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康士坦茨湖的混乱边界 – 译学馆
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康士坦茨湖的混乱边界

The Confusing Borders of Lake Constance

我身后是博登湖
Behind me is Lake Constance.
这片大湖位于欧洲中部 靠近阿尔卑斯山脉
It is a big lake, near the Alps, in the middle of Europe.
我身边的这一片属于德国 而那一片
This bit of me is in Germany, and this bit of me,
雕塑的另一边 属于瑞士
on the other side of that sculpture, is in Switzerland.
他们用雕塑代替了边境的栅栏
…they took down the border fence and they replaced it with sculptures.
距我身后几英里处的地平线后面是奥地利
A few miles away behind me, over that horizon, is Austria.
这三个国家分占博登湖的湖岸线
And all three countries have a shoreline on Lake Constance.
如果你翻开一张地图
And if you look at a map,
你会发现少了点什么:
you will notice that something is missing:
一条国际边境线
the lines that denote where the international borders,
就是我现在踩着的这条 一直延伸到湖岸
the lines that I’m standing on right now, stop at the lakeshore.
博登湖是一项公共财产
Lake Constance is a condominium,
用这个词表达它属于多个国家好时髦
which is a fancy way of saying that it belongs to more than one country.
但确实没人说得清它到底该属于谁
But no-one is entirely sure who.
我们通常认为地球由很多个部分组成
We are used to the idea that the Earth is divided up,
不同的国家拥有不同的部分
and different countries own different bits of it.
这种想法一旦实施就会错漏百出
Which is kind of a strange idea when it’s put like that,
但既然大多数地区赞成这种做法我们也就沿用下去
but since most of the world agrees on it, we stick with it.
不同的法律 税收 权利和义务被正式而明确的边境线分开
Laws, taxes, rights and responsibilities change at formal, defined lines.
好吧 世界上的确有公海
Okay, there are international waters,
南极洲也是一个特殊的案例
and Antarctica’s a special case, and okay, there is that one bit of Africa
非洲上有一块土地 两个国家都不想认领但总体上说
where two countries both don’t want to claim it, but generally:
世界上的每一块地方都属于一个特定的国家
each bit of the world is owned by one particular nation.
当然 有时因为条约的小毛病或土地纠纷边界问题会非常复杂
And sure, sometimes borders get complicated because of treaty glitches or land disputes,
但博登湖的情况很简单:没人愿意费力气去拟定条约
but this isn’t one of those: it’s just that no-one ever bothered
来落实国际边境线的位置
to actually put down in an international treaty where the borders are.
在那边的奥地利 根据法律
According to Austria, over there,
博登湖的确为三国所共有
Lake Constance is a true condominium,
并且在各个方面完全平等
shared equally by all three countries all the way across.
如果你站在湖上 就等于同时站在德国 奥地利和瑞士的领土上
If you’re on the lake, you are simultaneously in Germany, and Austria, and Switzerland.
瑞士并不满足于此:
Switzerland is not happy with that:
根据他们的法律 边境线直接穿过湖中央
according to them, the border runs straight down the middle of the lake.
而德国恐怕只会 哦 【耸肩】
And Germany is basically like, [shrug].
没人会为这个伤脑筋
No-one really has a problem with this.
如果出现任何法律问题
If there are any legal issues,
他们会就事论事
they’re settled on a case-by-case basis.
所以要是你好奇如果有人在湖中央出生
So if you’re wondering what happens if someone gives birth in the middle of the lake,
他的国籍该算哪个
and what citizenship their kid would have,
或是根据救助法应该哪国去救援
or what would happen under salvage laws
又或者如果有人在湖中央打捞其湖底的宝藏
if someone pulls up sunken treasure from the middle of the–
我的答案是 哦【耸肩】
I mean, the answer is: [shrug].
需要的时候我们会分清楚的
We’ll sort it out when we have to,
毕竟没人会把它放在心上
and in the meantime no-one’s really going to mind.
唯一会为博登湖确切的边境线抓狂的人恐怕只有地图测绘师了
The only people that this lack of defined border does affect are cartographers, map-makers:
因为在大多数字地图上没有 哦 这个选项【耸肩】
there is no option on most digital maps for [shrug].
不管是电脑还是人类都不知道边境线该画在哪儿
Computers and people don’t know where to draw the line.

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科普视频,关于康士坦茨湖的边境。画质略渣

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