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中国十二生肖的详细介绍

The Chinese zodiac, explained | ShaoLan

你有没有被中国朋友问过
Have you ever been asked by your Chinese friend,
“你的生肖是什么?”
“What is your zodiac sign?”
不要以为他们只是寒暄
Don’t think they are making small talk.
如果你说:“我属猴”
If you say, “I’m a Monkey,”
他们马上
they immediately know
就可以知道你多大年纪。
you are either 24, 36, 48 or 60 years old.
(笑声)
(Laughter)
问生肖是问年龄的礼貌方式
Asking a zodiac sign is a polite way of asking your age.
知道了你的生肖 还可以对你进行评估。
By revealing your zodiac sign, you are also being evaluated.
可以预测你幸运与否
Judgments are being made about your fortune or misfortune,
你的性格,职业前景
your personality, career prospects
接下来一年的运势走向。
and how you will do in a given year.
如果你分享了你和爱人的生肖
If you share you and your partner’s animal signs,
甚至可以想象你的私人生活。
they will paint a picture in their mind about your private life.
也许你不相信中国的生肖,
Maybe you don’t believe in the Chinese zodiac.
但是鉴于 全球四分之一的人受它的影响
As a quarter of the world population is influenced by it,
你最好还是知道一些相关的知识。
you’d be wise to do something about that.
到底什么是中国的生肖呢?
So what is the Chinese zodiac, exactly?
大多数西方人听说过 希腊罗马12星座
Most Westerners think of Greco-Roman zodiac,
这些星座把一年分成12个月。
the signs divided into 12 months.
中国生肖不同。
The Chinese zodiac is different.
中国生肖是以动物命名的 一个12年的循环
It’s a 12-year cycle labeled with animals,
以鼠开始,以猪结尾。
starting with a Rat and ending with a Pig,
它们与星座没有任何联系。
and has no association with constellations.
比如你出生在1975年, 你就属兔。
For example, if you were born in 1975, you are a Rabbit.
大家可以看到自己的生肖么?
Can you see your zodiac sign there?
中国的老祖先以阴阳, 五行和12生肖为基础
Our Chinese ancestors constructed a very complicated theoretical framework
建立了一套非常复杂的理论框架。
based on yin and yang, the five elements and the 12 zodiac animals.
千百年来
Over thousands of years,
这种流行文化 影响着人们的大部分决定
this popular culture has affected people’s major decisions,
比如起名,婚介,生产 甚至对彼此的态度。
such as naming, marriage, giving birth and attitude towards each other.
其中一些涵义令人称奇。
And some of the implications are quite amazing.
中国人相信某些生肖与 其它生肖比较好相处。
The Chinese believe certain animals get on better than the others.
所以夫妇选择特定的年份生孩子
So parents choose specific years to give birth to babies,
因为他们相信特定的生肖组合
because they believe the team effort by the right combination of animals
会让家族更加繁荣
can give prosperity to families.
甚至谈恋爱的时候也会参考生肖。
We even refer to the zodiac when entering into romantic relations.
我属猪,我最好的恋爱对象是 属虎,羊和兔的人。
I’m a Pig; I should have perfect romance with Tigers, Goats and Rabbits.
中国人相信有些生肖天生相克。
Chinese people believe some animals are natural enemies.
对于属猪的人来说 我要小心属蛇的人。
As a Pig, I need to be careful with a Snake.
各位属蛇的人请举手。
Raise your hand if you are a Snake.
我一会有话跟你们说。
Let’s have a chat later.
(笑声)
(Laughter)
我们相信有些生肖更加好运
We believe some animals are luckier than the others,
比如生肖龙。
such as the Dragon.
不同于西方传统
Unlike the Western tradition,
中国龙是权力,力量和财富的象征。
the Chinese Dragon is a symbol for power, strength and wealth.
每个人都希望有一个龙宝宝。
It’s everyone’s dream to have a Dragon baby.
马云的父母就非常自豪。
Jack Ma’s parents must have been very proud.
这种现象非常普遍。
And they are not the only ones.
2012年是龙年,
