ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

达克效应 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

达克效应

The Dunning Kruger Effect

你经常能听到这句名言:你每天都能学到新事物 对不对? 很好
You often hear the famous phrase”you learn something new every day,” right? Well,
那如果我告诉你
what if I told you
你的头脑会扭曲你新学到的知识适应你以前的观念呢?
that your mind warps new ideas to fit with your older beliefs? Now,
不要误会
don’t get me wrong,
你每天都在学习新东西 它们塑造你本人
you are learning new things every day that help shape you as a person.
有时候你会因为自己所学的新知识而自信满满
Sometimes you feel confident in these new things you
但是也免不了有时候
‘ve learned; however, we can’t avoid
受困于达克效应
sometimes falling under the Dunning-Kruger effect,
达克效应是一种认知偏见
a cognitive bias.
还不清楚它是什么?好吧
Not sure what this is? Well,
达克效应就是
the Dunning-Kruger effect is when people
当人们对一个论题了解甚少时
with very little knowledge on a topic
他们往往会明显地高估自己 而那些聪明人却会低估自己的学问
tend to significantly overestimate themselves; while, more intelligent people underestimate their knowledge.
比如说 你是否曾在考试那天
As an example, have you ever walked into a classroom the day
怀着从未有过的自信走进教室
of an exam with an unprecedented sense of confidence,
尽管前一天晚上你并没有怎么学习
Despite not having studied a lot the night before?
或者你表现得真好相反
or perhaps you were just the opposite.
你学了整整一个晚上
You studied all night long,
可是一旦你坐下来考试
But upon sitting down to take the test,
你突然觉得似乎
suddenly you feel as if there were
你忘记复习了
things you might have forgotten to review.
吉米·坎摩尔主持的深夜脱口秀节目中的“见证谎言的新闻”环节也进一步证实了这点
Late-night talk show host Jimmy Kimmel’s”Lie Witness News”segments further exemplify this…
在这个环节里一名工作人员随机选些路人
The segment consists of a crew asking random
先告诉他们一些错误的消息 再问他们一些问题
Pedestrians questions that have false premises placed in.
比如问他们对一个根本不存在的乐队持什么观点
for example, Asking people their opinion on a band that doesn’t exist.
有些人对这个根本不存在的乐队
The lengths to which some people go describing
的喜爱程度的描述
how much they love that band, that
简直令人咋舌
doesn’t really exist, is breathtaking.
这仅仅是达克效应发生作用的一个例子
That’s just one example of the dunning-kruger effect set in motion.
如果你仔细考虑 它也是有道理的
It makes sense if you think about it.
在镜头面前
No one wants to appear clueless
没人想对自己表示喜欢的事情表现的一无所知
about something they claim to enjoy in front of a camera.
而且我们会拿出自信
And the confidence we pull out to make us
让我们看起来对这个我们毫不了解的事情
seem knowledgeable on something we know very little about
颇有了解且极具说服力 甚至骗过了自己
can be very convincing, even to ourselves.
我们大脑很容易说: 我是通过储存在头脑中的
It’s easy for our brains to say I understand this based
杂乱无用的信息来理解事情的
on the clutter of meaningless information stored in our head.
我们头脑中产生的这些联系有时候
The connections made in our mind sometimes even
甚至会欺骗我们自己 以至于我们都认识不到自己的无知
managed to fool ourselves into not recognizing our own ignorance.
这个无意义的信息常常包括我们随时间推移习得的错误概念
This meaningless information can often consist of misconceptions that we’ve gained over time.
即使当我们知道这些概念是错的 我们也不能真正摆脱它们
These misconceptions never really leave us — even if we know they’re wrong.
事实上 我们经常会歪曲或者彻底忘记
In fact, we can often bend, or outright forget,
新的消息 以适应已有的信息
new information to make it fit with previous information.
所以我们要如何意识到这一点 而且更重要的是
So how do we recognize, and more importantly,
避免掉进达克效应的陷阱呢?
avoid falling into the dunning-kruger effect? Well,
我们应该尽可能多地训练自己
we should all strive to educate ourselves as much as possible.
毕竟学习理论和想法并不是件坏事
After all it isn’t a bad thing to learn theories and ideas.
虽然理论对你的帮助有限
Theory will only take you so far though,
在可控环境下进行测试也不一定可行
and testing things in a controlled environment isn’t always possible.
就是说 你以为自己知道解决之道时
This means you won’t always be 100 % prepared
也不可能总准备得万无一失
for situations you might think you learned how to deal with.
但是没关系 没人会要求你在仅仅学习了基础知识后
And that’s ok, you aren’t expected to know everything…
就知道所有事情
After just learning the basics.
事实上他们会鼓励你坚持学习
In fact, you’re encouraged to keep learning,
保持质疑 思考自己思维可能存在的漏洞
To keep questioning, and to consider how your own thinking can be flawed,
或者误区
or misguided.
意识到我们对事物的不理解
Coming to terms with the things we don’t
是我们消除误解 学习新事物
understand is the first step towards clearing
要踏出的第一步
up misunderstandings, and learning new things.
正如苏格拉底所说 “当我们意识到我们对生活 对自己以及对周围的世界所知甚少时
As Socrates said,”True wisdom comes to each of us when we realize how little we understand about life, ourselves,
我们便拥有了真正的智慧” 感谢观看 不要忘记订阅《来吧 心理学》
and the world around us.” Thank you for watching, and don’t forget to subscribe to Psych2Go

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

无知要比知识更容易产生自信。”—— 查尔斯·达尔文为什么无知者反而更自信?原来是达克效应在起作用。三分钟一起了解达克效应吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

哟嚯嚯~,哦嚯嚯嚯

审核员

审核员HL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZxCuymd_3E

相关推荐