The Internet: Cybersecurity and Crime
hi 我是詹妮•马丁 是赛门铁克（美国软件公司）的一名网络安全调查主管
Hi, my name’s Jenny Martin and I’m the director of cyber security
investigations at Symantec. Today cybercrime causes huge problems for
society personally, financially, and even in matters of national security. Just in
the last few years hundreds of millions of credit card numbers have been stolen,
tens of millions of Social Security numbers and healthcare records were
compromised, even nuclear centrifuges that have been hacked, and unmanned
aerial drones have been hijacked. This is all done by exploiting vulnerabilities
in hardware and software or more often by taking advantage of unintentional
decisions made by the people using the software. People committing these cyber
crimes don’t a single profile or motivation it could be anyone from an
international terrorist to a teenager competing for bragging rights. Today the largest
countries not only have a regular army but also have a well armed cyber army. In
fact the next World War may not be fought with traditional weapons, but with
computers used to shut down national water supplies, energy grids, and
大家好 我是帕丽斯 是谷歌安全主管
transportation systems. Hi my name is Parisa and I’m Google Security Princess. I’ve worked
on a lot of different products and a lot of different ways to try and
make our software as secure as possible.
Now let’s take a look at how cybercrime works under the hood
并且了解一些软件病毒 拒绝服务攻击 网络欺诈
will learn about software viruses, denial-of-service attacks, and phishing
scams. In biology and life, a virus is an organism that is spread by coughing,
通过咳嗽 喷嚏 肢体接触来传播
sneezing, or physical contact.
Viruses work by infecting cells, injecting their genetic material, and
来自我复制 它们能使人患病 并且相互传染
using those cells to replicate. They can make people really sick and then spread to other people.
A computer virus works bit similarly. A virus is an executable program that gets
installed, usually unintentionally, and harms the user and their computer. It’s also
possible for a virus to spread itself to other computers. Now how does a virus get on your
那么 病毒是如何感染第一台电脑的呢 这里有一些方法
computer in the first place? There are a couple ways an attacker can infect someone’s
computer. They might lure a victim into installing a program with deception about the
program’s purpose, so for example a lot of viruses are disguised as security updates.
It’s also possible that the software on your computer has a vulnerability, so an attacker can install itself
without even needing explicit permission.
Once a virus is on your computer it can steal or delete any of your files,
control other programs, or even allow someone else to remotely control your
Using computer viruses, hackers can take over millions of computers world wide
并且使用它们作为数字军队 称作僵尸网络 来攻下网站
and then use them as a digital army, otherwise known as a botnet, to attack and take down websites.
This kind of attack is called a distributed denial of service.
A denial of service is when hackers overwhelm a website with too many
requests. We call it a distributed denial-of-service when the attack comes from many
computers all at once.
Most websites are ready to respond to millions of requests a day, but if you
hit them with billions or trillions of requests, coming from different places,
the computers are overloaded and stop responding. Another trick used by
cybercriminals is to send large amounts of spam email in an attempt to trick people
into sharing sensitive personal information.
This is called a phishing scam. A phishing scam is when you get what seems like a
trustworthy email asking you to log into your account, but clicking the email
takes you to a fake website.
if you log in anyway you’ve been tricked into giving your password away.
Hackers can then use your login credentials to access your real accounts
to steal information or maybe even to steal your money. Fortunately there are
有许多公司 法律 政府组织 保障网络安全
many companies, laws, and government organizations working to make the
internet safer, but these efforts are not enough.
You may think when a computer system gets hacked the problem was the security
design or the software. Ninety percent of the time the system gets hacked
however, it’s not because of the security bug, but because of a simple mistake made by
a human. It turns out there are steps we can all take to protect ourselves. Often
your actions not only impact the security of your own data and computer, but the
还影响着你们学校 工作地点 家里的每一个人
security of everyone at your school,
workplace, and home. With billions or trillions of dollars at stake
cybercriminals get smarter each year and we all need to keep up.