In 2012, the Year of the Dragon,
中国香港和台湾的婴儿出生率
the birthrate in China, Hong Kong and Taiwan
提高了5%。
increased by five percent.
比正常多出了一百万新生儿。
That means another one million more babies.
加之生男孩的倾向明显,
With a traditional preference to baby boys,
那年的男女比例为120:100。
the boy-girl ratio that year was 120 to 100.
当属龙的男孩长大,
When those Dragon boys grow up,
他们会面临更加激烈的 婚姻和职场挑战。
they will face much more severe competition in love and job markets.
根据BBC和中国政府的官方消息
According to the BBC and the Chinese government’s press release,
2015年1月迎来了剖腹产的高潮
January 2015 saw a peak of Cesarean sections.
为什么?
Why?
因为这是马年的最后一个月。
That was the last month for the Year of the Horse.
并不是大家喜欢生肖马
It’s not because they like horses so much,
而是大家尽量避免 不祥的属羊的孩子。
it’s because they try to avoid having unlucky Goat babies.
(笑声)
(Laughter)
如果你属羊,也不要伤心
If you are a Goat, please don’t feel bad.
这些都是属羊的人。
Those are Goat babies.
我可不觉得他们是失败者。
They don’t look like losers to me.
(笑声)
(Laughter)
还有一个不受欢迎的生肖是虎
Tiger is another undesirable animal,
也许和它的喜怒无常有关。
due to its volatile temperament.
在不受欢迎生肖的年份 中国很多地区的婴儿出生率
Many Chinese regions saw a sharp decline of birthrate
都有明显下降。
during those years.
也许对于生肖我们应该逆向思维
Perhaps one should consider zodiac in reverse,
因为虎宝宝和羊宝宝 将会面临最少的竞争
as those Tiger and Goat babies will face much less competition.
也许他们才是最幸运的。
Maybe they are the lucky ones.
我调查了世界福布斯财富榜 前300位的生肖
I went through the Forbes top 300 richest people in the world,
有趣的是
and it’s interesting to see
属最不受欢迎的羊和虎的人数
the most undesirable two animals, the Goat and Tiger,
反而排在前两位
are at the top of the chart,
甚至高于龙。
even higher than the Dragon.
也许我们应该考虑
So maybe we should consider,
减轻竞争压力才是更好的选择。
maybe it’s much better to have less competition.
最后一个有趣的事情是
One last but interesting point:
很多中国人依据生肖图作为索引
many Chinese people make their investment decisions
进行投资。
based on the zodiac sign index.
尽管生肖的信仰和传统
Although the belief and tradition of the zodiac sign
由来已久,
has been over thousands of years,
使用生肖作重大决定的风潮
the trend of using it in making major decisions
近几十年才开始出现。
did not really happen until the past few decades.
我们的祖先忙于战胜贫穷,干旱
Our ancestors were very busy surviving poverty, drought,
饥荒,动乱,疾病甚至国内战争。
famine, riot, disease and civil war.
终于中国人有时间,有财富和科技
And finally, Chinese people have the time, wealth and technology
可以过上他们梦想中的生活。
to create an ideal life they’ve always wanted.
13亿人做出的集体决定
The collective decision made by 1.3 billion people
足以在经济上掀起巨大的波澜 足以改变很多事情的走向
has caused the fluctuation in economics and demand on everything,
无论是医疗还是教育领域 无论是财产还是消费品方面。
from health care and education to property and consumer goods.
随着中国在全球经济和地域政治中 扮演越来越重要的角色,
As China plays such an important role in the global economy and geopolitics,
基于生肖 和其他中国传统而作出的决定
the decisions made based on the zodiac and other Chinese traditions
将会最终影响世界上的每一个人。
end up impacting everyone around the world.
在座的有属猴的吗?
Are there any Monkeys here?
2016年是猴年
2016 is the Year of the Monkey.
猴意味着聪明,好奇 创造力和顽皮。
Monkeys are clever, curious, creative and mischievous.
谢谢。
Thank you.
(掌声)
(Applause)

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