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2017年你值得拥有的9本好书 – 译学馆
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2017年你值得拥有的9本好书

The 9 Best Books I Read in 2017

我打算在录本期视频的过程中
Okay, I’m gonna do the
让这些书在都我手指上保持不掉落
entire video balancing these on one finger.
好吧 当我没说
Nevermind. Hey,
嗨 你们好吗?
what is going on guys?
今天我打算再给大家推荐几本书
So today I thought I would do another book recommendation video,
但是 提前说明一下
but I do want to tell you up front,
本期内容
that this is a little bit
会跟以往的好书推荐视频有一点点不同
different than my previous book recommendation video,
之前推荐的都是我认为每个学生都应该读的书目
which was all about books I think that every student should read.
而这次主要是推荐
By contrast, this is a list of the
今年我所读过的最好的书
best books that I personally read this year,
所以今天的书单里每本书都既有教育性
so while every book on this list is educational
又有实用性 我也不是说如果你是一个学生的话 就必须读这些书
and I found to be very useful, I’m not necessarily going to say that you have to read this bookif you’re a student,
但是我确实认为
but I do think
不管你是什么职业或身份
that you’ll find a lot of the books,
都会觉得今天的这些书很有趣
on this list interestingno matter who you are.
就比如
Case in point,
今天推荐的第一本是西蒙•辛格的《密码故事》
the first book on my list is The Code Book by Simon Singh. Now,
这是一本
this is a book
可以让你了解所有关于
that teaches you all about the history
密码学发展历史和来龙去脉的书
and the ins and outs of cryptography,
还有解码编码的技术活儿
the science of encodingand decoding messages.
这本书主要就是全面概述密码的那些事儿
The book basically gives you a comprehensive overview of this topic
它从罗马时代起回顾
and it starts all the way back
然后介绍了凯撒密码和单表替代密码
in Roman times and goes over Caesar ciphers and monoalphabetic substitution ciphers,
再到多表替代密码
moves onto polyalphabeticsubstitution ciphers
最后回归现代社会
and then goes
介绍了比如DIFFIE-HELLMAN密钥交换法
into the modern day and covers things like Diffie-Hellman key exchange
公私密钥加密法 甚至量子密码学
and public private key cryptography and even quantum cryptography. Now,
这本书有点缺乏实用性
the book is lacking alittle bit in practical details
没有讲如何保护我们的网络隐私
about how to secure your online life,
虽然我们之前做过一期有关于该话题的视频
though we did do a podcast episode all about that
你可以查看下方的描述框获得视频地址
that you can check out in the description down below,
但是读这本书真是让我废寝忘食
but it is an absolutely fascinating read
一拿起这书 我就很难放下它
and I could not put it down once I started reading it.
第二本要推荐的书是格雷戈·麦吉沃恩的
Second on my list is Essentialism:
《精要主义:专注有意义的少数》
The Disciplined Pursuit of Less by Greg McKeown
在做这期视频之前 我们
and we did have to look up how to pronounce
在Forvo上查了他名字的读法
that on Forvo before making this video, so I
所以我确定我读的没错
‘m pretty sure I have that right, but if
但如果你是爱尔兰人 可以指正我
you’re Irish, then you can correct me.
这是一个爱尔兰的名字 对吧?
It is an Irish name, right?
– [工作人员] 不清楚
– [Man] No idea.
– 我得要确认一下
– Boy, now I have to look that up.
– [工作人员] 他们有人说读McKeown
– [Man] Also, one of them said McKeown.
这本书告诉我们要专注于你人生中
– This book talks allabout how to prioritize
真正重要而有意义的事
the most important thingsthat you’re doing in your life
以及如何摒弃琐碎杂念
and focus on those things, howto work without distraction
这本书对我来说真的很重要
and this book was really important for me
因为我在创业 我做创意工作
because as an entrepreneur and a creative person,
我经常产生许多的想法
I get a ton of ideas and
如果我学不会专注的话
if I don’t keep my mind restrained
我很可能在一件事情没完成之前
a little bit, I’m easilyable to just go off
就被一个新的想法分神
and get distracted on a new idea before finishing something
导致我在做的工作半途而废
that I’m already working on,
所以这本书真让我茅塞顿开
so reading this book really shifted my mindset
让我能够专注于一项重要的任务
and made me take single-minded focus on an important task
比之前要认真专注得多
a lot more seriouslythan I had in the past
这本书
and this was one book
