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建筑机器人时代到来

The Construction Robots are Coming | The B1M

Rapid developments in robotics and artificial
人工智能机器人极速发展
intelligence are ushering in a new age that
到了一个全新的阶段
could change profoundly change the way we live.
一个可以深刻地改变我们生活的阶段
From smart houses to self-driving cars,
从智能家居到无人驾驶汽车
the applications of AI and robotics are virtually
人工智能和机器人技术的应用几乎是
limitless.
无限的
The construction industry is by no means immune to these developments.
建筑工业绝不会得不到发展
It’s an incredibly
这是一个非常
exciting time for our sector
激动人心的时刻
as numerous pioneers and research teams develop robotic technology
因为许多先锋和研究团队正研发发机器人技术
to take over dangerous or highly repetitive tasks improving quality, productivity and efficiency. Here,
来承担危险或高度单一重复的任务 提高了产品质量 生产力和生产效率
we delve
在此 我们来探究
into the roles that robots are starting to play in construction and look
机器人在建筑领域开始扮演的角色
at how they will affect our industry in the future.
帮并且看看在未来他们将如何影响我们的工业
Before we start, it’s important to be clear
在我们开始之前
on the difference between a machine and a robot.
了解机器和机器人的区别是非常重要的
While all robots are machines, not all machines are robots.
所有的机器人都是机器 然而并是所有的机器都是机器人
Ultimately what sets a robot apart
最终将机器人和机器区别开来的
from a machine is its ability to be programmed to
是它被编写程序去承担复杂的任务
undertake complex tasks and to operate, at the very least,
和至少在半自动化水平上实行操作
on a semi-autonomous level.
的能力
While a worker lifting a heavy load
尽管工人用外骨骼机械臂提起一个很重的货物
with an exoskeleton might appear robotic, the process
看起来与机器人有关 这个过程
is still controlled and operated by the worker.
仍然是被工人控制和操作的
The same can be said for drones.
无人机也是同样的道理
Though they are able to carry out a series of tasks,
尽管无人机能够执行一系列任务
at present, most commercially available drones
但 就现在来说 大多数市场上可购买的无人机
are controlled remotely and are unable to
是远程遥控的 并且无法
perform those tasks without human interaction.
在没有人类交互的情况下执行那些任务
Arguably the most prevalent type of construction robot
目前 机械手臂大概是最普遍的
at the moment is the mechanical arm.
建筑机器人
While stationary versions of these robots have been
尽管这些机器人的固定版本
in operation in factories and on
已经在工厂中和生产装配线上投入使用
manufacturing assembly lines for years,
很多年了
portable adaptations are now being developed for use
为了在建筑工地完成各式任务
in all manner of tasks on construction sites.
可移动版本正在被研发
Able to be programmed to perform a range
能够被编程去执行一系列
of repetitive and labour intensive activities
重复且高强度的活动 例如
– such as moving materials, tying rebar,
搬运材料 捆系钢筋
building masonry walls and even 3D printing structures
建造石制墙 甚至3D打印建筑框架
– these robots are set to have a huge impact
这些机器人将会对产业产生巨大影响
on the industry reducing accidents and greatly
既减少了事故又极大地
increasing productivity.
增加了生产力
One particularly prominent example is Odico
Odico模板机器人就是一个特别突出的例子
Formwork Robotics who have developed a robot
这个公司研发出一种使用“热线切割”
that uses “ hot wire cutting ” to develop complex double curved concrete moulds.
来制造复杂的双曲混凝土模型的机器人
Traditionally this time consuming and costly process was used sparingly in construction. Now,
原来在建造中 这种耗时且昂贵的处理是很少被使用的
these robots can be programed to
现在 这些机器人能被编程
create intricate formwork moulds with a higher degree
以比人更高的精确度和更少的时间
of accuracy than a human worker and in a fraction
制造繁杂的样板模型
of the time, unlocking complex designs and
这就解锁了复杂的设计
helping to make them a reality.
并帮助它们成为了现实
This particular robot looks set to work
这种特定的机器人看起来非常适合
on Zaha Hadid Architects ’ “ Lushan Primary
扎哈·哈迪德建筑工作室
School” project in China.
在中国的庐山小学
