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加速发展

The Great Acceleration

Hi, this is Alex, from MinuteEarth
嗨 我是来自分钟地球的Alex
and this is the so-called “hockey stick graph”.
这个图称作“曲棍球杆曲线”
You’ve probably seen it before,
你很可能曾见过它
because Earth’s temperature has risen so fast over the last few decades
因为全球气温在过去几十年增长很快
that it looks kind of like a hockey stick.
让它看起来有点像一根曲棍球杆
Except, a hockey stick is also a graph of
另外 一根曲棍球杆也是曲线图 表示
the amount of plastic we make each year.
我们每年制造塑料的数量
And the number of extinctions we’re causing.
我们造成灭绝的生物数量
And the amount of fertilizer we put in our oceans.
我们排进海里的肥料的数量
Aaaand the amount of fish we catch.
我们捕鱼的数量
And how many people there are on Earth.
全球人口的数量
And how much energy we use.
我们消耗能源的数量
There are hockey stick graphs everywhere
曲棍球杆曲线无处不在
we could probably even make one about the number of hockey sticks.
我们甚至很可能画出一条有关曲棍球杆数量的增长曲线
That’s because we’re experiencing the Great Acceleration
那是因为我们正在经历“加速发展”
a rapid and world-changing increase in the intensity and scale
一种在强度和规模上改变世界的快速增长
at which humans do nearly everything.
人类几乎在以这种势头做所有事
For most humans throughout history –
对于历史上的大多数人-
meaning the cumulative 100 billion or so people
即累计有大约一千亿的人类
who existed along the flat part of the stick
曾生存于曲棍曲线的平滑部分
not much changed from year to year or even century to century.
期间年复一年甚至世纪交替都不会改变多少
If someone went to bed in the year 1020 and slept for 200 years
假如有人在1020年沉眠 睡了200年
they’d wake up in a world with slightly more people
他们一觉醒来 世界上只稍微多了些人
living lives just as long (or as short)
寿命和他们一样长(或一样短)
and with each person still using mostly wood for heat
而且人们依旧大多使用木头取暖
and animals for power.
用动物提供动力
In other words, humans still weren’t that big of a deal
也就是说 人们仍然不会感觉到不适
But if someone went to bed in 1820
但是假如有人在1820年沉睡
and slept for 200 years (that is, until today!)
睡了200年(对 直到今天!)
they’d wake up in a world with 7 times as many people
他们一觉醒来 人口是以前的七倍
who live 2.5 times as long as in 1820
人的寿命是以前的2.5倍
and who use weird and climate-changing fuels
而且他们使用古怪的改变气候的燃料
to power their homes and run their mechanical industries
为家庭提供动力 经营机械工业
In today’s world, humans are a planetary-scale force.
在如今的世界 人类是一种全球性的力量
This Great Acceleration – the curve in the hockey stick – happened largely;
这种加速发展(曲棍球杆的弯曲处)增长迅速
because since 1800s,
因为自19世纪以来
we’ve been unleashing the incredible energy contained in fossil fuels like never before.
我们前所未有地一直释放大量化石燃料能源
Initially, fossil fuels powered growth mostly in North America and Europe,
最初 化石燃料主要推动了北美和欧洲的发展
but the big, planet-changing, worldwide Great Acceleration didn’t happen
但是巨大的改变全球的世界性加速发展并没有出现
until after World War II and independence movements in Africa and Asia,
直到二战和独立运动在非洲和亚洲爆发后
when people worldwide gained more access to these fuels,
全世界人民才有更多机会使用这些燃料
as well as to new farming technology and public health breakthroughs.
以及利用新农业技术和取得公共卫生突破
As a result, our world today – and our influence on the world –
因此 我们今天的世界和我们对世界的影响
is vastly different not only from 1950, and 1820, 1220, and 1020, it’s vastly different from
不仅与1950 1850 1220 1020年有极大的不同 更迥异于
the world as it was experienced by the vast majority of humans over the vast majority of human existence.
那个绝大多数人类在绝大部分历史时期经历的世界
And because the world has gotten so different so quickly
因为这个世界变化如此之快
if someone fell asleep today and woke up in 200 years
如果有人今日沉睡 200年后醒来
there’s really no telling what they’d find.
真的说不准会发生什么
This video was sponsored by the University of Minnesota
本视频由明尼苏达大学赞助播出
where students, faculty and staff across all fields of study
这里的所有研究领域的学生 教职人员
are working to solve the Grand Challenges facing society.
都在努力解决社会面临的巨大挑战
And it turns out that pretty much all of the challenges are wrapped up in the Great Acceleration
事实上几乎所有的挑战都在加速发展中爆发
Assuring Clean Water and Sustainable Ecosystems
确保洁净的水和可持续发展的生态系统
Fostering Just and Equitable Communities
促进社区公平公正
Advancing Health Through Tailored Solutions
通过个性化方案提升健康
Enhancing Individual and Community Capacity for a Changing World
增强个人和社区适应世界变化的能力
and Feeding the World Sustainably.
维持全世界温饱问题
In addition to researching these Grand Challenges
除了研究这些巨大的挑战
the University also teaches about them,
这所大学还教授这些课程
like through the course “Living the Good Life at the End of the World”
如通过这个课程“在世界的尽头拥有美好生活”
where Institute on the Environment director Jessica Hellmann and English professor Dan Philippon
环境主任Jessica Hellmann和英语教授 Dan Philippon的研究
help student consider what it means to live a good life in this moment of rapid change.
帮助学生思考 在快速改变的时代 什么是美好生活
Thanks, University of Minnesota!
感谢 明尼苏达大学

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视频概述

世界在加速发展,我们都在历史上前所未有的时期,在曲棍球棒的顶端!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

JUST DO IT (JDI)

审核员

审核员SR

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1JAOXTOwjdY

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