我之前也在播客中介绍过
that we did talk about on the podcast,
如果你想了解更多书评或者内容摘要
so if you want an overview or a summary of it,
可以点击描述框里的链接
I’ll have a link in the description down below.
要推荐的第三本书是本大部头
The third book on my list is a big one. Debt:
大卫·格雷伯的《债务:回顾5000年》
The First 5,000Years by David Graeber
是一本很有趣的书 事实上
was a fascinating read, and admittedly,
我还没有读完这本书 但是
I’m actually not done with this book yet, but I
我也读了有一半了 如果你喜欢读经济学方面的书的话
am about halfway through and it is really really interesting if you
它真的非常非常有趣
have any sort of inclination towards reading about economics.
曾经我在看约翰·格林制作的《10分钟速成课–世界史系列》时
I actually heard about this book back when I watched the money episode
其中一集讲到了货币 那时我就听到了有关这本书的介绍
of the Crash Course World History Series with John Green
了解到书中表达的观点十分有趣
and the idea that it exploresis really fascinating. Basically,
通常 传统经济学认为在货币出现之前
in classical economics they teach this idea that
人们都是以物换物
before money there was barter. Basically,
当时你没还有货币可用
before you had coins to trade with, you
所以你会拉上你家的牛去市场
took your cow to the market and you lopped off part
以部分牛腿肉换取一些大米
of its leg and you traded that for some rice,
虽然在很多经济学课本的引言中都介绍过这种观点
but the thing is while this theory is taught in most
但人类学家并没发现有证据表明
intro to economics textbooks, anthropologists have found almost no record
在货币出现之前 任何人类社会
of any society that ever used pure barter
出现过纯粹的物物交易
before the development of money.
实际上当时人们都用债券
Instead they used informal debt bonds,
然后债券最终发展成了
which eventually becameformalized by the development
正式的货币和借据和银行贷款等等
of money and IOUs andbanking and so forth. Anyway,
不管怎样 这不是一本
again, this is not the kind of
教你如何理财或者有效节省开支的书
book that’s gonna help you balance your own
但是 这本书精彩介绍了
checkbook or save more money efficiently, but it is
经济学的真正运作原理
a fascinating introduction into how economics really works.
下一本书是《伊隆·马斯克传》
Next up on my list isthe Elon Musk biography
由艾什利·文斯所著 你也许已经看过
by Ashlee Vance and you mayhave seen this one coming
因为最近我刚制作了一期有关埃隆·马斯克的视频
since I did make an ElonMusk video pretty recently.
我一直在尝试多读一些传记
I’ve been getting more and more into reading biographies and
在过去的两三年里我读了杰夫·贝佐斯
in the past couple of years I’ve read biographies on
史蒂夫·乔布斯和伊隆·马斯克的传记
Jeff Bezos, on Steve Jobs, and on Elon Musk
实话说 伊隆·马斯克的传记
and I have to say the one
对我启发最大 我对他的敬意
on Elon Musk inspired me the most and I came away with more respect
要高于对其他两位
for him than I did for the other two. Obviously,
以上三位都是或者曾经是非常成功的人士
all three of these men are or were wildly successful
但不可否认 他们都有明显的缺点
and they all definitely had glaring flaws
这些缺点是我想要避免的 但是这三人中
that I don’t wanna emulate,but out of the three,
只有伊隆·马斯克能激励我
I came away with the feelingthat Elon Musk has this
想要去为整个人类社会的发展而努力
just driving motivation toimprove humanity as a whole.
这就是我为什么
That’s the reason I made my video
起初制作马斯克的视频
on Musk in the first place
而且收听马斯克传记的有声书
and listening to his biography,
这也是我第一次
because this is one that I
使用有声读物
did listen to as an audiobook,
听他的书确实让我备受鼓舞
was really motivating for me.
它使我想要更加专注于我的工作
It made me wanna put moreeffort into my own work.
第五本书是Michael Lewis《大空头》
Book number five on my list is The Big Short by Michael Lewis. Now,
如果你以前在Twitter看过我和Taha的一些对话
if you’ve seen any of my conversations with
那你就知道
my friend Taha on Twitter, you will know that The
《大空头》是我有史以来最喜欢的一部电影
Big Short is my favorite movie of all time
今年早些时候 在看了这部电影大约三次之后
and earlier this year, after watching the movie for probably the third time,
我觉得我实在应该
I decided it was high time
读一下原著了
that I actually read thebook that it was based on
这本书
and this book is an excellent overview