Meanwhile in bricklaying,SAM 100,developed by Construction Robotics,
同时在砌砖行业 由建筑机器人研发的SAM100
claims to be the
号称是世界上第一个
world’s first commercially available robot for on site masonry construction.
市场上可购的现场石制建筑机器人
There’s
也有由Fast Brick Robotics
also Hadrian X developed
研发的能够通过3D打印和砌砖
by Fast Brick Robotics that can 3D print and lay bricks, completing
便可在2天内完成传统石筑住所的
the superstructure of a conventional masonry home in just two days.
上部构造的Hadrian X机器人
In the world of steel reinforcement “ Tybot ” –
在钢铁加固行业一种由Advanced Construction Robotics
a robot developed by Advanced Construction
研发的名叫Tybot的机器人已经
Robotics – has been trialled tying rebar on a bridge project
在Pennsylvania的一个造桥计划中被试验用于
in Pennsylvania, one of the
捆系钢筋,这是世界上最先使用机器人来
first examples of a robot undertaking an activity on a live construction site.
承担现场即时作业任务的几个例子之一
There are also rapid developments coming
同时,在瑞典的
out of ETH Zurich National Centre for Competence
ETH Zurich National Centre for Competence
in Research (NCCR) Digital Fabrication in Switzerland.
in Research(NCCR) Digital Fabrication也有飞速的发展
Researchers here have developed in-situ fabricators that can build masonry walls,
这儿的研究人员创造了能够在原地堆建石墙、
construct
构筑钢铁强化结构
steel reinforcement structures and even assemble timber frame buildings.
甚至可以装配木制结构建筑的建造机
Robots are also entering the construction industry
机器人也在以自动化巡查机的形式
in the form of autonomous rovers
进入建筑行业
equipped with high definition cameras and
这些机器人装配有高清摄像头和
sensors that allow them to navigate their
传感器,使得它们能够应对现场
way around sites.
的复杂情况
Able to identify and avoid obstacles, robots such as “ EffiBOT ” –
像由法国机器人制造公司Effidence研发的
developed by French
具有识别、躲避障碍能力的机器人
robotics firm Effidence – can follow workers, carrying tools and materials.
EffiBOT,可以跟随工作人员搬运工具和材料
Even more advanced is this rover
还有由Doxel研发的更加先进的巡查机
by Doxel that uses high definition cameras and “ Light Imaging,
这种巡查机使用高清摄像头和 Light Imaging
Detection and Ranging” (or LIDAR) sensors to carry out building site inspections,
Detection and Ranging (LIDAR )传感器
comparing progress with design models and programmes.
来执行建筑工地侦查工作,对比进度与设计模型和计划的差别
Moving things up a gear,
更好的是,完整的自动驾驶
complete autonomous vehicles and plant are able to transport materials
和工厂能够根据设计好的模块来运输材料
or undertake specific tasks in accordance with design models.
或承担特定的任务
Activities like excavation or grading can
像挖掘和平坡这样的活动
be carried out around the clock without the
能够全天无休的进行
need for breaks, greatly enhancing efficiency and reducing costs.
大大的增加了效率又减少了支出
Prominent examples include
突出的例子包括
Volvos’ HX1 dumper and this autonomous dozer developed by Built Robotics.
VolvosHX1倾卸机和这个由Built Robotics研发的
While we are only just beginning
自动推土机 尽管我们才刚刚开始看见
to see what robotics could do for construction
机器人能为建筑行业做什么
there are already more advanced robots
但现在已经有了更多发展中的高科技
in development that could one day replace
机器人,它们终有一天将会在特定的产业和职业
humans in certain industries and job roles altogether.
里完全取代人类
Whilst this might sound daunting, the rise of robotics,
这也许听起来令人气馁,但机器人行业的崛起
and indeed artificial intelligence,
连同人工智能一起
is likely to lead to the creation
极有可能导致我们不曾预料到的
of new job roles and opportunities that we haven ’ t
新职业和机会的
yet imagined.
产生
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for construction, subscribe to The B1M.
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如标题。高中生第一次翻译,望大家海涵。

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收集自网络

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