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眼镜的功用与潮流 – 译学馆
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眼镜的功用与潮流

The function and fashion of eyeglasses | Small Thing Big Idea, a TED series

I think that at the time, Catwoman had a really cool pair of glass
我觉得那时在电视上播放的蝙蝠侠系列中
in the Batman series that was on television.
猫女有一副非常炫酷的眼镜
And I wanted to be cool like her.
我想像她一样酷
It didn’t occur to me that glasses were really a medical device.
我从没想到眼镜真的是医疗设备
Small Thing. Big Idea.
小东西 大创意
When light rays reflect off an object
当光线从物体上反射回来
and enter the eye through the cornea,
通过角膜进入眼睛
your retina converts this light into electrical impulses that are sent to the brain,
你的视网膜将光线转换为被发送到大脑的电脉冲
which interprets the impulses
大脑翻译脉冲中的信息
and allows you to understand what you’re seeing.
让你理解你看到的东西
Eyeglasses help you see.
眼镜帮助你看清东西
The earliest forms of eye gear can be traced back 4,000 years.
眼镜装备的最早形式可以追溯到四千年前
Cultures that needed to adapt to climates that were snowy created eye shields,
需要适应下雪气候的文化造就了眼镜
and they were made of bone and animal hides.
这种眼镜是由骨头和动物皮制成
They had small slits for people to see through, but no lenses.
眼镜上有供人们看东西的小缝隙 但没有镜片
The first vision aid was called a reading stone
第一个视力辅助工具被称为阅读石
and was invented over 1,000 years ago.
发明于一千多年前
It’s not exactly clear who invented the first eyeglasses,
尚不清楚谁发明了第一副眼镜
but many people attribute it to the Italians.
但很多人把它归功于意大利人
Early versions of eyeglasses were called rivet spectacles.
早期版本的眼镜叫铆合眼镜
They were two magnifying glasses that were hinged together at the bridge of the nose.
它们是两个铰接在鼻梁上的放大镜
It took some time for eyeglasses to land on the perfect design.
过了很久眼镜的设计才达到完美
They didn’t really have sides,
早期的眼镜并没有侧面
which are also called temples, or arms,
也就是镜腿或镜臂
until about the 17th century.
直到大约17世纪
Modern-day eyeglasses feature a pair of rims that hold corrective lenses,
现代眼镜主要有一对装有矫正镜片的镜圈
a bridge that connects the rims,
一个连接镜圈的鼻梁
sides that slide behind the ears,
可以在耳后滑动的镜腿
hinges that connect the sides to the frames,
把镜腿和镜框连接起来的铰链
and on some glasses, a pair of temple tips for behind the ear comfort.
一些眼镜上还有确保耳后舒适的脚套
In American culture,
在美国文化中
20th century cinema helped popularize eyeglasses.
20世纪的电影院促进了眼镜的推广
Audiences would see glamorous actresses and actors
观众会看到迷人的演员们
donning glasses to take on a different persona.
戴上眼镜扮演不同的角色
Sometimes a pair of glasses became popularized by the actual person that was wearing them,
有时 眼镜会因为佩戴它们的人而受欢迎
and then that personality trait was projected into the actual device.
那种性格特征会映射到实际的配件中
You had the aviator glasses,
飞行员眼镜
which showed a forward-thinking, adventurous type of person.
代表有前瞻性和冒险精神的人
Glasses with heavy frames signified intelligence or nerdiness.
厚镜框的眼镜象征着聪颖或书呆子
Wayfarers signified this kind of nerdy punk, the outlaw, the misfit.
徒步旅行者意味着朋克 叛逆和不合群
Glasses have become so popular as a fashion device
眼镜作为时尚配件已经非常流行了
that some people actually don glasses without a prescription lens at all,
事实上有些人戴的是压根没有处方镜片的眼镜
because they want to portray a certain attribute about themselves.
因为他们想表现自己的某些特征
Glasses are a lifeline to people.
眼镜是人们的命脉
People that can’t see well enough to drive,
由于看得不够清楚而不能开车
well enough to cook, well enough to read
不能烹饪 不能阅读的人
rely on glasses for maintaining their lives.
都依赖眼镜维持他们的生活
And there’s lots of other objects in our society that have been created
在人类社会 我们发明了很多其他工具
to help overcome various physical obstacles.
去帮助克服各种各样的身体缺陷
And it’s only the eyeglasses that have catapulted to that fashion statement.
但只有眼镜突飞猛进地成为了时尚标志
Wouldn’t it be wonderful if anything that we use any device that we’ve invented
如果我们使用的任何物件 发明的任何辅助设备
to help our humanity? could also be elevated in the same way?
都能像眼镜一样超越其最初的用途 那该有多棒

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视频概述

在如此多的医疗设备中只有眼镜与时尚挂钩……

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Marie

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eeVCz-9SUc8

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