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特斯拉能源——用电池驱动世界 – 译学馆
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特斯拉能源——用电池驱动世界

Tesla Energy is Getting Serious – A Battery Powered World?

您正在观看的是冷流科技频道
You’re watching ColdFusion TV.
欢迎观看新一期的冷流科技节目
Hi, welcome to another ColdFusion video.
看起来 随着替代能源技术的发展革新
It seems that things are once again moving faster
世界进步的速度一再超出预期
than the anticipated with alternative energy technology.
尽管风能和太阳能储量丰富
Wind and solar power are great,
然而一直以来 其产能仍主要用于储能
but the main issue of these forms of power generation was
以备日后使用 但这一现状被颠覆了
storing energy for later use, until now.
这个在近期霸占头条的消息归功于特斯拉能源和埃隆·马斯克
Tesla Energy and Elon Mask have been making headlines in recent weeks.
不知您是否相信 大家对这一问题的许多忧虑正被逐步解决?
Do you put in a faith that many analysis thoughts would be eased away?
就请您在本片中 随我一探究竟
In this video, we’ll take a look at what’s been going on.
就在三月上旬 特斯拉能源正式启动了
In early March, Tesla Energy turned on the switch
一套大规模太阳能发电与储能设备
for a huge solar farm and energy storage facility
用于给夏威夷群岛中的可爱岛供电
that will help power the Hawaii Island of Kauai.
目前 电动汽车生产商特斯拉
In Hawaii, the electric car maker Tesla
在夏威夷开展了一项储能计划
is powering up its plans for energy storage.
事实上 特斯拉的工业电池组正在辅助夏威夷群岛的公用设施
In fact, its industrial battery pack is now helping a utility in Hawaii,
为整个群岛生产电力
generating enough electricity for entire island.
事实表明 我们的设备白天可以直接吸收太阳能
We’re able to show that we can directly absorb solar power
并储存在电池里 在晚上再将电能放出供电
through the day into its batteries and then discharge it back at night.
并且即便是多云天气
And stablize it even though we might have clouds coming over
或者供电网并未与用户直连时
or even though it might not line up directly
该设备也可以稳定工作
with when people want to use the energy.
这可以解决岛内的供电问题
This can solve that problem.
对电影迷而言
For those of you who are into your facts,
可爱岛是《星际宝贝》电影发生的舞台
the Kauai Island is where the Lilo & Stitch movies took place,
此外 超过70部好莱坞影片均曾在此取景
and it also features in over 70 Hollywood films.
另一方面 作为大型公用太阳能供电系统
Anyway, Tesla’s farm is the first utility scale solar energy system
特斯拉的这套设备在美国还尚属首例
in the United States that can meet electricity demand even at night.
甚至可以说 这是世界上规模最大的蓄电池系统之一
It’s one of the biggest battery systems on the planet.
它由55000块太阳能电池板以及272套特斯拉研制的电池组构成
The project tests 55,000 solar panels and 272 Tesla Powerpacks.
可以提供52兆瓦时的储电量
These can provide 52 MWh of storage
并为电网提供13兆瓦的电能
and will 13 MW of power for the grid.
那为什么这套设备建在夏威夷呢?
So, why Hawaii?
尽管夏威夷阳光怡人
Apart from being a sunny location,
却并未铺设任何燃料供给管线
Hawaii has no pipeline running to it.
因此为了满足能源需求 目前成桶的燃料通过船运输送到岛上
So to get power, currently barrels of fuel have to be shipped in.
这使得岛上的油价异常高昂
This makes oil expensive for the island.
因此特斯拉提出 利用太阳能和蓄电池技术
The idea is that with solar and battery storage,
岛上的燃油需求量可以大幅下降
they’ll have to ship in less oil,
这就意味着可以节省许多油钱
meaning that they save money.
特斯拉与岛上的能源系统合作
The company encharge the island’s energy utilities
后者从特斯拉手中购买电力
who purchase power from Tesla’s farm
并以每度电13.9美分的价格售出
and set cost of 13.9 cent per kWh.
这比目前岛上的油价低得多
This is less than the current cost of oil for Hawaii.
即便如此 特斯拉也不仅仅满足于夏威夷
Tesla Energy isn’t just starting working in Hawaii though.
在南加州 它也装设了包含396节蓄电池的设备
In Southern California, 396 Tesla batteries have been installed
该设备白天从电网吸收过剩的电能
to suck up excess electricity from the grid during the day
并在电力需求量较高的时候 尤其是晚间 将电能反向供回电网
and feed it back into the grid as needed, especially at night.
你可曾想过 作为给手机充电
This battery’s to charge a phone, flash lights
给闪光灯或着其它小电器供电的电池
and run all kinds of electronic gadgets, right?
有朝一日可以给你家供电?
But how about powering up your home?
这些笨重的大箱子可能并不起眼
These large-weight boxes don’t look like much,
但南加州爱迪生电力公司表示 就是这些箱子
but Southern California Edison said that they could change
将来可能改变万千家庭的电力来源
the way home owners get their energy in the future.
这是前所未有的新技术
It’s technology that wasn’t there before,
并且我们已经规划好其应用地区
