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画笔的历史

The History of the Paintbrush

The paintbrush has been used for many centuries.
画笔已经被使用了好几个世纪
It has been made from a variety of materials for its handle,
它的笔杆以及它最要紧的刷毛
and most importantly its bristles.
是由各种各样的材料做成的
In ancient Egypt,
在古老的埃及
craftsmen used macerated reed fibers.
工匠们使用浸软的芦苇纤维做刷毛
Whilst in East Asia, it was feathers.
然而在东亚地区 用的是羽毛
In Europe and the Americas, animal hair was commonly used.
在欧美地区 普遍使用的是动物的毛发
It’s till the Italian painter Cennino Cennini
直到意大利画家琴尼诺·琴尼尼
that we own the first mention of the paintbrush,
我们才首次提出了画笔的说法
in the craftsman’s handbook of the late 1390s.
在十四世纪九十年代末的《艺匠手册》中
It is hard to say when brush making became a specialized craft.
很难说什么时候制刷成了一门专门的手艺
But by the 17th century,
但是到了十七世纪
artists began to speak of choosing
艺术家们开始谈论选择
rather than making brushes for themselves.
而不是为自己制作画笔
As the materials used in making paintbrushes have changed over the years,
随着制造画笔的材料多年来的变化
so as the way the brush is held.
画笔的握法因此也发生了变化
Today, the usual grip is with brush parallel to the fingers,
今天 通常的握法是将刷子与手指平行
like a writing instrument.
就像握着一个书写工具
But whether the brush is made of hair or synthetic fibers
但不管刷子是毛发做的还是合成纤维做的
or round or flat in shape.
不管是圆形还是扁平
It is proved a useful tool throughout the centuries
几个世纪以来 事实证明它是种有用的工具
and its evolution continues.
而且它的发展还在继续

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视频概述

几个世纪以来,画笔发生了怎样的变化?它起源于何时何地?这个视频从格罗夫艺术在线深入这个艺术工具的历史。

听录译者

翻译译者

Rachel

审核员

审核员CS

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-b9Jtc6aQ3Q

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