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优秀队伍的秘密武器

The best teams have this secret weapon | Adam Grant

2010年 迈阿密热队要把自己打造成一支理想的球队
In 2010, the Miami Heat tried to build a dream team
以勒布朗•詹姆斯和其他两位球星为核心
around Lebron James and two other stars.
勒布朗承诺 他们会赢得一些冠军
And Lebron promised that they would win some championships.
“勒布朗 给大家讲讲吧”
“Lebron, tell us about that.”
“不是两个 不是三个 不是四个
“Not two, not three, not four…
不是五个 不是六个 不是七个……”
…not five, not six, not seven…”
但他们甚至连常规赛都打得困难 都是以小比分获胜
But they struggled to even win close games in the regular season.
所以接下来的一年 他们没再挑球星
So the next year, instead of picking up another star,
而是加入了肖恩•巴蒂尔
they added Shane Battier.
肖恩告诉我 人们并不看好他
And Shane told me people were not impressed.
“人们只是看到我的局限性
“And people looked at my limitations,
而且说 ‘呃 巴蒂尔没有运动能力’
and said, ‘Oh, Battier’s not athletic.’
而且他不挡拆 运球都不会”
And he doesn’t run pick and roll, he can’t really dribble.”
但奇怪的是
But here’s the weird thing,
只要肖恩上场
when Shane was on the court,
他队中的每个球员从统计上来看都更有可能获胜
everyone of his team’s was statistically more likely to win.
结果他成了为热队在锦标赛蝉联夺冠贡献最大的人
He ended up becoming a key contributor to the Heat’s back to back championships.
所以我请《点球成金》的作者迈克尔•刘易斯来解释一下
So I asked Michael Lewis, the author of Moneyball, to explain it.
“他的体格挡不住科比•布莱恩
“So he wasn’t athletic enough to stop Kobe Bryant,
但他够聪明 有足够的能力迫使科比•布莱恩
but he was smart enough and kind of canny enough to force Kobe Bryant
在场上投球的效率高不起来
to places on the floor where he was less efficient shooter.
所有那些非常有价值的事他都会去做
So he would do all these things that are very valuable,
但都是其他球星不屑于做的”
that no star would bother to do.”
很多球星意味着很多的自负
Lots of stars means lots of egos.
许多的自负意味着明争暗斗
And lots of egos means infighting.
在团队中 你实际上有可能天赋过多
In a team, you could actually have too much talent.
看看足球方面的证据
Look at the evidence from soccer.
既有球星又有角色球员的球队
Teams with the mix of stars and role players
实际上在世界杯预选赛中能赢得更多比赛
actually win more games in World Cup qualifying matches.
我们在NBA篮球中看到了同样的模式
We see the same pattern in NBA basketball.
其实在场上用两个球星比用四个更好
You are actually better off with two stars on the court than four.
华尔街的团队也是如此
And the same is true in Wall Street teams.
角色扮演者带来的秘方就是谦逊
The secret ingredient that role players bring is humility.
但我们都曾处于担心自己过于谦虚的情况
But we’ve all been in situations where we might be worried about being too humble.
比如工作面试的时候
Like in a job interview.
“用三个词形容一下自己” — “懒”
“Decribe yourself in three words””Lazy”
(笑声)
[laughter]
我们还建议 作为领导不要太谦虚
We also counsel leaders not to be too humble.
但数据实际上又说明了什么呢?
But what does the data actually show?
我们来比较一下谦逊和自恋的领导者
Let’s compare humble leaders with narcissistic leaders.
我们在美国公司和中国公司之间做过比较
We’ve done this in American and Chinese companies.
而且事实证明
And lo and behold, it turns out
谦逊的领导者明显更加有效
that humble leaders are significantly more effective.
他们的员工更高效 而且更具创新性
Their employees are more productive and more innovative.
但是还有第三种领导者 他们能做得更好
But, there’s a third kind of leader that gets even better results.
那就是谦逊的自恋者
And that would be called a humble narcissist.
你怎么可能谦虚的同时还自恋呢?
How can you be humble and narcissistic?
它们听起来像是对立的
They sound like opposites.
但其实不是
But they’re not.
因为自恋是相信你自己是独特的
Because narcissism is about believing that you’re special.
谦虚 是认识到你也是会犯错误的
And humility is about recognizing that you are fallible.
此刻在座的自恋者们
Now for the narcissists in the room,
你们的配偶都知道你们是怎么回事
and your spouses know who you are,
这不需要辩解
this is not an excuse.
我的观点是
My point is just that
谦逊和自信实际上是可以一起实现的
humility and confidence can actually go hand and hand.
你可以两者兼有
You can have both.
因为谦逊一词的拉丁语来源之一就是脚踏实地
Because one of the Latin roots of humility is actually about being grounded.
它的意思是来自地球
It means from the Earth.
而那种感知力就是肖恩•巴蒂尔带给迈阿密热队的东西
And that kind of sensibility is what Shane Battier brought to the Miami Heat.
他认识到了自己的局限性
He recognized his limitations.
想方设法改进他的比赛
He looked for ways to improve his game,
比如研究对方球员的统计数据
like studying stats on opposing players.
他有一次找勒布朗说:
And one day he turned to Lebron and he said,
“嘿 你防守凯文•杜兰特时
“Hey, when you guard Kevin Durant,
想办法逼他从左肩位置投球”
make him shoot over his left shoulder.”
“从那以后 他时不时地就会说:
“And after that, every now and then he’d say,
“嘿 蝙蝠侠 你觉得这个人应该怎么对付?”
‘Hey batman, you know, what you got on this guy?’
你没有什么可以拿来教勒布朗•詹姆斯他是当今世界上最好的球员
There’s not much you can teach Lebron James, the best player in the world today.
但我可以这样想:我用一些晦涩难懂的数学让他变得更好了一点点”
But I could think I made him a little bit better with some arcane math.”
谦逊被低估了
Humility is underrated.
为听着像有软弱的意思 背了黑锅
It gets a bad rap, it sounds like a sign of weakness.
但在有最佳领导者的团队中那其实是力量的源泉
But in the best teams with the best leaders, it’s actually a source of strength.
它使我们不满足于已有的成就
It keeps us from resting on our laurels
因为我们知道 卓越并不是相信自己是最好的
because we know that excellence is not about believing that you’re the best.
它实际上是不断地努力去变得更好
It’s actually about always striving to get better.
谢谢大家
Thank you.

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视频概述

谦逊与自信

听录译者

昵伊荙

翻译译者

昵伊荙

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hPgY45xsGsU

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