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五种人格特质

The Big Five Personality Traits

The theory of the Big Five personality traits claims
五大人格理论认为
that we can describe ourselves with five main characteristics:
人格主要有五种
open, conscientious, extravert, agreeable, neurotic.
开放性 尽责性 外倾性 宜人性 情绪性
Each of us varies in how much of each trait is shown in our personality.
人的性格特质各有千秋
In order to understand what each trait really means.
为了理解每种特质的真正含义
Let’s look at these five characters
让我们看看这五个人格的人
and how they cope after they sank their boat and are stranded on an island in the middle of the ocean.
因沉船被困在孤岛上时的反应
Open Odelia is excited
开放性的Odelia很兴奋
and interested in exploring this beautiful island.
对探索美丽的小岛跃跃欲试
The exotic nature inspires her.
异域风情鼓舞着她
She has collected stones, shells and blossoms
她为大家建造了竹屋
to decorate the entrance of the bamboo hut that she built for everyone.
并搜集石头 贝壳和鲜花铺在屋前
She feels this is an opportunity to learn so many new things!
她认为这是一个学习新事物的好机会
Claire is conscientious.
Claire具有责任心
She is not excited,
她并不兴奋
she is concerned about the seriousness of the situation.
反而很担忧目前的严峻形势
She is glad she saved the survival kit from their ship.
幸好自己从船上救下了救生包
As usual, she is prepared and starts the crucial tasks right away.
和往常一样 她枕戈待旦
She feels that it is her duty to organize everyone
她认为自己有责任组织好大家
and make sure that they will start looking for the things they need for survival:
指挥他们开始寻找生存必需品
freshwater and food.
淡水和食物
Extravert Emile is thrilled
外倾性的Emile很激动
because they all survived!
因为他们从鬼门关走了一趟
He feels a strong need to talk and share his happiness.
他急切想要与人分享自己的喜悦
He gathers everyone to celebrate their survival and
他把众人聚集起来庆祝劫后余生
to tell them about his plan to explore the island together!
告诉大家他准备组团探索这个岛屿
Agreeable Albert is kind by nature
宜人性的Albert天性善良
and despite being tired and thirsty,
尽管自己又累又渴
his main concern is Nora.
还是担心着Nora
He offers her a drink from his coconut.
并把自己的椰汁给她
The others know that he usually agrees to everything
大家知道Albert乐于助人
and are not shy to ask for his help.
所以不羞于向他求助
Nora is neurotic and easily stressed.
Nora属于神经质性 容易紧张
She has a total breakdown.
她完全崩溃了
She sits down on the beach and cries:
她坐在海滩上哭泣
how are they ever going to get away from this island?
我们该如何离开这个岛啊?
To her the ocean around them looks endless,
对她来说 周围的海一望无际
nature looks dark and dangerous.
鬼影重重
She feels completely lost.
她感到完全迷失了
After eight weeks, two ships appear on the horizon,
八周后 地平线上出现了两艘船
everyone gets excited,
大家都欢呼雀跃
Emil has the idea to make a fire.
Emil想生火
He calls the others to help.
他请其他人帮忙
Claire immediately starts to work, Albert brings more wood.
Klaire马上开始动手 Albert负责收集木头
Odelia is holding up her beautifully arranged SOS sign
Odelia举起她那手工精良的求救信号
while Nora screams desperately for help.
而诺拉绝望地尖叫求救
Little do they know who is sailing on these ships.
他们不知道谁在驾驶这两条船
The first ship carries a group of psychologists
第一艘船载了一队心理学家
who have been traveling the oceans since the 1980s.
他们自从20世纪80年代起就在海上航行
They are investigating the big five personality traits
他们在研究人格五因素特征
which is also known as the five-factor or ocean model.
也称作人格五因素模型或海洋模型
The captain Lewis Goldberg coined the term “big five”.
船长Lewis Goldberg将其命名“大五”
He is thrilled when he sees the five friends at the beach
海滩上的五人分别和每种人格类型相匹配
each one matching exactly one trait:
他得知这一点非常兴奋
open, conscientious, extravert, agreeable, neurotic.
开放性 尽责性 外倾性 宜人性 神经性
Though he decides not to stop the boat,
但他决定不停船
as a scientist he prefers to watch from afar.
因为作为一个科学家 他更愿意作壁上观
On the other ship are five pirates,
另外一艘船上有五个海盗
all possessing the exact opposite traits of our friends.
他们也具有大五人格
Let’s see if you can recognize them?
看看你能否认出他们
Pirate one is emotionally stable and very relaxed.
海盗一情绪稳定 非常放松
When she sees the survivors on the beach she says:
当她看到海滩上的幸存者时 她说
we could help them!
我们能救他们
Pirate two immediately gets angry with her.
海盗二立刻对她不满
He is not listening to anyone
他不听他人意见
and is not willing to change his plans in order to help some strangers on an island!
也不愿为帮助岛上的陌生人改变自己的计划
Pirate three think this is a complex situation.
海盗三觉得情况复杂
He thinks that all possible outcomes need to be considered.
他觉得应该综合考虑各种因素
He feels the need to be alone and think.
他需要一个人好好想想
Pirate four doesn’t care.
海盗四毫不在意
He is busy looking for the keys to his treasure chest which is lost again.
他忙着找又丢了的宝箱钥匙
The captain is not open to any new experiences.
而船长不欢迎任何未知
He ends all discussions
他表示不会停船
when he says our boat won’t stop!
此时讨论结束了
What do you think about the big five?
你觉得大五人格特征怎么样
Do you recognize your own personality in some of the traits?
你知道自己属于哪一种吗
Or do you think this theory is flawed
还是你觉得这个理论有不足之处
as we cannot describe an entire personality in five parameters?
因为五个参数不足以概括一个完整的人格
If you watch this in class
如果你是在课堂上看这个视频
and you are not sure which traits you have,
不确定自己属于哪种
pick a friend and describe each other.
就找个朋友 互相讨论一下吧
Many of us are bad at describing ourselves,
人不擅长自我描述
so an outside perspective is often helpful.
但旁观者清
豆芽教育
特别鸣谢Abigail, Badrah, Cedric Wang, Denis Kraus, Eva Marie Koblin
以及所有Patreon赞助者
友情合作请进入www.patreon.com/sprouts
If you like this video and the way we explain the subject
如果你喜欢这个视频 喜欢我们的解说方式
subscribe to our channel.
就订阅我们的频道吧
We try to explain complex subjects in simple language and cartoons
我们会用通俗的语言和漫画解释复杂的问题
to support students all around the world in their learning.
来促进全球化学习
If you want to support us
如果你想要支持我们
you can go to www.patreon.com/sprouts and donate.
你可以到 www.patreon.com/sprouts资助
Just $1 from many fans makes a big difference.
粉丝一美元 我们一大步

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视频概述

人格心理学中的五种人格特质,看看你属于哪种吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

ABC

审核员

审核员SR

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IB1FVbo8TSs

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