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The difference between ‘when’ and ‘while’ – Spoken English Lesson

嘿 你们知道吗 我小的时候很调皮
Hey friends you know what? When I was a child, I was very naughty. I don’t know if I should
对于‘’When I was a child, I was very naughty.‘’这句话中该用“when”还是用“while” 我也有点儿迷糊 你也一样么
say? When I was a child or while I was a child? I’m a little confused. Are you confused? Well,
嗯 也有一点儿吧 那咱们就来搞清楚英语中“when”和“while”该如何抉择
a little, let’s find out. Today we are going to look at, when to use when and while? When
当提及同时发生的动作 或过去的某一段时光
we are referring to actions that were happening at the same time or maybe sometimes you refer
的时候 你就会这样表述“ That time something happened‘’
to a past period in your life and you want to say, ‘ That time something happened’. And
这时我们往往困惑于‘’when‘’和‘’while‘’的选取那么 我们继续讲
often we get confused as in when to use when? And when to use while? So let’s take a look.
比如说 “I was reading,when you called”这里用when 因为是
If I say, ‘ I was reading, when you called’. Now use when in a sentence, when you have
一个短动作 假设我已经看了两个小时书
a short action. So you have a long action. Now imagine I’m reading like I’ve been reading
在这两小时中你打给我 所以 当你打给我 这个更短的动作
for two hours and in those two hours, you call. So when you called the shorter action
被打断了 你有一个持续的动作 而打电话是个短动作 这时用when
is interrupted. So you have a longer action and call is a shorter action use when. To
如果该例句中用while替换when 行吗不行 你想说的是在那个瞬间
say’ I was reading while you called’ Does it sound right? No. You want to say at that
你打电话过来的瞬间 虽然句子中的确有一个持续的动作
moment. When you called at that moment. So you may have a long action in the sentence
好像是个连续的动作但被一个短暂的动作打断了 这时 要用when
like this a continuous action. But you have a shorter action interrupting use when, so
when you have a shorter action in the sentence. It is always better to use when.
那么 如何使用while呢 如果我说“I was working,while you were reading”
Now let’s see how you’d use while? If I say “I was working, while you were reading’.
可以看出 这里两个动作是同时发生的我在工作 所以
Now if you see two actions were happening simultaneously. I was working, so working
我也许已经工作了3小时 而你在读书也是同时发生的
I was working probably for three hours and you were reading. So reading was also happening
——持续了好一段时间 当你表述两个持续的动作
over a long period of time, when you are talking about two long actions, it is always better
用while比较适合 虽然你也可以用when 但正如我所说 长动作用while更好
to use while. Well, you could use when, but like I said longer actions use while. “So
举个例子 “I was cooking,while you were surfing the internet”
while you were reading’. So for example, “I was cooking, while you were surfing the internet’.
这里 “cooking”是个持续动作而“you were surfing”这一动作也可能持续了
That means my action of cooking was a long action and you were surfing maybe for probably
半小时 那么这两个动作都是长时间持续性的
half an hour. So the actions both the actions were in continuity and both were long. So
这时用while更好 当然你也可以用when但当两个长动作
it is always better to use while. You can use when, but if you have two long actions
同时发生时 最好用while
that were happening simultaneously use while.
下一个例句“I like to wear casual clothes,when I’m on holiday”现在我说的是
My next example “I like to wear casual clothes, when I’m on holiday’. Now here I’m talking
某一时间点 什么时候呢 那段时候哪段时间啊 我度假的那段时间
about some point of time. When? At that time. Which time? When I’m on holiday. I like to
我会穿便服 ‘‘when I m on a holiday‘’表示在那时那该句中用while可以吗
wear casual clothes, when I’m on a holiday that means at that time. While I’m on holiday.
不行 当你表述某一特定时间段或某一动作紧接着另一动作发生时
No, so when I’m on a holiday or you want to say one action happens immediately after the
要用when 该例句是前者 所以用when因为如果你说
other use when. So here you’re referring to at that time, so use when. Because if you
“I like to wear casual clothes,while I’m on a holiday”这是错的 你说的是
say “I like to wear casual clothes, while I’m on a holiday’ No, you are referring to
在那个时候 哪个时候呢 你在度假的时候所以 用when 别用while
at that time. Which point of time? When you’re on a holiday. So use when, so do not use while
这里如果用while的话 就不能准确的表达意象
in this such a sentence. This would really not give you the correct picture or the meaning.
当你要表达某特定时刻或特定时间段 要用when
Use when, when you want to say “At that point of time’. Or “At that time.
