悲伤 孤独 焦虑是的正常情绪
Sadness, loneliness and anxiety are normal feelings
that everyone has experienced
These feelings can be triggered by specific events,
like the loss of a loved one
or a humiliating work experience.
But when our dark emotional state
begins to cause physical symptoms
and last for long periods of time,
it can dramatically affect our everyday behavior
and inhibit us from leading normal healthy lives.
Despite the social stigma associated with it,
major depression disorder’s surprisingly common.
Studies show that 13 % of the global population
would suffer from depression in some point of their life
And even the World Health Organization considers
depression to be a major factor in disease of all types
Despite depression being seemingly so common place,
the causes of depression and the different factors
that make it more likely to occur are often misunderstood.
So what types of thought processes
lead more easily to depressive states
and waht makes some people more likely than others
to suffer from chronic depression?
In a landmark 1992 study,
Rose and Abramson established a clear link
between three pessimistic tendencies,
also called negative inferential styles
and chronic depression.
Number one: Cause.
The first occurs when an individual
blames global causes for negative life events
instead of specific causes.
Someone who makes these types of attributions
will look at a negative event
as caused by something that can not be changed by them
and extends across all areas of their life.
Instead of addressing the specifics of the situation
and looking to move forward from it in a positive way.
At the same time,
they also assume that their successes are one-off situations
that are lucky or coincidental
and not a result of their own effort and behavior.
Number 2: Consequence.
Even if someone does not assume that
they are the main, unchanging cause of
negative events in their life,
they may still have trouble seeing
how a negative situation could turn out positively.
People with this outlook on life
see the worst in every situation
and assume the worst possible outcomes.
Even though they might not
blame themselves for a particular event,
they tell themselves that
there’s no way to recover from it,
believing that they will forever be dealing with the
consequences of the negative situation.
Number 3: Self-image.
Individuals with this third tendency
regularly compare themselves with others
who are performing better than them in a certain task.
Because they view themselves so negatively and believe
that they are the cause of every negative life event,
They can not see a way forward from their current situation.
They see themselves as the root cause of every issue
and so feel a deep sense of hopelessness.
Although there are many different factors
which contribute to chronic depression,
these negative attribution styles always play a major role.
Helping individuals who suffer from depression
to seek therapy focused on
developing more positive ways of thinking,
building a strong self-image
and better understanding the root cause of their emotions
and how to constructively deal with them
is an essential part of treatment.
As with most illness,
the deep shame that accompanies depression can be paralyzing.
Please help end the stigma associated with
depression and other mental illnesses
by coming forward to speak about your own struggles,
encouraging others to come forward
and always being willing to listen without judgment.
悲伤 孤独 焦虑是的正常情绪