ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

糖尿病人的最佳饮食 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

糖尿病人的最佳饮食

The Best Diet for Diabetes

糖尿病人的最佳饮食
“The Best Diet for Diabetes”
食品安全的等级有很多不同的评分标准
There are all sorts of different scoring systems to rate diet quality.
我最喜欢的是膳食植物化学指数 因为它简单
My favorite, for its simplicity, is thedietary phytochemical index:
用一个梦幻的名字解释一个简单的概念
a fancy name for a simple concept.
即摄入谷物能量占摄入总能量的百分比
It’s just the percentage of your calories from whole plant foods,
也就是0-100
so 0 to 100.
美国人的平均饮食占12
The average American diethas a score of 12.
100份中占比12份
Twelve out of a hundred;
所以 如果评分标准是1-10的话
so, like on a scale of one to ten,
我们的得分是1分
our diet is a one.
你可以把人们根据他们的得分分类
You can split people up based on how they score,
就会发现得分越高
and show how the higher you score
当有患糖尿病风险时 代谢指标就越好
the better your metabolic markerswhen it comes to diabetes risk.
这似乎像是胰岛素耐受性的逐步递减现象
There appears to be like this stepwise drop in insulin resistance and
随着你吃的谷物越来越多 产生胰岛素的β细胞就会出现紊乱
insulin-producing beta-cell dysfunction as you eat more and more plant-based.
评分最高的一组仅得大概30分
And that highest group was only scoring about 30,
全植物的食物在他们的饮食中少于三分之一
less than a third of their diet was whole plant foods,
但这比得分最低的人好多了 他们几乎在美国膳食标准的最低边缘了
but better than the lowest, which was down around the standard American diet.
怪不得膳食主要集中分布在五谷 尤其是豆类
No wonder diets centered around plants, emphasizing legumes,
如 黄豆 豌豆 鹰嘴和扁豆
beans, split peas, chickpeas and lentils,
全部的谷类 蔬菜 水果 坚果和种子
whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds,
其中不包括大部分或所有动物制品
and discouraging most or all animal products
特别有利于防治这两种糖尿病
are especially potent in preventing type 2 diabetes,
而且可以减少一点点
and as a little bonus has been associated with
肥胖症 高血压
much lower rates of obesity, hypertension,
高血脂 心血管疾病和癌症的几率
hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular mortality, and cancer.
不仅是预防2型糖尿病 还能治愈它
And not just preventing type 2 diabetes but treating it as well.
经过系统的回顾和数据分析 我们发现
A systematic review and meta-analysisfound that the consumption
蔬菜的消耗量与改善血糖控制有关
of vegetarian diets is associatedwith improved blood sugar control,
但是 到底能提高多少呢?下面是一个最新的实验
but how much improved?Here’s one of the latest trials.
看看严格以糙米为主的基于植物饮食的效果
The effect of a strictly plant based diet centered around brown rice.
这是在亚洲进行的 与控制常规糖尿病人饮食相不同的
It was done in Asia,versus the conventionaldiabetic diet on blood sugar control
对2型糖尿病患者的血糖控制:一项为期12周的随机临床试验
of patients with type 2 diabetes:a 12-week randomized clinical trial.
对糖尿病人的饮食控制
For the diabetic control diet,
他们建立食物兑换关系并计算
they set up food exchanges and calculated
特定的卡路里和控制份量 而在植物性饮食上
specific calorie and portion controls,whereas on the plant-based diet
人们可以想吃多少吃多少 这是其中一个好处
People could eat much as they want; that’s one of the benefits.
重点是要强调的是食物质量而不是数量
The emphasis is on foodquality rather than quantity,
而且他们确实减重了许多
and they still actuallylost more weight.
但是即便在控制最严重腹部脂肪方面
But even after controlling forthe greater abdominal fat loss
植物性饮食的一组依然取得了胜利
in the plant-based group,they still won out.
当然 这只有在你真正实践的时候这才会起作用
Of course, it only worksif you actually do it,
但是那些
but those that pretty much stuck
