ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

关于历史和将来的一切——时间 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

关于历史和将来的一切——时间

The History and Future of Everything -- Time

时间每一分每一秒都是有意义的
Time makes sense in small pieces.
但当你看大块时间时
But when you look at huge stretches of time,
把你的思绪从各种事物中抽出来几乎是不可能的
it’s almost impossible to wrap your head around things.
所以让我们从小的开始
So let’s start small
小至分钟 小时 一天
with minutes, hours, days.
你大概把过去的24个小时几乎都花在睡觉和工作
You probably spent the last 24 hours mostly sleeping and working,
在这儿或那儿喝着咖啡
with some coffee in there somewhere.
请看少些电视
Please watch less TV.
现在请看2013年 几乎被忽视
Now let’s look at 2013: relatively unnoticed,
希特勒的保镖96岁时去世了
Hitler’s bodyguard died at the age of 96
而爱德华·斯洛登在六月爆发了国家安全局窃听丑闻
while in June, Edward Snowden started the NSA scandal.
时间往回一点 是21世纪初期
Moving back a bit, the 21st century is still pretty young and
由于911事件影响
largely shaped by the attacks on 9/11
最终导致了第三次伊拉克战争
that ultimately led to the third Iraq war.
对了 也是那时候脸书和智能手机开始占据了我们的大部分生活
Oh, and Facebook and smartphones took over our lives.
但是 我们这才刚刚开始
But we’re just getting started:
我们再看看更早之前
Let’s back up further!
二十世纪也经历过一些冲突
The 20th century has seen its share of conflicts too.
两次毁灭性的世界大战之后
After two devastating World Wars,
冷战持续了差不多整整半个世纪
the Cold War lasted for almost the whole second half of it.
一个人的平均寿命基本能经历这整个时期
An average human lifespan covers most of this stuff
同时也诞生了互联网 自此开启了信息时代
as well as the birth of the internet and the beginning of the information age.
至此为止世界上最长寿的人是大川美佐绪
The oldest living person on Earth is currently Misao Okawa,
她生于1898年 也就是说她的出生日期接近于
who was born in 1898, which means that her birth was closer to
拿破仑统治欧洲时期
Napoleon ruling Europe than to the current day.
人类过去五百年的历史
The last 500 years of human history
带来了生活方式的巨大改变
brought enormous changes to our lifestyles:
工业化带来了像共产主义这样的新思想
Industrialisation gave rise to new ideas like communism,
农民变成工人 知识也更容易分配
farmers became workers and knowledge became easier to distribute.
理论革命改变了我们看待自己和生存环境的方式
The theory of evolution changed how we saw ourselves and the world we live in.
这一切都发生在几百年间
All in a few hundred years!
十五世纪意义重大
The 15th century was very eventful:
哥伦布美洲’新大陆’的发现以及罗马的衰落
Columbus’s “discovery” of America and the fall of Constantinople
标志着中世纪的结束
mark the end of the Middle Ages.
中世纪的人们热衷于争夺宗教和领土的战争
People in the Middle Ages where super into war over territory and religion
但是鼠疫的影响远远高于战争
but the Black Plague was far more efficient than war,
六年时间因为鼠疫欧洲减少了三分之一的人口
killing every third European in six years.
到了公元时期 来看看我们从哪来的吧
Arriving in the Common Era, let’s take a look where we came from!
我们这个世纪刚过去十几年 还太短 2013年几乎可以忽略不计
Our current century is tiny, and 2013 is barely visible.
这就是有人类记载的历史
This is recorded human history.
金字塔建于四千五百年之前
The pyramids were constructed 4,500 years ago,
罗马帝国的巅峰时期也是两千年前
the peak of the Roman Empire was 2,000 years ago,
所以罗马人和金字塔对我们今天的来说都是很古老的存在
so to the Romans the pyramids were as old as the Romans are to us today.
历史从那时候开始记载 那么在那之前又是怎么样的呢
History starts with writing. But what happened before that?
约一万两千年前 发生了农业革命
About 12,000 years ago, the agricultural revolution took place.
人类开始耕种 由此也衍生了
Mankind began farming, which gave rise to
城市和更大的共同体的出现
the existence of cities and larger communities.
人类对地球的统治地位实际上也就是从那时候开始的
The dominance of the human species over planet Earth really started here.
九万年以前 迪安德特人和人类都生活在欧洲
90,000 years ago, neanderthals and humans coexist in Europe.
有意思的是 这大致上也是现代飞行器到达距离最近的
Fun fact: this is roughly the time period a modern spacecraft
星球的抵达周期
would need to reach the nearest star.
现代人是由二十万年前的智人进化来的
Homo sapiens, the modern human, evolved 200,000 years ago.
环顾人类的所有历史 我们说公元时期真的很短 对不对
Looking at all of human history, what we call AD seems pretty small, doesn’t it?
六百万年前 是我们的祖先
6,000,000 years ago, our ancestors
和现代黑猩猩最后一次拥有共同的祖先