下一例句 “He came out,when the bell rang” 这里可以看到 一个动作
Now my next example, ‘He came out, when the bell rang’. Now if you go to see, one action
紧跟着另一个动作 因此 这时 要用when
follows another. So when you have one action following the other use when. He came out
他什么时候出来了呢 是铃声响起来的时候一个动作紧接着
when? When the bell rang, so the bell rang and he came out. So one action is happening
另一个发生了 先是铃响了 然后他出来了 当有两个这样的短动作时 用when
after the other. First the bell rang then he came out, so when you have such short actions
下面这个例子 几乎都是两个短动作 要用when“He fell when he climbed the tree”
in this case there are almost two short actions. Use when or I can say’ He fell when he climbed
他爬树的时候掉下来了 他爬树再掉下来所以这时
the tree’ So he fell, when he climbed, so he climbed and he fell, so maybe at that time
一个动作紧跟着另一个 在这种情况下 用when
one action happened after the other. You could use when in such a situation, when you have
当有两个很短的动作或表述两个紧接着发生的动作时 用when
two shorter actions or when you want to say one action immediately happened after another
那么 再问 刚才的例句可以改when为while行么
action use when. Now if I said the same thing with while, “He came out while the bell
不行的 没有这样的句子虽然用while人家最后也可以明白你想表达的意思
rang’. No, you can’t have such a sentence. Well, people will eventually understand what
但是这种句式最好用when 像这样 “He came out when the bell rang”
you mean to say, but it is always better to use when.He came out when the bell rang. So remember when one
所以切记表述一个动作紧接着另一个动作发生或两个短动作的时候 最好要用when
action immediately happens after another, it is always better to use when, because probably
因为我们可能说的是两个短动作 这两个短动作有点儿不同
we are talking about two short actions. So there is a slight difference between the two
这正好能让你把这两个动作区分开 现在 假定我指的是生命中某一特定阶段或者
and this is how you identify the difference. Now supposing I’m referring to a particular
生命中的一段时光 我要用一种回到过去的口吻说“When I was a child”
phase of life or maybe period of life, I’m going back in the past and saying, “When
或者“when I was a teenager”’或“When I was in college”我过得很开心
I was a child or when I was a teenager or when I was in college. I had a great time’.
所以 当你谈到某个年纪或人生的某个阶段的时候 要用when 比如“When I was a child we lived in London”
So when you talk about an age or a period of life use when like this, “When I was
这句话里”when I was a child”是个特定的年纪或时期
a child we lived in London. Now when I was a child, it’s a particular age or a period
我小时候 我们住在伦敦表示在那个特定年龄段我们住在伦敦
of life. When I was a child, we lived in London that means at that particular age or
所以我指的是一个过去的时间 可能在那个时候
a period of life. We lived in London. So I’m referring to a past time, maybe at that time,
在我那么大的时候 发生了这样的一个事情
when I was of that age this is what happened. So remember use when, when you talk about
所以记住 在谈到年纪或生命中某特定时间段或某特定阶段时 要用when
age or a particular period of life or a stage of life.
如果用while 就有点不对劲了上一例句中就不能用while替换when
Now if I use while, It would really not make sense, because I can’t say, “While I was
如果这句话用while替换when 能说通吗 并不
a child, we lived in London. So while I was a child. Does it make sense? No I’m referring
我指的是我生命中的一个阶段 这种情况应该用when而不是while
to a stage of life of mine and that should be when and not while. So the correct one
would be “When I was a child’ So you do not use while to refer to age or a particular
要用when噢 切记切记 这点很重要
stage or a phase or a period in your life.Use when. Do remember this. This is very important.
So this is the small difference between when and while. When you are talking about two
所以当提及两个动作 一个长 一个短短动作把长的打断了 要用when
actions one is a long one, one is a short one that has interrupted the long action.
但是如果你在讨论两个在过去同时发生的长动作 那么 不要犹豫 就用while
Use when, but if you’re talking about two long actions that was simultaneously happening
当你表述在某一特定时候 要用when不用while
in the past. Well, go ahead and use while. When you want to say at that point of time
举个例子 我度假的时候喜欢穿便服
use when, do not use while. For example, I like to wear casuals, when I’m on a holiday,
don’t say while I’m on a holiday.
当表述一个动作紧接着另一个动作发生时尤其是两个短动作时 请用when
When one action follows the other specially when there are two small actions. Please use
when, It is a better option than while. And yes definitely when you are referring to an
或你生命中的某一特定时期 不要犹豫
age or a stage in your life. Maybe a particular phase, a period in your life. Go ahead and
用when 因为用while 完全错
use when, because it is absolutely incorrect to use while.
So this is the small difference between when and while and I hope you enjoy this lesson.
去吧 以后你要再说的时候 要把这两个词说对咯
Go ahead and use these two words correctly, when you speak in your day to day life. I
另外 我给你们准备了一个小测试做一下并告诉我你们的成绩哦
do have a small test for you, take it and let me know your scores. I’ll be back soon
我会很快再来给你们上新课保重 拜拜
with a new lesson. Till then take care and bye.