登基就会启用新年号
New era names in Japan are introduced along with new emperors.
这就是为什么日本现在有了新年号
and this is why we are getting a new era right now.
制作本期视频的时候 日本现任天皇
At the time of writing this video, Japan’s current emperor,
明仁天皇正计划在
Emperor Akihito is planning on abdicating his throne
2019年5月1日退位
on the 1st of May 2019,
结束其30年的天皇统治
ending his 30-year-reign as Emperor of Japan.
他是日本近两百年来首个退位的天皇
And the first emperor to abdicate in over two hundred years of Japanese history.
他的长子 皇太子德仁是目前的法定继承人
His eldest son, Naruhito is the current heir apparent,
他将在他父亲退位后继承皇位
and he will take the throne when his father abdicates.
皇位变更 年号也会随之更换
With the change of emperor comes a change of era name,
我们最近在新闻中也看到了这样的报道
as we have seen being covered in the news recently.
目前的日本年号也将停止使用
The current Japanese era which is just about to end.
做本期视频的时候还叫平成时代
Well, at the time of writing this video, is called the Heisei era
平成年代始于1989年1月8日
which start from the 8th of January 1989.
所有的年号均来自中国古典文献
All these era names come from classic Chinese texts,
平成也不例外
and Heisei is no exception.
平成一名的意思是实现和平
The name Heisei means achieving peace,
出自两部中国典籍
and comes from passages in two Chinese classics:
《史记》和《书经》
The Records of Grand Historian and The Book of Documents.
这个名字会被选用
This name of achieving peace was chosen
是因为它前面那个动荡的时代
due to the turbulent history of the era that preceded it.
昭和时代
The Showa Era which included
当时国家被攻占 还爆发了战争经融危机
war financial crisis and the nation under occupation.
然而 随着平成时代的结束
However, as the Heisei era comes to an end,
新年号也会被定下来
a new name has been decided on.
有趣的是 新年号通常是在
What’s interesting is that the new era names are usually
现任天皇去世时才会被宣布
only revealed upon the death of the current Emperor.
但明仁天皇是退位的而不是过世
But due to Akito abdicating rather than dying,
也就是说这项传统会被打破
this means that this tradition has gone out the window
所以新年号很愉快地就公布了
with the name being revealed pleased even abdicated.
当然新年号就是令和
Of course this new era name is the Reiwa era.
新年号还打破了其它一些传统
And it breaks tradition in more ways than
就是它在现任天皇还在位时就公布了
just being revealed before the current Emperor’s out.
我说过 之前很多年号都来自中国文献
As I said, most ever names are from Chinese texts.
那令和为何会出自《万叶集》
How this name of the Reiwa is from Manyoushu
这本日本诗歌总集而非中文典籍
but a compilation of Japanese poetry not from China.
这个年号是由一个专家小组秘密选定的
The name was chosen secretly by a panel of experts
专家小组里有日本小说家 教授和商界人士
ranging from Japanese novelists, professors and business figures.
2019年4月1日 新年号正式向媒体公布
With the name being officially revealed to the press in the public on April 1st 2019,
令的意思是善和美好
the first catch of the name means good/beautiful.
和的意思是安稳 和谐
With the second character meaning peace/harmony,
所以这个名字翻译成中文就是
so the name can be translated into English meaning things
类似和平 和谐 善美的事物
like good peace or beautiful harmony.
日本现任首相安倍晋三表示
Current Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said that
新年号的启用将会给新时代带来充满希望的开始
the name was chosen to affect the start of an era filled with hope
令和出自的那本诗歌总集
and that the poche compilation in which
象征着日本丰富的文化
the name comes from expresses our nation’s rich culture
日本国民应该为美好的民族内涵而感到自豪
which we should take pride in along of our nation’s beautiful nature.
然而 尽管新年号才公布了几天
However, despite being just days old at the time of writing,
麻烦就已经出现了
the name has already faced issues.
在令和被选用之前 其它名字也被考虑过
Other names were considered too before Reiwa was chosen.
英弘的意思是巨大的荣耀
Eiko meaning vast glory.
万和的意思是大和谐
Banwa meaning perfect harmony.
万保寓意平安
Banho meaning great security.
广至寓意有好的事情降临 这些名字都曾被考虑过 但最终都被剔除了
And Koshi meaning great arrival, were all in contention but ultimately rejected.
一些日本民众比较在意新年号第一个字的意思
Others in the Japanese public have concerns over the first character of Reiwa
令字的意思也可以是命令和规则
which can also mean command and order.
这是可以理解的
It’s understandable to see where
对于要生活在一个寓意命令和规则的时代
the public might be hesitant to be living in an era
民众当然会犹豫
that’s name means to be commanded or ordered.
但是 日本政府向民众保证
However, the Japanese government have assured the public that
虽然此汉字有这一层意思
while the kanji character can be read to mean that
但是它的本意是和平和和谐
in its source material, the character means peace/harmony.
但我说过 政府官员是不会这样想的
And I’ve stated that nobody in the government thinks like that.
但最有意思的还是
Yet, perhaps most interestingly is the effect that
这个年号称呼出现在了最不可能出现的地方
this era name has had in the most unlikely of places.
在澳大利亚房地产界
In the world of Australian property,
澳大利亚西部房地产协会表示
the Real Estate Institute of Western Australia
自日本新年号公布以来
have stated that since the announcement of this new era name,
他们的网站就出现了大量的访客
they’ve had a vast number of visitors coming to their website.
为什么呢
Why is this?
如果你仔细看看他们名字的首字母
Well, if you look at the first letters of each part of their name,
你就会明白为什么这样了
you understand why this is the case.
为什么那么多人访问了他们的网站
Hence why so many people have been visiting their website
因为他们的网址是Reiwa(令和).com
for reiwa.com.
感谢每月都支持我们解读名字相关视频的赞助人
Thank you to all my patrons who support name explained on a monthly basis.
我们的视频依赖粉丝每个月小额赞助
Name explained depends on small monthly donations from fans like you
有了像你们这样的粉丝赞助 我们的频道才能运行下去
to help keep the channel running.
每月两美元对我们来说就是莫大的帮助
Just a small amount of two dollars a month helps out in a huge way.
赞助人还会得到专属于您的额外的名字解读
Grants you patron exclusive name explain extras
而且你的名字还会和所有这些优秀的人的名字放在一起
and gets your name here with all these awesome people.
谢谢大家
Thank you.

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译制信息
视频概述

解读日本新年号

听录译者

Claudia

翻译译者

Claudia

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fex4bpz2pcw

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