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“1%的人拥有社会大部分的社会财富”为何是错的

The 99% Is a Myth—Here's How It Really Breaks Down

In our own minds, we usually place ourselves
在我们心中 我们通常将我们自己置于
in the social class in which we were raised.
我们所成长的社会阶层中
For me, like many Americans, that means “middle class.”
对我来说 像很多美国人那样 意味着“中产阶级”
But the truth is that the social classes in
但事实是 美国的社会阶级
the United States are rapidly pulling away from one another.
正在迅速相互拉开距离
The emerging class system looks different,
虽然因为便装规范
with its casual dress codes and somewhat greater
肤色以及民族多样性
variety of skin tones and ethnicities, but
新兴的社会经济制度看起来不同
we are the accomplices in a process that is strangling the economy,
但我们是抑制经济
destabilizing our politics, and eroding democracy.
破坏政治 侵蚀民主过程中的帮凶
There is a familiar story about rising inequality in the United States.
有一个熟悉的故事 是关于美国境内日益严重的不平等问题
The villains are the plutocrats, the fat cats,
反派们是财阀 是肥猫
the tech bros and the rest of the so-called 1%.
是科技兄弟 是其余的所谓的百分之一
The good guys are the 99 percent,
好人占百分之九十九
also known as “ the people.”
也被称为“人民”
In fact, it is the
事实上
top 0.1 % who have been the big winners
在过去的五十年中 收入最高的0.1%人口
in wealth over the past 50 years.
是财富的最大赢家
Their share of the pie climbed from 10 percent
他们所占份额从1963年的10%
in 1963 to more than 22 percent today.
上升到今天的22%
But not everybody below them had to give up something.
但并不是收入低于他们的每个人都必须放弃一些东西
Only the bottom 90% did.
只有底端那90%的人需要
In between, there is a third group
在两者之间 有一个第三群体
that has held on to its share of the wealth year after year.
年复一年 他们保持其财富份额
Let’s call it the 9.9%.
让我们称之为那9.9%
The 9.9% is rich in more than mere money.
这9.9%的人不仅仅在金钱方面是富有的
It has substantially lower rates of heart disease, diabetes, and obesity;
其明显有着极低心脏病 糖尿病和肥胖症患病率
it marries later and has more stable family structures;
这个阶级较晚结婚 有着更稳定的家庭结构
it lives in gilded neighborhoods with richer
这9.9%生活在富人区
social networks and vastly better educational opportunities.
有着丰富的社交网络 巨大的教育机会
And it is able to pass
并且所有这些
along all of this to its offspring,
都能够传递给子孙后代
leaving the bottom 90% in the dust.
将底层那90%的人留在尘土中
We like to pretend that none of this matters
我们喜欢假装这些事情都不重要
because in the land of opportunity, everybody has a chance to make it.
因为在机会的国度 每个人都有机会成功
But in fact, social mobility is lower here
但事实上 这里的社会流动性
than in many other developed countries, and it’s been going down.
比很多其他发达国家都低 并且还在持续降低
Aristocrats take wealth out of productive activities and invest it in walls.
贵族从生产中获取财富 并投资于壁垒建设之中
They lock themselves and their offspring in place
以其他人的孩子为代价
at the expense of other people’s children.
他们固定了自己和后代的地位
The escalating inequality of our time appears new,
在当今时代中 日益加剧的不平等看起来像是新的
but if you take in a broad sweep of history, starting,
但是如果你从历史的角度看
say, with the Great Pyramids of Egypt,
从埃及金字塔说起
inequality looks like the norm of human experience.
不平等似乎在人类经历中非常普遍
History tells us that aristocrats come to believe their own propaganda:
历史告诉我们贵族们相信他们自己的宣传
that their superiority is an artifact of nature.
认为他们的优越性是天赋的
Today’s 9.9 percent has convinced themselves
如今 那9.9%的人不认为
they don’t have any privileges, and the delusions are understandable.
他们有任何特权 并且认为错觉是可以理解的
A strange truth about rising inequality is that even
奇怪的是 即使增长的不平等现象
as it locks our privileges in place,
将我们的特权锁在特定位置
it doesn’t seem to make things that much easier.
它却并没有使事情变得更容易
That’s because the greater the inequality, the less your money buys.
那是因为不平等越严重 你买东西的钱越少
Our insecurity grows as the chasm beneath us expands.
随着我们底下的裂缝增大 我们不安全感在增加
Rising inequality leads to political instability
日益增长的不平等导致政治动荡
and typically ends in catastrophic violence. Still,
并且通常以灾难性的暴力告终
there have been exceptions.
也有一些例外
America’s founders were mostly 9.9%ers,
美国的创始人大多是9.9%里面的人
but they turned their backs on the man at the top
但为了创建一个人民的政府
in order to create a government of, by, and for the people.
他们背叛了上层的人
Reversing the calcifying effects of rising inequality
扭转日益加剧的不平等所带来的钙化反应
isn’t just a matter of helping out the less fortunate.
不仅仅是帮助那些不幸的人的问题
The challenge we face now is to renew the promise of American democracy.
我们当前面临的挑战是重申美国民主的承诺

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关于1%的人拥有社会大部分的社会财富的观点为何是错的

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hb28kAavh0M

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