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了解你自己!什么是Big 5人格特征? – 译学馆
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了解你自己!什么是Big 5人格特征?

The Big 5 Personality Traits

多年来 心理学界一直在试图理解
For many years, the field of psychology has been trying to understand
那些使每个人独一无二的人格特质
all those personality traits that make you a unique and special little snowflake.
DNews
DNews
大家好 我是蕾西·格林 这里是DNews
Hi, guys. I’m Laci Green, and this is DNews.
它被称为人格心理学
It’s called personality psychology.
你在周围可见的课堂中一定会见到这一领域的调查
And it’s a booming field of research you’re bound to hear about in any human sight class.
其中研究最深入 被广泛承认的人格模型是大五人格
One of the most well researched and respected personality models in the field is Costa & McCrae’s Big 5.
这一模型评估了一个人五个特质的系数强度
This model evaluates how strong a person is on 5 different axes.
我们来看看有哪些特质
Let’s take a look-see at those traits.
特质1 经验开放性
Trait #1 Openness to experience.
这一特质描述你的思维是开放还是封闭
This trait describes how open or closed your thinking is.
高度开放的人有很强的好奇心
Highly open people are intellectually curious.
他们喜欢艺术和科学
They love art and science.
开放的人常有的表现: 奇思妙想
Open people appreciate emotion: unusual ideas, imagination,
爱好冒险 当然 还有喜欢新体验
adventure and, of course, having new experiences.
而低分的人趋向于有更多传统的爱好
People with low scores tend to have more traditional interests.
他们喜欢旧事物胜过新事物 并不是很喜欢改变
They prefer familiarity over doing something new. And they don’t really like change.
特质2 责任心
Trait #2 Conscientiousness.
责任心强的人基本都是成绩卓著的人
Highly conscientious people are basically those annoying overachievers who are always on top of it.
他们自律 有责任心 善于提前计划
They’re disciplined, responsible and good at planning ahead.
责任心强的人有很强的行为控制能力
A high score on conscientiousness suggests a strong ability to regulate and control your behavior.
而低分者会更冲动 不善于计划
Low scores tend to be more impulsive and unorganized.
你知道的 混乱的情形
You know, hot mess status.
特质3 外向型
Trait #3 Extraversion.
人们习惯性认为外向和内向区别于有多开朗
People tend to think of extraversion and introversion as how outgoing you are.
但事实上 区别于你怎么获取能量
But, it’s actually about how you get your energy.
高分者 外向的人通过外出交往获得能量
High scorers, the extroverts, feel recharged and energized by going out and being around people.
他们喜欢参加聚会 和别人聊天
They like parties and chit-chatting.
低分者 内向的人 喜欢独处并从中获得能量
Low scorers, or introverts, feel rejuvenated and energized by spending time alone.
他们更安静 低调 喜欢思考
They tend to be quieter, lower key and more deliberate.
如果他们参加聚会 需要一天才能恢复
They go to a party, and they have to recover the next day.
有时这也会与害羞概念混淆
This is sometimes confused with shyness.
但是只是关于社交方面害羞
But shyness is about comfort socializing.
内向性和外向性是在交往中
Introversion and extraversion are about the amount of socializing
你需要做到最好并让自我感觉最好的总和
your need to do your best and to feel your best.
特质4 宜人性
Trait #4 Agreeableness.
高分者 体贴周到 友好 乐于助人
Highly agreeable people are considerate, friendly and helpful.
他们只是希望我们能和睦相处
They just wish we could all get along, guys.
他们为他人牺牲 认为他人都是友好的
They make sacrifices for others, and they assume others are good people.
低分者或者极不合群的人 多疑 有距离感 不擅合作
Low scorers, or highly disagreeable people, are suspicious, distant and uncooperative.
他们以自我为中心
They place self-interest above getting along.
他们对他人漠不关心 很少愿意帮助别人
They don’t care much about other people’s well-being, and they’re less likely to help you out.
其实 他们很讨厌 我只是开玩笑 但真的这样
Basically, they’re asshole. I’m just kidding, but really.
最后一点但不是最不重要的 特质5 神经质
And last but not least, trait #5 Neuroticism.
这一特质衡量情绪稳定性
This trait measures emotional stability.
高神经质的人更易产生消极情绪 像焦虑 恼怒
Highly neurotic people are more prone to negative emotions, like anxiety, anger depression.
他们容易紧张 很敏感
They’re easily stressed out, the reactive.
他们觉得生活满是挫败
And they’re more likely to be frustrated in day to day life.
低分者更冷静镇定
Low scorers are more calm and collected.
事事努力认真
And I’ll really sweat the small stuff.
他们情绪平衡稳定
They are emotionally stable and balanced.
现代很长一段时间内 我们都认为大五人格适用于不同地区和文化
Now for a long time, we’ve thought that these 5 traits held true across regions and cultures.
我们看着它们在整个世界上活跃起来
We’ve witnessed them in action across the world.
但最近 调查者第一次发现一个与世隔绝的玻利维亚人农民集体
But recently, researchers found an isolated Bolivian farming community,
它看起来在其中并不适用
where for the first time, it doesn’t seem to apply.
在农场中 他们只要两个主要特质 社会利益行为和勤奋
For this community, there are only 2 major traits: socially beneficial behavior and industriousness.
他们对于人格有更有趣的解释
This makes an interesting suggestion about personality.
如果在发展水平较低的地区 人格类型不一样
If there are less developed areas where personality trends are different,
那么社会在是否鼓励个人特质表达上
society may play a stronger role in encouraging or discouraging the expression of personality traits
就比我们以前想象中有更强的作用
than we once thought.
食物之于大脑
Food for your brain.
我会在评论区放大五人格测试链接 如果感兴趣可以测试
So guys, I’m going to put a link in the description to take the Big 5 Personality Test if you’re interested.
这有一个供你们思考的问题
And here’s a question for you to chew on:
你认为在DNews观众中最普遍的特质是什么
what traits do you think are going to be especially common amongst those of you in the DNew’s audience?
在评论区分享你的想法
Share your thoughts down below.
点击订阅 可以看到DNews更多更新
And hit subscribe, so you can get some more DNew’s updates.

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视频概述

大五人格究竟是什么?它以什么样的方式影响着我们的生活?

听录译者

红花老七

翻译译者

岸雩

审核员

审核员 YF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oWpRKJPCI7M

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