and we’re now ready to deploy it where it’s needed, locations where it works.
作为能为1500间住房供电4小时以上的庞大系统
The Tesla Battery System which can power 1,500 homes for more than 4 hours
特斯拉的这套蓄电池设备实际上是电力应急系统的一部分
was actually part of emergency response.
由于一次天然气泄漏事件 加州即将出现能源短缺
The emergency arose because it was projected that California would have energy shortages
因此需要提出电力应急系统
due to a leak at natural gas storage facility.
目前加州已有18座核电站停产或正逐步停产
In California, 18 nulear plants have been closed or phased out,
这给供电系统带来了很大压力 迫使其寻找其它供电方式
putting even more pressure on utilities to find other ways to feed the grid.
有关部门表示 建造储能设备是个行之有效的解决方案
Utility executive said that energy storage is the natural solution.
一月下旬 一座蓄电池电站就已在加州落成
The California battery plant came on line in late January.
尽管这看起来对其它地区没有什么影响
So this event may not seem like much to many people out there,
但这其实是一次先驱式的壮举
but this feat serves as a power precedent.
这一案例表明 电力系统中 蓄电池设备完全可以代替常规发电站
It shows that utilities can actually use battery systems to replace conventional power plants.
这一技术革新甚至使得领域内的专家都感到惊讶
This recent progress has even taken seasoned professionals by complete surprise.
Michael J. Picker 加州公共事业委员会主任
Michael J. Picker, president of the California Public Utilities Commission,
针对特斯拉的电力系统 他回应道
in response to the Tesla Systems, states
“我一直以为 即便到2020年 蓄电池产业的前景仍会十分有限
“I have relatively limited expectations for the battery industry before 2020.
我以为短期内蓄电池技术的发展 不会迅猛到可以并入电网使用
I thought that it was not really accelerate and begin to penetrate the electric grid
更不会因此改变世界
or transportation world for a while to come.
但技术的革新速度又一次超乎我们的想象”
Once again, technology is clearly moving faster than we can regulate.”
这一整套蓄电池系统均由特斯拉生产
The whole battery system was manufactured by Tesla,
并将在三个月内完成运输 安装及运行准备过程
shipped, installed and ready for operation in 3 months.
全部的蓄电池及冷却系统 安保系统等设备
All the batteries, cooling, safety systems and other equipment
均已装箱 并将通过卡车运输
are packed inside the casings, ready to load onto delivery trucks.
这几乎是一套完整的“即插即用”系统
It’s almost a plug-and-play system.
其中的锂电池组由特斯拉在内华达州的Gigafactory工厂生产
The Lithium battery packs come from Tesla’s Gigafactory in Nevada.
该工厂的空间足以容纳100架波音747
The factory is able to set 100 Boeing 747s,
可以说是世界上最大的建筑之一
and it is one of the biggest buildings on Earth.
很快 手握该厂的特斯拉就将成为世界上最大的电池生产商
The Gigafactory will soon also make Tesla Energy the single biggest bettery manufacturer on Earth.
这一切都是源于特斯拉的巨大规模所确保的强大的经济实力
The large economy of scale makes all the difference here.
这也就是为什么这一前所未有的壮举
It’s the reason why this kind of thing can be done now,
最终被特斯拉所达成
and hasn’t been done before.
尽管许多人认为 这些蓄电池的生产会危害环境
Many would argue that producing all of these batteries is damaging to the environment.
但自然而然 特斯拉已经考虑到这一问题
But of course, this issue has really been taken into consideration.
当这些电池退役后 特斯拉将予以回收
The batteries are recycled by Tesla once they being decommissioned.
为了尽可能提高效率 降低浪费
Right now, new batteries are built from raw materials that come in via rail,
特斯拉蓄电池的原材料均由铁路直接输送给工厂进行加工
straight into the factory for optimum efficiency and minimum waste.
换而言之 这简直就是一套生产流水线
In other words, it’s pretty much closed to a manufacturing system,
与垂直整合的生产模式同出一源
the mother of all vertical integration structures.
该技术的另一核心在于 其电池组可以适用于不同规模的要求
Another core thing about the Tesla power packs is that they’re extremely scalable.
你既可以买一套为你的企业供电
So you could buy one to power your business or
也能购置数百套来为一座岛 甚至一个国家供电
look up a few hundred to run an island or even a state.
此外 特斯拉预备将该技术拓展至全加州 全美 甚至全世界
Tesla Energy will expand operations into other areas of California, America and even overseas.
首当其冲的就是目前进行的 针对南澳洲的计划工作
One such place that’s being proposed is South Australia.
是什么原因使得特斯拉选择了南澳洲呢?
So why South Australia?
这要追溯到9月26日 因风暴摧毁电力设施
Well, in September 26, South Australia suffered a state-wide blackout
南澳洲爆发了大范围的停电
as infrastructure was damaged during a storm.
晚上好 南澳洲的停电事故已使得超过十万家庭与企业受到影响
