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50美元的苹果 – 译学馆
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50美元的苹果

The 50 Dollar Apple

《世界之大》 一天一苹果
Welcome to Fujisaki, Japan.
欢迎来到日本藤崎
In the far north of Honshu Island in a prefecture called Aomori
在本州岛最北部的青森县
One of the more remote and rural prefectures
本州最偏僻的乡村之一
I won’t be surprised if you’ve never heard of this town.
你没听过这个地方很正常
It certainly isn’t famous.
这里的确不太出名
But you’ve probably heard of what it makes —
但你或许听过这里的特产–
these trees around me.
我身旁的这些树
It’s an apple orchard that we’re currently standing in
现在我站的地方是一片苹果园
and Fujisaki comprises more than 50% of apples produced in Japan
日本出产的苹果 半数以上来自藤崎
What’s more, they produce a very famous
此外 这里还出产一种饱负盛名
internationally-known apple, known as,
享誉全球的苹果 那就是
not-coincidentally, the Fuji apple.
没错 富士苹果
And the Fuji apple’s history, to me, is really interesting.
我认为 富士苹果的历史十分有趣
It’s interesting, first of all, because it’s a happy story.
首先 因为这是个令人愉快的故事
It’s a story showing the true benefits of a global world.
这个故事展现了全球化时代的真正好处
And considering that we’re an Italian filmmaker
设想我们是在日本的意大利电影制作人
with a Canadian host in Japan,
和加拿大主持人
to me, a global world is an incredibly important and positive thing.
于我而言 全球化是件极为重要且有意义的事
So the history of these apples start in the 1860s
这些苹果的历史始于19世纪60年代
with an American missionary,
当时的一个美国传教士
just as the Japanese empire has opened up to the West
由于当时日本帝国向西方国家开放
and opened up to Western influence.
且广受西方影响的时期
Of course, the first people who come in,
当然 像其它国家一样
just like any nation, are the missionaries.
第一批来此的人是传教士
And they’re here to convert Japanese to Christianity.
他们来这 是为让日本人信仰基督教
And they’re doing so in the form of a man named John Ing.
通过一个叫John Ing的人 他们做到了
He tried to spread two things:
他试着去传播两件事
The love of Christ, Christianity.
一是传播对耶稣和基督教的爱
His job, so to speak.
这也可以说是他的工作
And apples.
二是传播苹果
And he spread apples almost accidentally, just as, sort of,
他引入苹果几乎纯属巧合
well, he looked around, and he saw that Aomori was a fairly poor prefecture,
他在这里转了转 发现青森县相当穷
that being so far north, being so cold,
这里地处极北 气候严寒
having imperfect land for growth.
没有适合种植的良田
The people living here were either fishermen,
这里的居民要么当渔民
very basic farmers, or conscripts into war.
或当实实在在的农民 要么就参军
They didn’t have an industry that they would describe as their own.
他们没有自己的产业
And he kind of looked at the soil and looked at the land and said,
当时他看着这里的土壤 又看着这片土地 说
“This really reminds me of the climate where apples at home would grow so well.
这让我想起了适合家乡苹果生长的气候
So why don’t they grow apples here?”
那么 他们为什么不在这种苹果呢
So he brings a couple of apples seeds,
所以他拿来一些苹果种子
and gives them to local farmers,
把它们分给当地农民
and begin planting what becomes this apple industry.
并开始了培育苹果的产业
Because the Japanese don’t have a concept of apples,
因为日本人没有苹果的概念
or, they do,
或者说 他们有
but they’re more like what we would consider crabapples –
但他们更喜欢我们认为的野苹果
very small, tart, and not worth eating.
那种苹果又小又酸 不值一尝
But these new apples, they don’t really fit into Japanese meals
但这些新苹果不符合日本的饮食口味
because the Japanese don’t have a great deal of fruit to begin with
因为最初日本并没有很多水果
and the fruit that they do have,
并且他们已有的水果
it’s more dessert.
更类似甜点
It’s a gift to someone else,
这些水果可作礼物
it’s something to share with your family.
也可与家人共享
So apples are a big thing, they’re a big deal.
因此 苹果就变得重要起来
It’s a whole new idea,
这是一种全新的观念
and people really like it.
且人们都乐于接受它
But as the Japanese take to these apples,
但随着日本人开始喜欢这种苹果
they want to make them their own –
他们想让它属于自己
using it as a gift, using it as a dessert.
把这种苹果当作礼物或甜品
It’s almost as if they need to make it bigger,
因此他们需要让它更大
plumper, sweeter…
更饱满 更香甜
…more perfect.
也更完美
And they start to make it bigger,
他们开始尝试让苹果变得更大
and better,
更好
and juicer
更多汁
until they end up with this apple–
直到最终得到这种苹果–
The Fuji apple.
富士苹果
And within a few decades, it takes over in Japan.
短短几十年 富士苹果就称霸日本市场
Till modern day, these apples have become
直到现在 富士苹果成了
one of the most common, the most desired gifts
最常见 最受欢迎的礼物之一
to give between coworkers, family, friends.
可以送同事 家人或朋友
Constantly, apples can cost up to
一直以来 这里的苹果
30 to 50 dollars per apple here.
每个可以卖到30到50美元
And now, as modern day comes around,
如今 随着现代生活的到来
these apples are reintroduced back into America,
这些苹果被重新引入美国
after they’ve been genetically modified,
它们经过基因改良
after they’ve been changed and turned into this new, sweet, gift apple.
变成了这种新型 香甜的礼物苹果
And the Fuji apples returns to America,
富士苹果重返美国
and it is now the fourth most consumed apple in the United States
现在它是全美销量第四的苹果
This is no longer the American apple
它不再是19世纪60年代
that John Ing brought over in the 1860s.
John Ing引入的那种美国苹果了
It’s now the apple that Japan has built.
现在它是产于日本的苹果
And that’s what’s so cool to me.
在我看来 这太棒了
That’s what’s cool about our globalized world.
这就是全球化时代的好处
To me, you can take something so simple
我想 你可以带些简单的东西
as an apple,
比如苹果之类的
bring it across the planet,
把它带到其它地方
and watch how another culture defines what that means to it,
然后观察另一种文化会赋予它怎样的意义
and takes that definition and brings it back to the place it started
带着这种新定义 带它重返故土
and it starts the process again.
然后再次开始这一过程
We are sharing this culture,
我们分享文化
we are sharing this world understanding of what an apple can be.
我们分享世界对于苹果的理解
Something so simple, something so commonplace as an apple
一些如苹果般简单 平凡的东西
could be really profound.
也能产生深远的影响
So this orchard,
这个果园
which is almost a quintessential symbol of North American society,
过去几乎是北美社会的典型标志
has changed, and become a symbol of our globalized world.
现已改变 成了全球化时代的标志
And if you look over right here,
如果你环顾这里
you see a quintessentially Japanese scene.
你会看到典型的日式风景
And to me, that’s why this is such rare earth.
我认为 这就是这片土地的珍贵所在
That’s why this place is so special.
这就是这里的特别之处
It’s no longer just an orchard.
现在 这里不只是一个果园
These are no longer just apples.
这些也不只是苹果
There’s something much more profound.
有一些更深远的东西
There’s something that…
那些……
… that gives me hope for our future
能给我们的未来带来希望
that we can share,
可以让我们分享
that we can grow
让我们成长的东西
and that we can become a truly international society.
这样 我们的社会才能真正变成一个国际性社会
《世界之大》

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视频概述

红富士苹果的由来,源于美国,辗转日本,再回美国的过程。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

YXG-499c3

审核员

审核员CL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjCrqP_c7C8

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