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PS功能的简单介绍 – 译学馆
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PS功能的简单介绍

The Basics Of Digital Illustration

你好!
Hi!
我是埃弗
This is Ever.
我为【分钟地球】制作人物插画和绘制卡通
I make stick figure illustration and animation for MinuteEarth
而且我发现大多数人并不知道如何制作数字绘图
and I have realized the most people don’t have a clue of how digital drawing is made.
所以 当面对这样的事情比如[蘑菇云壁纸]或[狮子鱼壁纸]
So, when presented with things like this [Mushroom Clouds Wallpaper] or this [LionFish Wallpaper],
他们会认为这是用魔法制成的
they will believe it’s done with magic.
但那是不正确的
But that’s not true.
至少 并不完全正确
Not entirely, at least.
【分钟地球】的这些图纸和所有数码插图是由Adobe Photoshop(PS)制作而成的
These drawings and all the digital illustrations for MinuteEarth are made in Adobe Photoshop,
这是一款软件 本质上 类似于微软的画板
which is a software, in principle, similar to Microsoft Paint.
如果你熟悉画板 你知道你可以随心画画 调整铅笔粗细 颜色
If you are familiar with Paint, you know that you can draw freestyle, change the pencil’s
填充选区 擦除 放大 缩小
thickness and color, fill closed regions, erase, zoom in, zoom out
如果你的手太抖 可以添加完美的图形!
and if your hand shakes too much, add perfect shapes!
加上足够的时间和耐心 你可以创作像素艺术!这是数码版的交叉缝合
With enough time and patience, you can make pixel art!, which is the digital version of
(这也是非常有趣的!)
cross stitching (which is also very fun!)
虽然你也可以用像素作画 但它可能会需要
And while you could certainly paint pixel by pixel to make your drawings, it could take
很多时间
WAY too much time.
另外 像素作品会有这个 嗯 “像素化”的感觉 即使咋看之下你没有这种感觉
Also, pixel art will have this, well, “pixelated” feeling and even if they don’t have this feeling
但如果你放大到足够大你会看到那些清晰的像素点
at first sight, if you zoom enough you’re going clearly to see those pixels.
由像素组成的图像称为光栅图形
Images made up of pixels are known as raster graphics.
相比之下 我们的矢量图形 无论你如何放大都不会
In contrast, we have vector graphics which won’t get pixelated no matter how much you
出现像素化
zoom in.
你可以用AI 科立尔绘画 向量图 甚至是演示文稿来绘制矢量图形
You can make vector graphics in Adobe Illustrator, Corel DRAW, Inkscape and even in PowerPoint.
我的意思是 你可以在演示文稿上画基本向量插图
I mean, PowerPoint allows you to make basic vector illustrations, given that you get rid
只要你不用它可怕的默认颜色就行
of those horrible default colors.
对于矢量图形 你可以对其进行缩放 改变已有的形状 旋转 添加渐变
With vector graphics you can scale without losing quality, change the shapes you already
制作多边形 编辑这些图形 甚至可以制作花式曲线 却无损画面质量
drew, rotate them, add gradients, make polygons, edit them and even make fancy curves.
当然 幻灯片演示文稿并不是最好的矢量图工具
Of course, PowerPoint is not the best tool if you’re into vector graphics, but you get
但形式差不多都这样
the point.
通常 矢量图都有一个整齐 平面 简约的外观
Vector drawings, in general, have a clean, flat, minimalistic look.
虽然你可以用矢量画 但它不会是一个高效率的过程
And while you could certainly make paintings with vectors, it is not going to be an efficient
因为矢量不适合复杂的渐变 纹理或现实主义
process, because vectors are not meant for complex gradients, textures or realism and
也因为数字绘画需要图形输入板
because digital painting requires a graphics tablet.
你仍然可以用鼠标画画 但使用图形输入板会更快更舒服
You can still paint with a mouse, but using a graphics tablet is faster and more comfortable.
数字艺术家使用各种各样的软件作图 像Corel Painter或Krita
Digital artists use a wide variety of software for painting, like Corel Painter or Krita,
然而 最受欢迎的是Adobe PS……
however the most popular is Adobe Photoshop..
首先 PS图像处理软件可以用钢笔压力调节笔刷大小 透明度 散布状态
For starters, Photoshop, can use pen pressure to adjust brush size, opacity, scattering,
颜色甚至形状!
color and even shape!
我是说 这多酷啊!
I mean, how cool is this?
这仍是光栅图形 但你不会得到那些锯齿[图像保真]
This is still raster graphics, but you won’t get those jaggies [anti-aliasing].
你可以添加渐变 矢量 文本 编辑照片 修复照片
You can add gradients, vectors, text, edit photos, fix photos, fake photos and way more
方法比视频中列的多得多
things than you list in a video.
一个在PS图像处理软件中最酷的事情是你可以在多个图层中作画
One of the coolest things in Photoshop is that you can draw in different layers, which
意味着你可以在一个图层中画一个草图 并把它作为参考在另一层
means you can make a sketch in one layer, and use it as a guide to draw the lineart
绘制艺术线条 然后隐藏草图 并在另一层添加颜色
in another layer, then hide the sketch, and add color in another layer.
这是一幅非常可爱的画 但是让我们把它画的更酷吧!
This is a pretty cute drawing already, but let’s make it cooler!
创建一个新图层并添加阴影 把它变成一个剪切蒙板
Add shadows by making a new layer and turning it into a clipping mask which will allow you
这样你只能在顶部添加颜色
to draw only on top of the color.
更改图层的混合模式为叠加并将透明度降低
Change the layer’s blending mode to multiply and turn opacity down.
擦掉这些东西
Erase this stuff.
选取黑色制作阴影
Pick black and make shadows.
为背景创建一个新图层 选择渐变工具
Create a new layer for the background, pick the gradient tool and personalize it by adding
添加美丽的蓝色来个性化背景
a bunch of beautiful blues.
选择径向渐变 你就会的得到一个不错的背景
Select circular gradient and you get a nice background
最后新建一层 然后用浅蓝色制作雨滴
Finally make a new layer and then using a light blue make the rain.
把它的混合模式改为叠加
Change its blending mode to overlay.
调整并添加一些额外的东西 快看吧!
Fix and add some extra stuff and there you go!
一个很酷的 简单的 漂亮的分钟地球视频的缩略图就完成了!
A cool, simple and great thumbnail for a MinuteEarth video!
下期见!
See you next time!

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通过动画操作介绍如何使用PS快速绘制并处理图像

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