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4种体质

The 4 Temperaments

来吧心理学
Psych2Go
人格的4种气质及其对工作的影响
The 4 Temperaments and Their Effects on the Workplace
多数情况下
More often than not,
人们看到成功人士的时候 他们想知道
when people see sucessful individuals, they often wonder:
这些人有着什么样的人格
what type of personality do these people have?
他们是生来注定成功的吗
Were they simply born to be successful?
会不会 这些人只是充分利用了已有的条件?
Is it possible that these people just made the best ofwhat they are already had?
一位希腊人 希波克拉底
One Greek man named Hippocrates
认为根据幽默感的不同
believed that people can be divided intofour distinct yet overlapped categories
人可以分成四种独特却又有共同点的类型
based on their humours
这些液体被猜测存在于人体内部 而失衡则会导致生病
which are fluides pursumed to be inside the bodyand whose unbalance can lead to illness.
同时 这也形成了气质 个性上的不同类型
These are also responsible for the different types of temperments and personality.
这个理论至今依旧流行 被用于招聘管理
This theory still remains popular todayand is used for employing management.
了解这四种气质 以及它们的影响
Knowing these four temperamentsand understanding how they work
对于你自己 同事 领导三方均有帮助
can assist with interactions between yourself,co-workers and supervisors.
此外 明确每种气质的优缺点 可以帮助
Furthermore, identifying the strengthsand weaknesses of each temperament assists
判定有能力的人在组织中会如何表现
in determining how people are capable ofperforming in a group.
下面是4种常见气质 以及其优缺点
Down below are the four most common temperaments and their advantages and disadvantages.
多血体质
SANGUINE
多血体质的主要优势在于
The main advantage of being a sanguine is the ability
拥有灵活性和适应性 以及保持镇静
to have flexibility and adaptabilitywhile maintaining composure.
他们拥有出色的交流及娱乐技巧
They have great communication and entertainment skills.
因为热情和广受欢迎 有人称他们是派对的核心
Some call them the life of the partydue to their enthusiasm and popularity.
多血体质者擅长交际 是乐观主义者
Sanguine is a very sociable and optimistic person
那使他们很讨人喜欢
that makes them very easy to like.
另一方面 多血体质者通常缺少
On the other hand a sanguine often lacks the ability
引起共鸣 以及深入理解的能力
to empathize and understand deeply.
他们无组织无纪律
They are disorganized and
可能对从事的工作漫不经心
may appear not to be serious about their work.
他们很天真 容易相信他人
They have tendencies towards being naive
会把可能抽不出时间来做的工作
and trusting others to do the work
放心地交给别人做
they might not get around to.
他们大多热衷享乐 喜欢受人追捧
They mostly enjoy having fun andbeing showered with approval.
不喜欢那些幽默感差的人
They tend to dislike people who don’t respond to humor.
胆汁体质
CHOLERIC
胆汁体质的人 天生具备领导能力
Possessing the innate ability of leadership,
习惯于顺从 且目标明确
a choleric is obedient and goal-oriented.
他们能很快作出决定
They have the ability to make quick decisions
纠正一时冲动的判断
and correct judgments which are often impulsive.
这使他们能更好地适应
These make them better suited to a field
多变的环境
where change is common.
胆汁体质者能迅速掌握自己的处境
A choleric is quick to take charge of his situation
总是保持快节奏
and they are usually fast paced
要求在工作中有一定的控制力
and require a degree of control in their work.
他们信心十足
They have a good sense of self-confidence
由衷地信仰个人成就
and a sincere belief in personal achievement,
这常常使他们短时间内能完成更多工作
which often leads to themaccomplishing more in a short amount of time.
然而 因为他们的天性
However, due to their nature,
胆汁体质者会过于颐指气使
a choleric will come across as too domineering,
