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奉承的重要性 – 译学馆
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奉承的重要性

The Importance of Flattery

奉承这个词的名声可不太好 它往往和
Flattery has a bad name, It’s associated with
为了一己私利去欺骗毫不知情的人
saying something upbeat but untrue in
说一些令人开心却虚假的话联系在一起
order to hoodwink its unsuspecting target for low personal gain.
在伊索的著名寓言
In Aesop’s famous fable,
“狐狸与乌鸦”中
The Fox and the Crow,
一只难看的乌鸦找到了一块奶酪
an ugly crow has found a piece of cheese
然后飞到树枝上以便享用
and retired a branch to eat it.
一只狡猾的狐狸 想把奶酪据为己有
A sly fox, wanting it for himself,
便恭维乌鸦
flatters the crow,
首先赞美它非常美丽
calling it beautiful and
随后询问乌鸦的声音
wondering whether its voice will
是否也如它的外表那般甜美动人
be as sweet as its appearance.
乌鸦一张嘴 发出了难听尖锐的叫声
The crow lets out a horrific screeching sound
结果奶酪就在狐狸既期待又带有几分嘲弄的注视下直接掉进了它的嘴巴中
and the cheese drops straight into the fox’s gaping expectant mocking jaw.
但是 还有另一种类型的“奉承”
But there’s another form of flattery
其目的更有价值 更加合乎道德
with more valuable and ethical ambitions.
这种“奉承”的作用不仅孩子们的父母一直有所了解
Parents of small children invariably discover its uses
而且值得在所有年龄段的人中更好地推广和实践
– which deserve to be better known and practiced around all age groups.
让我们设想一下 有这么一个孩子
Let’s imagine that a child isn’t
对兄弟们不是十分友善
yet entirely kind to their brother,
对绘画和烹饪也不擅长
or good at drawing, or a perfect cook
在家中也不太愿意帮忙
or helpful around the house,
但是 父母却“奉承”他们这些方面都做得很好
but the parent declares that they are
通过这种方式来给予他们鼓励
so as to encourage and
让他们内心深处的犹豫与脆弱烟消云散
make more concrete what is as yet only tentative and fragile in their ambivalent nature.
这样有助于孩子最终成为父母奉承时所希望的样子
The child is being helped to end up as some of the things he has already been described as being.
在1956年
In 1956,
巴西建筑师Oscar Niemeyer 受邀
the Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer was invited
为其祖国设计建造新首都巴西利亚
to create a new capital city for his nation: Brasilia.
巴西这个国家
Brazil is a country of
经济活动狂热 热带雨林丰富
frenetic economic activity, of rainforest
亚马逊部落 平民窟棚户区位于其中 沙滩海滨众多 足球运动繁荣
and Amazonian villages, favelas, soccer, beaches and
党派优先权矛盾尖锐……
intense disagreement about political priorities…
这些特征没有一个是明显符合美丽 和谐
none of which is apparent from contemplation of the beautiful
充斥着未来理性主义的巴西利亚建筑的设计意图
serene, futuristic rational architecture of Brasilia.
这些建筑的含义是 有朝一日 巴西这个地方
One day, the buildings propose, Brazil will be a place
理性的力量不再弱小
where rationality is powerful;
和谐有序成为社会的主题
where order and harmony reign;
高雅的举止随处可见
where elegance is normal.
贪腐和混乱从此销声匿迹
There will be no more corruption or chaos.
在办公室里 高效的秘书会打出明知审慎的简报
In offices, efficient secretaries will type up judicious briefing
文件系统会变得很完美 没有文件会被丢失 忽视 或放错
notes; the filing systems will be perfect – nothing will get lost, overlooked, neglected or mislaid;
国家的治理会变得井然有序 
the country will be perfectly managed. 
Oscar Niemeyer设计的首都就是一篇奉承的文章
Oscar Niemeyer’s capital is an essay in flattery.
它暗示 有些美好的特质虽然现在还隐藏在巴西深处
It hints that certain desirable qualities 
但有朝一日可能就会成为
which are as yet only very latent in Brasil could one day be central
这个国家及其统治阶级的核心  在首都建筑完工不久之后
to the country and its governing class. Shortly after the capital buildings were completed,
一位记者问Niemeyer为什么他设计了一个与它本该代表的国家有着显著不同的首都
a journalist asked Niemeyer why he had designed a capital that was so dramatically unlike
“不会有这么一天的” Niemeyer苦笑着说道
the country it was meant to represent. ‘It won’t be one day,’ said Niemeyer – with
巴西的民众继续等待着这一天 而巴西利亚最精美的建筑也继续激励鼓舞着这儿的人们
a wry smile. Brazilians continue to wait. And the finest buildings of Brasilia continue
我们需要奉承 是因为我们迫切地需要被引导 进而让我们在现在的基础上
to inspire. We need flattery because we so badly need to be guided to develop beyond
取得更好更长远的发展  我们需要他人的信任 进而在改革与发展中
what we are right now. We need other people’s belief in us to bolster our capacities for
增强我们的能力 我们需要一个机会来让我们成长为早已存在于奉承话语里的
reform and growth. We need a chance to grow into the person we have flatteringly been
那个理想的人 让我们看一下Velázquez的一幅画作《布雷达的投降》
described as already being. Consider a painting by Velázquez, The Surrender of Breda. There’s
西班牙与荷兰曾经发生过一场战役 西班牙取得了胜利 这幅画作
been a battle between Spain and the Netherlands. Spain has won. The picture shows the Spanish
展现的是西班牙的将军Spinola从战败的荷兰军队代表Justin Nassau手中
general, Spinola receiving the key to the city of Breda from the representative of the
接管布雷达这所城市的场景 引人注目的是这一切都显得如此友好亲切
defeated Dutch forces, Justin of Nassau. What’s striking is how cordial everything is. Historians
历史学家们表示双方都表现的非常好 没有争吵指责与肆意妄为的杀戮行为
report that both sides behaved extremely well. There was no recrimination or wanton bloodshed.
这幅画作是对这种不同寻常的高尚行为的纪念 但是它在对战争的记述上
The painting is a memorial to unusually noble conduct. But it’s not a comprehensive or
却有失全面与准确 就像巴西利亚无法准确全面地代表整个巴西一样
accurate account of war or sieges; just as Brasilia is not a completely accurate presentation
相反 这些作品代表了一种对未来理想现实的渴望
of what Brazil is like. Instead, each of these works presents an ideal in the hope of generating
我们应该学会奉承别人 而这种能量能够
a subsequent reality. We should learn to be gentler on flattery and the energy it can
让我们变得更加慷慨大方 才智过人
lend us to move towards greater generosity, intelligence and wisdom. We should use its
我们应该用这种良性的力量构建一个世界 在这个世界中我们常常能够
benign power in order to bring about a world where we’ll more often be able simply to
彼此赞美 而不再仅仅是奉承了事
praise one another, and no longer merely just to flatter.
我们致力于让世界情商更高
We believe in making the world a more emotionally intelligent place
为此我们现在也出版了一些优秀的书籍
and to that end we have now also published some extraordinary books.
同时另有一些能够增强我们视频所阐述的一些其他主题的商品
As well as other merchandise that reinforces some of the other themes illustrated in our videos.
请点击下方链接查看更多信息
Please click on the link below to see more.

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视频概述

奉承有时候可不是贬义词,还能对社会进步起到促进作用呢

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

jameschan

审核员

Ah~Qiu

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q57uokrSgsY

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