Good evening. The cause of the blackout, which plunged more than 100,000 Southern and South Australian homes
但事故原因仍在调查中
and businesses into darkness, remains a mystery.
昨晚10点30分 停电使这里的夜晚突然陷入一片更深邃的黑暗中
Night suddenly becoming even darker at 10:30 last night,
直到几个小时前电力修复为止 十一万家庭与企业已受到停电的影响
110,000 homes and businesses were blacked out until the early hours.
交通信号灯的熄灭 使得路况异常危险
Traffic lights dangerously dimmed from above.
即便是近邻 也仿佛身处不同的城市
We were a city divided in two.
尽管我们已经迅速前往街上采购
We thought that was just fast then we looked at the street
但即便是购物中心里的商品也已被抢购一空
even in shopping center everything’s gone.
我们已经完全把握了事态
We’re now sure, exactly sure. We know what happened.
但事件的原因尚不清楚
We’re just not sure why.
尽管昨晚 从维多利亚州输送来了150兆瓦的电力
150 MW of power was being supplied from Victoria last night.
但可以想见 三月份奥古斯塔港的Alinta电站关闭时
Cocerns now just how much of impact the loss of Port Augusta’s Alinta power station
将会给当地带来多大的影响
will have when it closes by March.
此外 由于热浪来袭 而电量供不应求
Recently, there was another blackout due to a heat wave
近期该地区又爆发了一次停电事故
because there wasn’t enough power to meet demand.
埃隆·马斯克表示 只要南澳像南加州一样
Elon Mask proposed that he could fix out Australia’s power issues
加装80兆瓦时的蓄电池组 便可以解决该地区的电力问题
by installing an 80 MWh power pack, like he did in southern California.
双方签订了如下协议
The deal is as follows.
特斯拉的蓄电池系统将在一百天内解决该地区的能源问题
The energy problem will be solved to the Tesla Battery System within 100 days.
否则 特斯拉将免费提供该系统 不收取任何费用
If this doesn’t happen, South Australia gets the system for free.
马斯克对稳定能源存储技术的前景十分看好
Mask himself has a big vision for stationary energy storage.
他宣称
He states that
“在我看来 如果有哪个产业的规模能长期与汽车产业并驾齐驱
“If something I think will probably be as big as the car business long term,
其每年的增长率必将数倍于汽车产业
it will actually have a growth rate properly several times that of what the car business is per year.
而这都低估了稳定能源存储产业的发展速度
The growth in stationary storage is really underappreciated.
其增长速率甚至超过了指数级别”
It’s a super exponential growth rate.”
这听起来实在是前途无量
OK. So this all sounds well and good.
但在我们对此感到过分乐观之前
But before we get too carried away,
需要先考虑几个至关重要的问题
there are still some important questions that need to be answered.
例如 这些系统的成本到底有多大?
For example, how much exactly do these systems cost?
相关机构并未披露任何数据
No direct figures have been given.
但也可以说 无论其成本几何
There being said what ever the cost is,
随着总产量的日益提升 相对成本总会逐渐降低
it should reduce over time as production ramps up.
另外 在实际运行中 蓄电池组的最大寿命究竟能有多久
Secondly, what is the ultimate life of the battery packs in real world scenarios?
我们同样无法确定
Again, we’re not sure.
但总而言之 像特斯拉的蓄电池组这类的可持续环保电力系统
In conclusion, environmentally sustainable battery systems like Tesla’s power packs
对太阳能与风能的间歇供电问题 仍不失为一个行之有效的解决方案
are great solution to solve the intermittent nature of solar and wind energy.
尽管现在断言还有些过早 但这一想法确实很有前途
Although maybe still a little early to tell, this concept does seem promising.
储存过剩的电能 并在能量需求偏高时释放电能
Storing excess power and delivering out when needed will become
这将成为可再生能源发展过程中必不可缺的技术
an integral part of the world shift to renewable energy.
总之 通过介绍特斯拉能源在全世界建设的尖端设备
Anyway, I hope that you enjoy this video on some the cutting-edge staff
我希望您能喜欢我们这期的节目
does going on with Tesla Energy from around the world.
一般而言 事物总是处在不断的发展之中
In a general way, things really seem to be moving.
比起各方面一成不变的时代
And it’s pretty cool to living in the time
还是生活在一个充满伟大变革的时代更令人兴奋
when great shifts instead of quo can be so clearly witnessed.
感谢各位的观看
Thanks for watching, guys.
如果您为这期视频点赞 也不要忘记收藏我们的频道哦
Don’t forget to subscribe the channel if you did thumb up across it.
这里是大狗狗 您观看的是冷流科技频道
This is being Dagogo. You’ve been watching ColdFusion.
衷心希望在下期节目能与您再会
And I’ll catch you again soon for the next video.
希望您能享受我们的节目
Cheers, guys. Have a good one.
冷流科技 引领新思潮
Coldfusion, it’s new thinking.

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视频概述

近期,特斯拉蓄电池组技术的发展如火如荼,但该技术到底能否改变世界呢?

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