独断专行 且缺乏耐心
autocratic and impatient.
他们通常难以向属下委派任务
They often have difficulties delegating tasks to subordinates.
同时 又期望他们
And at the same time expecting them
能做得和自己一样好
to produce the same quality as he does.
他们享受当下
They enjoy the presents and company of
喜欢与支持自己的人共事
people who are supportive and cooperative.
讨厌懒惰和不忠诚
They dislike laziness and disloyalty.
黏液体质
PHLEGMATIC
平静而和谐的
The calm and harmonious,
黏液体质者重视理解及和平
a phlegmatic value understanding and peace.
他们镇定自若 随遇而安
They are composed and collectedand have an even-tempered disposition
带着一丝冷幽默
with a drizzle of dry humor.
他们做决定时过分谨小慎微
They are meticulous in their decision-making
因此在快节奏的环境中常常处于劣势
which can often be a disadvantagein a fast-paced environment.
黏液体质者在团队解决问题发生冲突时
A phlegmatic is often the peacekeeper of the group
客观地扮演和事佬的角色
solving problems in conflict objectively
保持着心平气和的 放松的姿态
while maintaining an easygoing and relaxed posture.
另一方面 黏液体质者通常缺乏热情和果断
On the other hand, a phlegmatic often lacksenthusiasm energy and decisiveness.
他们不喜欢巨大转变
They dislike making major changes,
他们常常不会设立坚定的目标
oftentimes they don’t set solid goals.
他们反应较慢 避免在基本上出现问题
React slowly and avoid basing problems head-on.
黏液体质者喜欢那些
A phlegmatic likes people
量力而后行的人
who recognizes their own strengthsand initiate action and decisions.
不喜欢骄傲自满 一意孤行的人
They do not like people who are too arrogant or pushy.
忧郁体质
MELANCHOLIC
抑郁体质者以悲观著称
While melancholics are known as pessimistic
喜欢独处
and prefer solitude.
他们会同情对那些需要帮助的人
They possessed compassion for those in need.
他们精心安排 善于分析
They are meticulous organized and analytical.
他们重视每一个细节
They pay attention to every detail
会考虑每一种可能的结果
and think of every possible outcome.
他们善于制订长期目标
This makes them good atsetting an organizing long-term goals.
他们有着高标准和理想 追求完美
They have high standards and ideals that they deem perfect.
抑郁体质者在要求优质性能的同时
A melancholic understands feelings
也善解人意
while demanding quality performance.
他们常常在生活中过于严肃
Often times, a melancholic takes life too seriously.
他们过于关注细节和准备
They tend to focus too much on details and preparation.
他们坚持完美
They insist on achieving perfection.
然而 他们也喜欢与那些有知识的
However, they do enjoythe company of intellectual people
可以深入交流的人们共事
that can carry deep and sensible conversations.
他们讨厌漫不经心 拖沓懈怠
They dislike forgetfulness, tardiness,
讨厌肤浅的 以及无法预料的事
superficiality and unpredictability.
由于在单一的气质中混杂有不同程度的
Due to the varying degrees ofpositive and negative traits
积极或是消极的特质
in a single temperament,
性格的组合也很常见
a combination of temperaments is not uncommon.
快节奏的领导者常常归为多血和胆汁体质
Fast-paced leaders are oftencategorized as sanguine choleric,
决策者和顾问是黏液和抑郁体质
while decision-makers and advisorsare melancholic phlegmatic.
保持平衡是为了一个积极健康的工作环境
Its balance that makes for a happy and healthy workplace.
在你雇佣人员时
If you’re hiring people,
你得确保能平衡这些性格的人
make sure you get a balance of temperaments
以营造和睦融洽的办公室氛围
to ensure harmony in the office.
希望你们喜欢
Hope you’ve all enjoyed.
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译制信息
视频概述

各有优劣,切勿对号入座,清楚地认识自己才是最重要的

听录译者

洛洛

翻译译者

HOUKI

审核员

审核员HZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pqozuW_SA3I

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