坚持更健康饮食的人
to the healthier diet dropped their
降低了他们百分之零点九的糖化血红蛋白水平
A1c levels 0.9 %,
这通常是你吃糖尿病的药才能达到的
which is what you get taking the leading diabetes drug,
而且只有好的作用(没有副作用) 是的
but of course onlywith good side effects. Yeah,
但是他能在缺医少药的人口中生效吗?
but would it work inan underserved population?
植物性饮食的影响支持了
The impact of a plant-based diet support program
在圣贝纳迪诺进行的减弱二型糖尿病的研究
on mitigating type 2 diabetes in San Bernadino,
这是加州最穷的城市
the poorest city of its size in California.
进行了一个随机控制的实验 但不是标题所示的植物性饮食本身
A randomized controlled trial,but not of a plant-based diet itself
而是一项教育计划
as the title suggests,but of just an education program
告诉人们植物性饮食对治疗糖尿病的好处
telling people about the benefitsof a plant-based diet for diabetes,
但最终结果取决于他们
and then it was up to them.
这些病人的血糖控制仍然有显着改善
And still got a significant improvementin blood sugar control.
这是数据
Here are the numbers.
得到了控制的组有所改善
Got a little better in the control group,
但有植物性食谱的指导和支持的一组更好
but way better in the plant-based instruction and support group.
但有很多植物性的饮食并不是就有效
And more plant-based dietsare not just effective
在糖尿病的阻碍和管理方面以及它的并发症
in the prevention and management ofdiabetes, but also its complications.
检验出了这一点
Check this out.
糖尿病最具破坏性的并发症之一是肾衰竭
One of the most devastating complicationsof diabetes is kidney failure.
这表明 在改变饮食前的一到两年内
This shows the decline in kidneyfunction in eight diabetics
八位糖尿病患者的肾功能下降
in the one or two yearsbefore switching their diets.
他们都出现了这种稳定 无法避免
They all showed this steady,inexorable decline
而快速恶化到的肾衰竭和透支现象
on a fast track to completekidney failure and dialysis.
但后来他们改用了特殊的补充素食的食谱
But then they switched to aspecial supplemented vegan diet,
他们肾脏便停止了衰退
and their kidney declinewas stopped in its tracks.
想象一下 如果他们提前一两年就换食谱了那会如何!
Imagine if they had switcheda year or two earlier!
大多数糖尿病患者并未真正结束透析治疗
Most diabetics don’t actually end up on dialysis though
因为他们在这之前就已经去世了
because they die first.
心血管疾病是糖尿病患者过早死亡的主要原因
Cardiovascular disease is the major causeof premature mortality among diabetics;
这就是为什么植物性的饮食是完美的
that’s why plant-based diets are perfect.
一般科学共识表明
There is a general scientific consensus
在天然食品 如豆类
that the elements of a whole foodsplant based diet, legumes
有机谷物 水果 蔬菜和坚果的成分
whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and nuts,
含有很少的或不含加工食剂和动物制品
with limited or no intake of processed foods and animal products
对预防和治疗2型糖尿病有很大的好处
are highly beneficial for preventingand treating type 2 diabetes.
同样重要的是 植属性的饮食解决了更大的问题
Equally important, plant-baseddiets address the bigger picture
不仅同时治疗了我们的第一号杀手 心血管疾病
by simultaneously treating cardiovasculardisease, our NO.1 killer,
以及其伴随的肥胖 高血压 还能降低炎症
along with obesity, high bloodpressure, lowering inflammation,
而且也可以解决第二号杀手 癌症
and we can throw cancer into the mix too, our # 2 killer.
最后一句是
The bottom line is that the case
用植物性的饮食
for using a plant based diet
减轻糖尿病的负担 提升我们整体的健康
to reduce the burden of diabetesand improve overall health
是最有效的方式
has never been stronger.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

植物性饮食对糖尿病人的好处

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Jian-

审核员

审核员Y

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UTxLHqeXZNQ

相关推荐