The 4 Temperaments and Their Effects on the Workplace
More often than not,
when people see sucessful individuals, they often wonder:
what type of personality do these people have?
Were they simply born to be successful?
Is it possible that these people just made the best ofwhat they are already had?
One Greek man named Hippocrates
believed that people can be divided intofour distinct yet overlapped categories
based on their humours
which are fluides pursumed to be inside the bodyand whose unbalance can lead to illness.
同时 这也形成了气质 个性上的不同类型
These are also responsible for the different types of temperments and personality.
This theory still remains popular todayand is used for employing management.
Knowing these four temperamentsand understanding how they work
对于你自己 同事 领导三方均有帮助
can assist with interactions between yourself,co-workers and supervisors.
此外 明确每种气质的优缺点 可以帮助
Furthermore, identifying the strengthsand weaknesses of each temperament assists
in determining how people are capable ofperforming in a group.
Down below are the four most common temperaments and their advantages and disadvantages.
The main advantage of being a sanguine is the ability
to have flexibility and adaptabilitywhile maintaining composure.
They have great communication and entertainment skills.
Some call them the life of the partydue to their enthusiasm and popularity.
Sanguine is a very sociable and optimistic person
that makes them very easy to like.
On the other hand a sanguine often lacks the ability
to empathize and understand deeply.
They are disorganized and
may appear not to be serious about their work.
They have tendencies towards being naive
and trusting others to do the work
they might not get around to.
They mostly enjoy having fun andbeing showered with approval.
They tend to dislike people who don’t respond to humor.
Possessing the innate ability of leadership,
a choleric is obedient and goal-oriented.
They have the ability to make quick decisions
and correct judgments which are often impulsive.
These make them better suited to a field
where change is common.
A choleric is quick to take charge of his situation
and they are usually fast paced
and require a degree of control in their work.
They have a good sense of self-confidence
and a sincere belief in personal achievement,
which often leads to themaccomplishing more in a short amount of time.
However, due to their nature,
a choleric will come across as too domineering,
autocratic and impatient.
They often have difficulties delegating tasks to subordinates.
And at the same time expecting them
to produce the same quality as he does.
They enjoy the presents and company of
people who are supportive and cooperative.
They dislike laziness and disloyalty.
The calm and harmonious,
a phlegmatic value understanding and peace.
They are composed and collectedand have an even-tempered disposition
with a drizzle of dry humor.
They are meticulous in their decision-making
which can often be a disadvantagein a fast-paced environment.
A phlegmatic is often the peacekeeper of the group
solving problems in conflict objectively
while maintaining an easygoing and relaxed posture.
On the other hand, a phlegmatic often lacksenthusiasm energy and decisiveness.
They dislike making major changes,
oftentimes they don’t set solid goals.
React slowly and avoid basing problems head-on.
A phlegmatic likes people
who recognizes their own strengthsand initiate action and decisions.
They do not like people who are too arrogant or pushy.
While melancholics are known as pessimistic
and prefer solitude.
They possessed compassion for those in need.
They are meticulous organized and analytical.
They pay attention to every detail
and think of every possible outcome.
This makes them good atsetting an organizing long-term goals.
They have high standards and ideals that they deem perfect.
A melancholic understands feelings
while demanding quality performance.
Often times, a melancholic takes life too seriously.
They tend to focus too much on details and preparation.
They insist on achieving perfection.
However, they do enjoythe company of intellectual people
that can carry deep and sensible conversations.
They dislike forgetfulness, tardiness,
superficiality and unpredictability.
Due to the varying degrees ofpositive and negative traits
in a single temperament,
a combination of temperaments is not uncommon.
Fast-paced leaders are oftencategorized as sanguine choleric,
while decision-makers and advisorsare melancholic phlegmatic.
Its balance that makes for a happy and healthy workplace.
If you’re hiring people,
make sure you get a balance of temperaments
to ensure harmony in the office.
Hope you’ve all enjoyed.
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