ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

《恶汉甜梦(1960)》镜头几何学 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

《恶汉甜梦(1960)》镜头几何学

The Bad Sleep Well (1960) - The Geometry of a Scene

嗨!我是托尼
Hi! My name is Tony,
这是《一帧一画》节目
and this is a quick Every Frame a Painting.
也许你能明白
Maybe you get this.
有时候我看一个场景 会感觉莫名的无聊
Sometimes I’m watching a scene, and I just get so bored.
这样的场景没有突出表现什么
Instead of being staged uniquely,
而是“雨露均沾”
the scene is just this — standard coverage.
每个人都不动 每个人都给到特写
Nobody moves, everybody gets a close-up.
然后我们就被卡住了 因为接下来的五分钟只是镜头来回的切换
And we are stuck here for 5 minutes cutting back and forth.
就像我们现在看到的很多电影一样
It’s like a lot of films one sees today
它们就是我称之为“人物对话照片”的电影
They are what I call photographs of people talking.
并且跟“电影艺术”豪无关系
And bears no relation to the art of the cinema.
对此 黑泽明就有另一套办法
So here’s one alternative from Akira Kurosawa.
他不去均匀的分配每个镜头
Instead of going to standard coverage,
而是将整个场景塑造成简单的几何图形
stage the scene in simple geometric shapes.
这是《懒夫睡汗》中的一幕
This scene comes from the Bad Sleep Well,
它主要运用了两个图形——长方形和三角形
and it focuses on two things — squares and triangles.
看这儿 西把包拿给了白井
Here, Nishi hands the case to Shirai.
当他再次坐下时
And as he sits down again.
就出现了一个简单的三角形:
We get a very simple triangle:
两双眼睛和装着赃款的皮包
two sets of eyes, and a bag with the stolen money.
注意黑泽明在人物出现各种反应时并没有剪辑镜头
Notice that Kurosawa doesn’t cut between reactions.
而是让我们的眼睛自然的看着一个人的脸
Instead our eyes naturally look at one person’s face,
然后再看向另一个人
and then the other.
当白井开始害怕了 三角形也在拉长
As Shirai grows afraid, the triangle stretches out.
即使我们没有注意到这点
Even though we are not thinking about it,
注意这扇门 它一直在画面背景里
notice that the door is always in frame in the background
默默准备着 为了这一刻……
to prepare us for when…
当守山走进来时
As Moriyama approaches,
摄像机重构了画面并让白井陷入到一个长方形中
the camera reframes to trap Shitai inside a square.
你刚刚在做什么?
Just what are you doing?
随着白井的后退
And as the shorter man backs up,
我们得到一个非常棒的构图:
we get this great composition:
三个人 三双眼睛
three man, three sets of eyes.
你为什不打开包?
Why won’t you open it?
即使是两个人站着的人开始了对话
Even though the verbal drama happens between the two standing men.
最接近画面中心的还是西的脸
It’s Nishi’s face closest to center frame.
因为我们需要看到他的反应
Because we need to see his reaction
并且确认他的伪装没有暴露
and make sure his cover isn’t blown.
黑泽明用一只手打破了三角形 旋即又恢复了
Kurosawa breaks the triangle with a hand and then a reveal.
注意西是如何只利用目光的移动
Notice how just by moving his eyes.
就吸引我们注意的
We pay attention to Nishi.
这时三角形也被巧妙地改变了
And the triangle has suddenly changed.
当右边的人转而去关注地上的钱时
The two men on the left have been brought closer together.
左边两个人被拉得更近了
While the man on the right breaks away to focus on the money.
我真的不知道是怎么回事
I don’t have my idea
你跟我走!
Just follow me!
我们看到白井最后一次请求原谅 但没有成功
We get one last attempt at forgiveness, but it doesn’t work.
白井犹豫了半秒钟后
Shirai hesitates for half a second,
场景就结束了 就像刚开始一样
and the scene ends much as it began
形单影只的西计划着他的下一步行动
with one person alone, planning his next move.
即使他连一句话都没说过
Even though he never says a word.
仅靠他的动作和眼神 三船敏郎就成了这一幕的主角
Toshiro Mifune owns this scene with just his posture and his eyes.
而黑泽明依靠三角形和长方形的构图
And Kurosawa, by staging it in triangles and squares,
给了我们很多视觉焦点
gives our eyes multiple points to focus on,
在两分半的时间里展现了一个完整的故事
and a complete story in two and half minutes.
甚至还有一些几何之美
There’s even a geometric beauty about it.
先是一个人 再是两个 然后三个 两个 一个
One person, then two, then three, two, one.
真是个视觉叙事的杰作
It is a masterpiece of visual storytelling.
如果你喜欢这一招的话
If you like this exercise,
试着研究一下黑泽明其他的作品吧
try studying any other Kurosawa.
对于每部电影
In each film
他都找到了大胆 简洁 视觉化的方法去讲述故事
he found old simple visual ways to tell the story.
《七武士》中有包围圈和七人组
Seven Samurai has circles and groups of seven.
《大保镖》有水平线和对角线
Yojimbo has horizontal rows and diagonal lines.
而在《武士勤王记》中则有更多的三角形
And the Hidden Fortress has triangles and more triangles.
所以如果下次你在一个场景里面安排了多个角色
So the next time you have multiple characters in a scene.
别再只拍普通的特写了
Don’t just shoot generic close-ups.
去创造!
Be creative!
看你能弄出什么样的形状
And see what kind of shapes you can make.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

下次拍多人场面,可用多角度构图,去创造!

听录译者

Jade珏

翻译译者

甪里

审核员

审核员_BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGc-K7giqKM

相关推荐