Chinese Arts and Craft
Luoyang, Henan province, China
This kind of artwork which integrates
sculpture, painting and pottery
has had a history of over 1,300 years.
It thrived in the Tang Dynasty.
Its glaze features three colors:yellow,
green and white.
Therefore, it is later called Tri-colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty.
Tri-color not only refers to three colors,
but many different colors.
The making of the tri-colored pottery, the same wares are usually used.
黄 绿 蓝 白 褐 黑 这些基本的颜色
The basic glaze colors of yellow, green, blue, white, auburn and black
are used in an interlaced way.
During the process of firing,
the glaze colors flow and interact with one another,
resulting in a gorgeous and colorful artistic effect.
Nanshishan Village has a long history
of producing tri-colored pottery of the Tang Dynasty.
It was at the beginning of the 20th century,
when the building of Longhai railway came near Luoyang,
lots of precious tri-colored potteries of
the Tang Dynasty were unearthed.
some people from our village,eh…
have used this repairing method
to learn the making-process of tri-colored potteries.
In the early 50s of the 20th century,
in the Nanshishan village located in the north of Luoyang, Henan, China,
most villagers have learned to replicate the tri-colored pottery.
Gao Shuiwang, who has lived in this village since his birth,
is one of the best among them.
After the reform and opening up,
I built a small kiln myself at home.
It could only hold one to two piece of tri-colored pottery horse.
During that period of time, the pottery firing actually had already failed many times.
It took me seven whole year
to finally make a tri-colored pottery horse.
It is a piece of tri-colored pottery horse that I quite satisfied with.
At the age of 17,
Gao Shuiwang had begun to learn to make tri-colored pottery of the Tang Dynasty.
After years of painstaking research and exploration,
he finally mastered the whole set of tri-colored pottery production techniques
包括塑模 上釉 烧制 晾干
including molding, glazing and firing in the kiln.
Tri-colored pottery of the Tang Dynasty actually has two major features.
First, its design is very diversified.
The second feature is that its glaze is relatively bright and colorful.
Therefore, its production process is in fact quite complicated.
The first step is usually making a mold.
Then use the mold to shape the body.
After the body is shaped,wait until it is dry.
After that it is ready for firing in the kiln.
Tri-colored glazed pottery needs firing twice.
The first one is done without glaze.
After that, it is coated with glaze.
Then it will go through the second firing in the kiln.
After the second firing, comes the finished product.
In June, 2008,
the traditional firing techniques of tri-colored pottery of the Tang Dynasty
became China’s National Intangible Cultural Heritage.
Gao Shuiwang is one of the leading inheritors of this craftsmanship.
It has been lost several times.
It is not easy to retrieve it.
My purpose is to let it to be better passed on.
Now, every week, there are pupils coming to visit
Gao Shuiwang’s tri-colored pottery museum
to learn and experience the production process.
Gao Shuiwang is often invited to
give lectures at colleges and universities.
Tri-colored pottery of the Tang Dynasty,
spanning across a thousand years,
has been lost but luckily retrieved.
Throughout its inheritance and development,
it is now marching in a new posture to the future.