THE ANIMATED HISTORY OF UKRAINE
Ukraine is located here,
right below Russia and Belarus.
So, Ukraine is a relatively young country.
Like, really young.
Its Declaration of Independence was only ratified in 1991,
making it roughly the same age as most Millennials.
Most of this general region
was historically part of either Russia or Poland.
It’s very name an old Slavic routes, means borderland,
which illustrates the divided frontier like nature of the land.
So if you haven’t already seen the episode on Russia,
you can click here to catch up to speed.
And yes, I will eventually cover Poland,
you can stop asking for now.
Before the creation of the Kievan Rus,
the Ukrainian steppes for the home of, well steppe people.
The general area passed hands many times
between large and small nomadic tribes.
The largest and most powerful of which
are occasionally recorded for us by Western European scholars,
who wrote about the dreadful Eastern heathens raiding their land,
such as the Huns, Avars and Bulgars.
If you wanna go back further,
there were the Germanic off settlements before that,
and Roman before that,
and Greek before that,
and mammoths before that, but hell,
we’ve got to start somewhere.
All the while, the people, the steppes remain constant.
Watching raiding and trading with their neighbors
just often enough to be no worthy in the ink and paper of the Westerners.
The Slavs and the Steppe cultures have competing legends about the precise founding of the Kiev.
But historians generally agree
it was an important trade city between many kingdoms and empires.
According to the primary chronicle,
which is a fancy term for
“We’re not totally biased, we promise this happened.”
The city was captured by the Ruhr Kidd dynasty in 882, from the Khazars,
882年 鲁尔基德王朝攻占了这座城市 将其从哈扎尔人手里夺走
formally being annexed into the Kievan Rus.
The location of the city on a lucrative trade route between the north and the south
enabled it to prosper,
and make it rain dollar bills in the medieval ruse state.
From 1241, Ukraine was part of the Mongol Empire and the Golden Horde.
But, this was not to last.
Some ambitious Poles and Lithuanians
were quietly building the foundations of an empire on the Baltic.
The rise of the polish-lithuanian Commonwealth
created a new superpower in the region,
driving the Mongols out of the Ukraine from the 14th to 15th centuries,
because nothing says empire like land grabs,
and the amount they needed was more.
Supposing now to take off our ethnic and nationalistic hats.
For moments, the Sweeney channel
would like you to take note of the following disclaimer.
A lot of Ukraine’s history has been influenced
by a people called the Cossacks.
We don’t know exactly where these people came from,
but we do know they formed a distinct ethnic and culture minority.
For many centuries, the most compelling origins
is a likelihood of mixed ancestry between the Slavs and various Mongol and Turkic descendants,
many of whom remain long after the collapse of the Mongol Khanate.
There’s also a theory that the collapse of the Mongol Empire
began the process of Jewish migration into Europe,
but it’s pretty debatable at this point.
The Cossacks did briefly win independence from Poland
over annexed by Russia in the following decades.
The people of this region spoke a variety of tongues
including Russian, Polish and Ruthenian.
Ruthenian is a bit of a catch-all term for Rus’ dialects related to Russian
that were spoken in both Poland and Russia
and heavily influenced by both.
Some linguists believe it to be a form of proto Lingua Franca,
which gradually formed the Belarusian Ukrainian dialectal continuum.
However, Ukrainian Belarusian and Russian
然而 乌克兰语 白俄罗斯语和俄语
still carry large degrees of mutual intelligibility today.
Some linguists even suggest that
all three may be dialects of the same language.
But the studies are still debated over.
The Russians ban the use of Rossini and dialects in 1804,
but the use of it stayed alive in small communities in Austria-Hungary.
The language divide is still evident today,
as many parts of eastern Ukraine have a good knowledge of,
or speak Russian as their mother tongue.
As you know from the previous episodes,
the modern Ukraine borders became completely part of the Russian Empire,
and the later, USSR.
The nuclear reactor explosion in Chernobyl
was the worst nuclear disaster in history.
releasing megatons of radioactive dust into the soil and air.
And we’re not for the brave emergency workers who sealed the leaking reactor,
we might all be walking around with a few extra limbs.
Chernobyl is still a ghost town to this day,
as the radiation leak is still a credible threat to public safety.
After the fall of the Soviet Union,
Ukraine became a fully sovereign state for the first time in 1991.
Hooray! The world had a new baby!
And the world opened its arms to the new independent Ukraine,
and there was peace and prosperity and,
oh wait, that’s not what happened.
哦 等一下 不是这样的
The modern Ukraine has lived up to its name
in its oh-so brief history as a borderland.
The country is divided along nationalist, linguist and political lines between a Russian East, and Ukrainian West,
它成为民族主义者 语言学家 对俄罗斯东部与乌克兰西部之间划分的政治分界线
because no feud is worse than a family feud,
and Ukrainian politics could not decide
what relationship they wanted to have with big brother Russia.
Tensions came to a head during the Russian annexation of Crimea,
and eastern Ukrainian separatist movement in 2014.
Because Putin disliked Ukraine’s temper tantrums
and decided to take away her toys,
the country’s future is somewhat uncertain,
and the conflicts in the East are ongoing.
But the country still sees many tourists each year
and remains an important geopolitical economic center in Eastern Europe.
Hopefully, it works out for you, Ukraine.
Love the Sweeny channel!
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you can click here for more.
Remember to always be prepared for steppe people.
Until next time.
THE ANIMATED HISTORY OF UKRAINE