对2008年金融危机为什么会爆发有一个精准的概述
of exactly why the financialcrisis of 2008 happened,
所以如果你对最近的历史和经济感兴趣
so if you have any interest inrecent history and economics
想知道为什么市场会这样子崩溃了
and why the markets allcrashed the way they did
经济制度到底有多么腐化
and how corrupt the system really was,
那么这本书将会是一本很好的读物
this book is a fascinating read
并且这本书读起来很生动有趣
and it’s honestly a lot of fun to read as well,
尽管它可能还是会让你抓狂
though it will probably also make you mad.
好的 清单上的第六本书是
All right, book number six on my list
《怎样做才不犯错:数学思维的力量》
is How To Not Be Wrong: The Power
作者是乔丹·艾伦伯格
of Mathematical Thinking by Jordan Ellenberg.
就像书名说的 这是一本关于数学的书
Like the title implies,this is a book about math,
如果你不是一个喜欢数学的人 在你关掉这个视频之前
but before you go clicking out of this video if you don’t like math,
其实这并不是一本纯数学的书
it is not a math book.
你不需要去做一些数学问题
You’re not gonna have to work on problems.
它是一个关于一些数学概念的简介
It is a simple introductionto certain math concepts.
事实上 它包含用一页教你微积分
In fact, he has one pagethat teaches you calculus
只是一些关于微积分的基础概念
in one page, at least thefundamental concepts of it,
此外这本书花了大量的时间来讲统计
and moreover, this book spendsa lot of time talking about
和统计学是怎么
statistics and how statisticsare misinterpreted or misused
被那些媒体或是学者
by the media or
曲解或是误用
by people who have an agenda to further,
所以通过读这本书 即使你
so by reading this book, even if you
不需要在大学辅修数学
don’t go pick up a math minor in
或者进一步学习这些概念
university or study the concepts further,
它都会给你关于统计学的一个更加直观理解
it is going to give you amore intuitive understanding
你也能更加准确的
of statistics and you’re gonnabe able to more accurately
结束那些你日常生活中看到的事
interpret the ones yousee in your everyday life.
第七本书
Book number seven
是史蒂文·普莱斯菲尔德的《艺术的战争》
on my list is The War of Art by Steven Pressfield
这是另一本今年在播客里谈到过的书
and this is another book thatwe covered on the podcast
它可能是
this year and it is probably
我读过的关于挣扎于拖延症
the best book I have ever read
最好的书了
for when you are strugglingwith procrastination.
这本书主要是关于一个艺术家在工作中的沉思
This book is basically a meditation on the work
每日始终如一的工作
of an artist, the daily consistent work
年复一年的重复
put in over years and years.
它讲了很多关于阻力的概念
It deals a lot with theconcept of resistance
和怎么对抗这些阻力 实话说
and how to defeat it, and honestly,
如果你在不能很好处理日常的琐事
if you have a lot of trouble putting inconsistent daily work
与你的正事之间的关系的话
into things that you’re striving to do,
那么这本书很值得你读
this is a really good read.
第八本书
Book number eight
是安东尼·波登的《厨房秘事》
on my list is Kitchen Confidential by Anthony Bourdain
我之所以选择这本书
and I picked this book up because, as
正如你在我之前的视频里听到的
you might have heard in my previous video,
我最近非常痴迷于做饭
I’ve been really into cooking recently. Now,
这本书非常有趣
this book, while wildly entertaining,
它并不是关于怎么做饭
is not a how-to on the science of cooking.
事实上在我选中但还没看的书里
There actually is a book called The Science
确实有一本叫做《烹饪科学》
of Cooking which I also picked up but am not doing with yet,
但是这本书更多的是关于专业厨师的生活的探索
but this book is moreof an exposé on the life
如果你曾经看过任何
of a professional cook andif you’ve ever watched any
安东尼·伯尔顿的电视节目
of Anthony Bourdain’s TV shows before,
那你就会知道他实在是一个很有趣的人
you will know that he is an incredibly entertaining guy
并且把他的有趣运用到了书里
and that definitely transfersover to his writing. Now,
这本书确实教会了我一些东西
I will say that this book did
所以说这本书出现在了我的清单里
why it’s on this list.
如果它仅仅是有趣
If it was just entertaining,
我可能不会把它放在这里
I probably wouldn’t have put it on there.
这本书里有一章
It actually has a chapter that talks
讲的是关于为什么餐厅里的食物
about why restaurant food tastes different than the food
和你自己在家做的尝起来会不一样
you make at home and he
并且讲了一些
also talks a little bit about
你可以添加到你的厨房里的
