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9种最科学有效的学习方法

The 9 BEST Scientific Study Tips

Time for school.
该上学啦
And it’s no surprise that
毫无疑问
many of us are determined to study smarter instead of longer.
大多数人决心更高效率地学习
But which study tips and tricks actually work scientifically
但哪些学习要诀和技巧真的科学
and can help you get those perfect grades.
并能帮你取得好成绩呢
First step, research shows that
首先 研究表明
study sessions are most effective in small short chunks.
把学习时间分成小短块最有效
Instead of cramming in a ten hour study session,
与其10个小时填鸭式地学习
it’s much more effective to spread it out
更有效的方法是在几周内
into twenty thirty minute sessions over a few weeks.
把它分成20个30分钟的时间段来学习
This is because your brain is better at
这是因为大脑更擅长
encoding information into the synapses in short repeated sessions
短时间重复地将信息编码到突触中
as opposed to one large one.
而不是长时间地编码
And this is why even learning different skills,
这就是为什么即使学习不同技能
whether it’s swimming, tennis or a singing lesson
无论是游泳 网球还是唱歌
often follows the same format.
都遵循相同的模式
And while cramming and pulling all nighters maybe a ritual,
虽然死记硬背 通宵达旦可能是一种惯例
it turns out that this is linked to the lowest grades.
但事实证明 这和取得最低分有关
After prolonged nocturnal study sessions,
在熬夜学习后
reasoning and memorizing maybe negatively affected for up to four whole days.
推理和记忆可能受到长达四天的负面影响
Instead, setting up specific times in a day or during the week,
相反 在一天或一周中设定特定的时间
just to study prime your brain by creating a routine.
通过创造一种习惯来使大脑处于最佳状态
And over time, studying actually becomes easier
久而久之 学习实际上变得更容易了
as your brain is trained to learn in those moments.
因为大脑在那些时间内得到训练
And while many of us spend hours
尽管大多数人花几个小时
passively rereading our notes or highlighting a textbook,
被动地重读笔记或在课本上划重点
studies have shown this to be ineffective.
但研究表明这个行为是无效的
It doesn’t improve your understanding of topics,
这既不能加深对话题的理解
nor does it link key concepts together.
也不能衔接重要概念
It can even be detrimental,
甚至可能有害
as it draws your attention to less important information.
因为这会让你关注不太重要的信息
Flash cards, on the other hand,
另外 记忆卡被证明
are proven to be excellent memory reinforcement tools,
是很好的记忆巩固工具
whether during your scheduled study times
不论在你的计划学习时间
or during off times like a bus ride home.
或下班时间 如乘公交回家
It also helps to have a specific goal for each study session.
记忆卡有助于为每个学习环节明确目标
Instead of English studying, pick one aspect you focuse on.
不是笼统的“学习英语” 而是选一个具体的方面
Whether it’s balancing chemical equations
无论是平衡化学方程式
or learning how to conjugate French verbs.
还是学习如何搭配法语动词
If you can’t explain it simply,
如果你不能简单描述它
then you don’t understand it well enough.
那说明你没有完全理解
In studies where individuals were asked to learn a passage
研究中 受试者需学习一篇文章
and then half were told they will be tested on the material
然后一半人被告知将接受测试
while the other half were told they would have to teach it to other student.
同时另一半人被告知要教会其他学生
Participants expecting to teach it,
要教学的参与者
did much better on understanding the main points.
在理解要点上做得更好
When you’re expecting to teach,
当你期待教学时
your brain oganizes the information in a more logical coherent structure.
大脑会用更有逻辑的连贯结构来组织信息
Of course, practice, practice, practice!
当然 你得练习 练习 再练习!
Not only do you practice tests for your brains in your enviroment,
不只是在熟悉的领域为大脑练习测试
but even if you make mistakes,
即使你犯错
they help identify gaps in your knowledge.
也将有助于你找到知识缺口
Practice tests have also been shown to increase confidence,
练习测试被证实能提高自信
thereby leading to better performance.
从而带来更好的表现
So where should you be studying?
所以该在哪儿学习呢?
Research shows that having a designated secret spot for study,
研究表明 最好有一个固定的私密学习地点
that well equipped with every tool you might need is best
同时配备好你可能需要的每样工具
just like setting times, this primes your brain for studying.
就像设定闹钟 这会让大脑做好学习准备
Have an awesome study playlist, not so fast.
制定一个合适的学习音乐单 节奏不要太快
Well some studies have shown that
一些研究表明
certain types of classical music can help improve concentration.
某些类型的古典音乐能提高注意力
A recent study has shown that
最近一项研究表明
learning with rhythmic background noise can be detrimental to focus
在有节奏的噪音下学习 影响注意力集中
and those not using music very much better.
不听音乐会好很多
And if you haven’t already, put away your phone.
如果你还没有准备好 远离手机啊
This is a no brainer,
毋庸置疑
but your text and social media notifications severely decrease concentration.
短信和社交媒体通知会严重降低你的注意力
Of course, exams can be extremely stressful.
当然 考试会让人非常有压力
So if you want some tips
如果你需要一些
on how to deal with exam anxiety,
应对考试焦虑的方法
check out our Asap video
请观看我们的艾萨视频
which breaks down some tips for that link in the description.
那里有解决办法 简介里有链接
And a big thank you to TD Bank for sponsoring this video.
非常感谢TD银行对本视频的大力支持
If you are heading to camps this fall,
如果你今年秋天将要入学
click on the link below or visit td dot com slash student
点击访问td.com/student
to see how TD can help you start school with a plan.
看看TD如何帮你有计划地开始新学期
We know how tough it can be getting buried in books and bills
我们明白埋头于书本和账单是多么的艰难
and TD has some great solutions for you.
TD将为您提供完美的解决方案
Be sure to check it out
一定要查看并订阅
and subscribe for more weekly science videos.
更多的每周科学视频

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视频概述

本视频提供了9种最科学有效的学习方法,让你避开常见的误区,科学且高效的学习!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p60rN9JEapg

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