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何为先天下之忧而忧?

The Avengers of virus hunters

路透社报道 世界卫生组织:刚果伊波拉病毒大爆发 并以从未有过的快速度蔓延着
半岛电视台报道 也门的霍乱疫情大爆发 死亡人数超过300人
一处地方的病毒爆发将威胁到全世界
An outbreak anywhere is a threat everywhere.
疾病 是不分国界的
There are no borders between these diseases.
非洲撒哈拉以南出现的疫情会蔓延到英国
Something that happens in sub-Saharan Africa can come to the United Kingdom.
也可能会传播到美国
It may come to the United States.
我叫Dan Bausch
My name is Dan Bausch.
指挥着英国公共卫生快速支援组
I direct the UK Public Health Rapid Support Team.
我们的首要目标是
The number one objective is for us to
对来自中低收入国家的疾病爆发和传染疾病
to respond to outbreaks and infectious diseases
做出快速的反应
in low and middle income countries.
疾病爆发后
When outbreak happens,
我们要在48小时内将队伍派到事发地
we can push a team out into the field within 48 hours.
自2017年4月以来 我们已先后11次调配人员到7个不同的国家
Since April 2017 we’ve deployed 11 times to seven different countries.
尽可能快地调派人手是绝对有必要的
It’s absolutely essential that we get people out as quickly as possible.
未确诊的疾病也会急速地传播
The diseases in question have the capacity to spread rapidly.
所以我们需要快速抵达并采取措施制止蔓延
So, we need to be there quickly to help to stop that spread
以及更进一步的演变
and prevent further transmission.
在多个地区 我们已开展了对霍乱的防治
We’ve deployed to Cholera in various places,
马达加斯加的瘟疫
plague in Madagascar,
刚果民主共和国的多次伊波拉病毒大爆发
various Ebola outbreaks in Democratic Republic of the Congo,
尼日利亚的拉沙热 和去年孟加拉国的白喉
Lassa fever in Nigeria, Diphtheria outbreak in Bangladesh last year.
要对病毒及疾病进行监测就意味着要做一名侦探
Surveillance means being a detective.
人们居住在城市
People live in cities.
前往卫生保健机构
People go to healthcare facilities.
乘坐出租车
People take a taxi.
去饭店
People go to a restaurant.
在被检测并被告知身体不健康之前
So, they could potentially have been to many different places
他们有可能已经到过很多不同的地方
before being notified and detected while they were unwell.
所以 监测工作实际上需要侦探性质的调查
And so, it takes detective work to actually go back,
回去 确认所有他们到过的地方以及接触到的人和物
trying to identify all those places, identify those contacts,
并对他们进行跟踪随访
and being able to follow them up.
2017年在塞拉利昂 出现了大面积的泥石流塌方
In Sierra Leone in 2017, there was a massive mudslide.
出于对霍乱疫情爆发的担忧
The RST were called in to support surveillance operations
RST被召集来协助我们开展对疫情的监测工作
because we were concerned that there might be a cholera outbreak.
我们很快在他们的基层医院
And we effectively put in a new laboratory
建立了一个新的实验室
in their primary hospital,
提供对霍乱 沙门氏菌 痢疾和疾病的诊断
providing cholera, salmonella, dysentery, disease diagnostics.
我们的团队不是飞过来 认为一切尽在掌控
We’re not a team that flies in and thinks we have all the solutions,
然后再飞走
and then flies out.
我们支持国家政府
We support national governments.
我们支持世界卫生组织
We support the World Health Organization
和其它对疾病爆发进行抗争的组织
and others in fighting outbreaks.
我们的终极目标是让自己失业
Our ultimate goal is to work ourselves out of a job.
有人会问:“为什么英国要关心
People ask me, ‘ Why should the UK worry about
非洲撒哈拉以南的事情?
what happens in sub-Saharan Africa?
为什么刚果民主共和国的
Why is it our problem that
伊波拉病毒爆发是我们的问题?”
Democratic Republic of Congo has an Ebola outbreak? ’
我举了个例子
I use the example, you know,
如果你今天出门看向街区
if you come out of your house today and look down the block
发现着火了
and see that there’s a fire,
对你来说 仅仅只是提桶水坐在门口
it’s probably not the best strategic move for you
并不是最好的策略 是吗?
to just sit at your doorstep with a bucket of water, right?
最合理的做法是
The logical thing for you to do
提着水走到街区 从根源上把火扑灭
is to go down the block and put out the fire at its source.
这样才能拯救你的房子
and that is what saves your house.

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视频概述

有一批战士,他们将目光和援助之手伸向遥远地方的病毒和疾病中的人们。我们及整个世界需要了解他们。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

红宝石

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=017JPfg4WyM

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