some of the basic tools
基础厨具
that you can add to your kitchen
来使你更专业一点
to be a better cook yourself,
但是这本书大部分
but for the most part,
主要是一些关于
the book is mainly full of stories
伯尔顿作从一个厨子成为一个主厨的故事
of Bourdain’s time as acook and eventually a chef,
因为是安东尼·伯尔顿
and because it’s Anthony Bourdain and because he
并且因为他录制了电子书 所以我更加推荐听这本书
does narrate the audiobook, I highly recommend listening
而不是读这本书
to it rather than reading it.
最后 第九本书
And finally, the ninth book
是吉姆·柯林斯的《从优秀到卓越》
on my list is Good To Great by Jim Collins
作为一个企业家这本书对我而言非常实用
and this book was reallyuseful to me as an entrepreneur
因为它完全是关于一个企业如何从普通或是平凡到卓越
because it’s all about how companies go from good or mediocre to great.
这本书是基于一个长达五年的研究
The entire book is based on a five-year-long study
研究着眼于上百家不同公司的数据
that looked at data from hundreds of different companies
并找出一家长时间处于平庸状态
and identified the ones thatspent a really long time
最终遇到一个转折点
in the mediocre zone and thenfinally had a transition point
走向伟大的公司 这个过程持续了很长时间
to greatness that was sustained and I took a lot of
从这本书里我学到了很多东西 并且尝试去运用到
lessons away from this book that I tried to apply to
我的工作和我自己的公司中 但是
my work and to my own company, but one of
最重要的概念之一是“五级领导”
the most important was the concept of Level 5 Leadership.
这本书解释说“五级领导”
The book explains that a Level 5 Leader
是某些拥有两种非常重要的特质的人
is somebody who embodies two incredibly important characteristics. First,
首先 他们有着不屈不挠的意志和职业道德
they have an indomitablewill and work ethic.
他们愿意投身于
They’re willing to put
公司更远大的目标中
in whatever it takes to further the goals of the company,
但是同时 他们也很谦逊
but at the exact sametime, they are humble.
他们依循哈里· S·杜鲁门的格言
They live by that excellentquote from Harry Truman.
“如果你不在意谁将得到最后的奖励
“It’s amazing what you can accomplish
那你将有伟大的成就”
“if you do not care who gets the credit.”
当我读到这句话的时候 我就把它记在了心里
After I read that, I took that to heart.
我意识到我经营
I realized that I run a
一家公司 我面临着各种各样的东西
business where my face is basically on everything,
但是有很多东西
but there are a lot of elements that I
我本可以放弃
have been able to let go that have actually
由于我去做了而变得更好
improved because I’ve done that.
大伙们 这就是我今年所读的最好的书清单
So guys, that is my list of the best books
我也希望能听听你们的推荐
that I’ve read this year and I would love to hear from you.
什么是你今年读过的最好的书呢?
What are the best booksthat you’ve read this year?
在评论区留言吧
Let me know down in the comments. Also,
我在下面的描述中放了所有这些书的链接 你可以点进去
I have all these books linked in the description below,so you can check them out
如果你想要那些
if you want and for the ones
我们之前在博客上分析过的内容
that we did happen to analyze
这里也有以前的播客的链接
on the podcast, I will have links to those podcast episodes as well.
此外 如果你喜欢这个视频 请你点个赞
Beyond that, if you enjoyed this video, you can give it a thumbs up
你也可以订阅我的频道 这样下一次我更新视频的时候
and you can also subscribe right there if you wanna get notified
你就能收到通知
when I publish new videos and
你也可以点击这里
you can also click right there
如果你想获得一本我写的
if you wan na get a free copy
关于如何获得好成绩的免费样书
of my book on how to earn better grades.
你也可以在2017年的概述里
You can also find our latest
找到我们最新的播客
podcast episode right there where we recapped 2017
这里也有一点过去的回顾
and kind of did a little year in review
如果你想获得本频道的更多视频
and if you wanna find one more video
请点击这里
on this channel, click right there.
感谢收看 我们下集再见
Thanks for watching and I’llsee you in the next video.

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视频概述

介绍了该up主当年读过的值得推荐的9本书

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

子非鱼

审核员

审核员A

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QMkKfdOpAeM

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