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怎样学得快、记得牢、用得准?试试费恩曼学习技术

The Feynman Technique

Feynman learning technique is effective full learning something new
费恩曼学习技巧对学习完整的新知识非常有效
deepen your understanding of what you already know
能够加深你对已学知识的理解
or helping you study for an exam
或帮助你参加考试
the first step is to pick a topic you want to understand and start studying it.
第一步是挑选一个 你想要理解的课题并开始学习
once you know what it is about take a piece of paper and write about it
一旦你选好了 就在一页纸上写下来
as if you’re teaching the idea to someone else
就像你要教别人的那样
ideally write and speak at the same time just as a teacher does it at the blackboard
写下来的同时要开口说 就像老师在黑板写时一样
this makes you realize which part you understand and where you still have gaps
这会提醒你你掌握了哪部分 哪部分又是你的知识缺口
whenever you get stuck go back to study and repeat that process until you have
当你卡住了 回去学习并重复刚才的步骤
explained the whole topic from start to end
直到你能从头到尾解释整个课题
when you’re done repeat the process from the beginning but this time simplify your language or
当你完成了这步 又从头开始重复过程
use a graphic analogy to make a point
但是这一次简化你的语言 或者使用图形类比来说明知识点
if your explanation ends up wordy or confusing
如果你的解释冗长又令人费解
you probably have not understood it well enough so you should start again
说明你还没有充分理解 所以你应该重新开始
thinking about an idea by explaining it makes this learning method very effective
通过解释来思考一个想法 这个学习方法非常有效
once you can explain an idea in simple language you have deeply understood it
一旦你能够用简洁的语言来解释想法 说明你已经对知识已经有了深刻理解
and will remember it for a long time
并且会长时间记住
Richard Feynman was a leading theoretical physicist who received a
理查德·费曼是杰出的理论物理学家
Nobel Prize for his work in quantum electrodynamics
因在量子电动力学方面做出的贡献 获得诺贝尔物理学奖
he was notorious for asking his fellow mathematicians to explain concepts in simple language
他出了名地喜欢请数学家同事 用简洁的语言来解释概念
to test their understanding
以此来测试他们的理解
thanks for watching
谢谢观看
also check out others Sprouts learning techniques
也欢迎收看Sprouts其他学习技巧视频
as they can complement the methods explained in this video
他们可以补充本视频解释过的学习方法
please use the comments below to give us feedback or tell us which of the techniques is your favorite
请在下面评论给我们反馈 或者让我们知道你最喜欢哪个技巧

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视频概述

著名的费恩曼学习方法如何提高人对知识的理解

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

苏家Dier

审核员

NL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tkm0TNFzIeg

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