and the modern chimpanzee shared a common ancestor for the last time,
两百七十五万年以前 石制工具风靡一时
and for 2,750,000 years, stone tools were all the rage.
仅仅距今六千五百万年前 恐龙灭绝了
A mere 65,000,000 years ago, the age of the dinosaurs ended in
一次巨大的爆炸 带来了哺乳动物的兴起
an enormous explosion, which paved the way for the rise of mammals.
但是恐龙其实统治了地球相当长一段时间
But the dinosaurs ruled the Earth for an incredibly long time:
甚至超过一亿六千五百万年
over 165,000,000 years!
意味着一只生活在六千五百万年前的霸王龙看到
That’s so long that it means a T. rex that lived 65,000,000 years ago
麦莉 塞蕾斯演唱会的可能性大于看到
is closer to seeing a live Miley Cirus concert
一只活的剑龙
than to seeing a live stegosaurus!
这颗星球上六亿年前开始出现动物
Animal life on this planet started 600,000,000 years ago:
最早的动物是鱼个其他的低级海洋小生物
the earliest animals were fish and other small simple sea creatures,
然后出现了昆虫 接着是爬行动物
then came insects, then reptiles,
最后 大约两亿年前
and finally, around 200,000,000 years ago,
哺乳动物闪亮登场
mammals join the party!
生命本身起源要追溯到
Life itself began much further back:
3.6亿年以前
3,600,000,000 years ago.
在动物出现之前 也就是24亿年前
Before any animals appeared, there were 2,400,000,000 years
生命还只是很小的微生物
when life consisted only of tiny microbes,
还是些数以万计的单细胞细菌
countless single-cell bacteria.
30亿年的时间 地球上存在过的一切生命肉眼已经无法看到
For 3,000,000,000 years, all life on Earth was invisible to the naked eye.
难以理解单细胞的生物怎样
It’s hard to understand how single-cell organisms
进化成了像鱼或树懒这样复杂的生命形式
could develop into complex life forms like fish or sloths.
答案就是 时间
The answer is time,
整整24亿年确实是
a whole lot of time:
一段非常非常久的进化
2,400,000,000 years is lot of time to work with!
46亿年前 太阳从一场巨大的爆炸残余中诞生
4,600,000,000 years ago, the Sun was born from the remnants of a giant explosion,
六千万年后 地球成形了
60,000,000 years later, Earth formed.
早些年的彗星和小行星的频繁爆炸
In those early years, frequent bombardment by comets and asteroids
给地球提供了广阔的海洋和可以发射飞船上去的月球
supplied the Earth with large oceans and a moon to send spaceships to.
但就整个宇宙来说 我们太阳系还很年幼
But as far as the whole universe goes, our Solar system is pretty new.
宇宙诞生于137.5亿年前
13,750,000,000 years ago, the universe was born, and
而六亿年以后 在无数星球中 我们的星系成形了
600,000,000 years later, our own galaxy formed from billions of stars,
可是 宇宙大爆炸之前又是什么样的呢
but what was before the Big Bang?
事实上 我们现在还不知道 也可能永远无法知晓了
The truth is, we don’t know that yet, and maybe we never will.
但是至少我们可以对它发挥一点想象
But we gave it some colours so at least we have that.
那么你就会看到
And there you have it:
从前
the past.
现在 我们看看关于未来我们知道些什么
Now let’s take a look at what we know about the future.
大约十亿年后
In roughly 1,000,000,000 years,
太阳会变得非常非常热 地球上将没有生命能够存活
the Sun will be so hot that life on Earth becomes impossible.
四十亿年后太阳的死亡也标志着太阳系走到了终点
The death of the Sun 4,000,000,000 years later marks the end of the Solar system.
好吧 那就再也没有太阳系了
OK, so no more Solar system.
那之后又会发生什么呢
And what happens after that?
距今几万亿年后 星球将会停止运动
A few trillions years from now, star production will cease
接着有一天宇宙中最后一颗星球也会死去
and one day the last star in the universe will die.
宇宙又会是一片黑暗
The universe will turn dark,
只剩下了黑洞
inhabited only by black holes.
很久很久之后 最后一个黑洞蒸发了
Long after the last black hole has evaporated,
我们的宇宙也到了最后阶段
our universe reaches its final stage,
也叫热寂
something called heat death.
此后 什么都不会改变了
Nothing changes anymore,
因为 宇宙
the universe
已经永远地
is dead
死了
forever.
是不是立刻觉得毛骨悚然 对吧?
Now you’re feeling some pretty weird feelings right now, aren’t you?
我们都会这样
We are too.
这只是自然反应
It’s only natural.
好消息是
The good news is:
这都是特别遥远特别遥远的未来
this is all far, far away.
真正重要的时间其实是现在!
The only time that actually matters is now!
你对哪个可爱的妹子有好感
That cute girl you like,
约她出去啊!
ask her out!
时间是无比宝贵的
Time is precious,
别白白浪费啊!
make it count!
字幕由“Amara.org”社区提供
Subtitles by the Amara.org community

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

追根溯源,看看世界从何而来?热寂是宇宙的濒死阶段

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

【LR】Fanny

审核员

自动通过审核

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2XkV6IpV2Y0

相关推荐