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豚鼠护理常识

Taking Care Of Tiny 'Pig' Feet

Hi everyone! Welcome back to Animal Wonders!
大家好!欢迎来到Animal Wonders!
I’m Jessi,
我是主持人Jessi
and today we’re hanging out with
今天我们请来了
some of our guinea pig friends.
豚鼠小朋友
This is Caramel.
这个小家伙叫Caramel
Guinea pigs are commonly kept as pets,
大多数豚鼠都是作为宠物饲养的
which is why it’s so important to have
这就是为什么全面易懂的护理知识
plenty of information about their care,
对喂养豚鼠的主人
easily accessible to potential and current owners.
和想养豚鼠的人都很重要
These cuties can make a
这些可爱的小家伙
wonderful addition to your household,
能带给你很多快乐
but it also takes a lot of work to care for them
但是养起来很麻烦
and provide the best possible home.
想养的好更不容易
We have a great video covering what guinea pigs are,
我们有一个有关豚鼠的视频
where they originated, and general care guidelines,
详细介绍了豚鼠的起源和日常护理常识
and I highly recommend it to anyone
如果你正在养豚鼠
who currently has them as pets,
或正在考虑养一只
or is looking to get them in the future.
强烈建议你去看一看
The link is in the description below.
链接就在下方的视频描述里
Today, I want to go a little
今天我们想聊一聊
more in depth on just one part of their body,
有关豚鼠身体的一些细节
and to do that, I’d like to hand it over to my lead animal keeper,
主讲人是我们的一线饲养员
Taylor, who works closely with our guinea pig herd.
经验非常丰富的Taylor
[CHEERY INTRO MUSIC]
[愉快的轻音乐]
Thanks Jessi! Yes,
谢谢Jessi!
let’s take a closer look at these little piggies’feet!
好的 咱们就从豚鼠的小脚丫开始吧
Guinea pigs have very tiny feet,
豚鼠的脚非常的小
but they require a lot of care and attention.
但是需要仔细的打理
First let’s talk about their toes.
首先看看他们的脚趾头
Guinea pigs have four toes on their front feet,
豚鼠的前爪有四个脚趾
and three toes on their back feet,
后爪有三个脚趾
and each toe has a tiny little claw.
每个脚趾上都有很小的趾甲
When guinea pigs are young, their nails will be really small,
豚鼠小时候的趾甲非常小
and they may not need to be trimmed.
不需要修剪
But as they get older,
当他们长大之后
they will definitely need regular trims.
就必须定期修剪
Some guinea pigs will have nails that grow straight,
有的豚鼠的趾甲是直着长的
but some will have nails that start to curve or turn sideways.
也有些会弯着长 甚至长歪了
It’s really important to make sure they stay short
定期剪短趾甲非常重要
to prevent any discomfort
否则他们会不舒服
and to prevent them from curving down into their sensitive pads.
也能避免长弯的趾甲磨到肉垫
This could cause sores or even infections.
趾甲内嵌会让豚鼠疼痛甚至发生感染
When trimming nails,
在修剪趾甲的时候
make sure that you just clip the tips and avoid the quick.
要避免剪到血线 只修剪顶端
If you’re new to trimming nails
如果你没什么经验
or you’re nervous about trimming them too much,
或者害怕剪过了头
make sure to have a backup plan just in case of an accident.
一定要为可能发生的意外做好准备
This will help you feel more comfortable
只要准备充分
when you’re taking on the task.
你就可以放心的修剪了
Your backup plan is having styptic powder or corn starch
你需要准备点止血粉或者玉米淀粉
nearby in case you trim them too short.
以防剪到了血线
If they do start to bleed,
如果已经出血了
just take a pinch of that styptic powder or corn starch
捏一点止血粉或玉米淀粉
and press it firmly against the nail
敷在趾甲上之后
and hold it there for about thirty seconds.
紧紧按住30秒左右
This will help to quickly clot the blood
这样能快速的止血
and stop it from bleeding any more.
并防止持续渗血
Then, make sure they go home to a clean environment
确保豚鼠的笼子干净卫生
to prevent any germs from entering the little wound.
以免细菌进入伤口
Also, keep an eye on the toe and watch for
同时注意观察
any signs of infection such as inflammation or heat.
是否有发烧或炎症的迹象
Now let’s talk about the pads of their feet.
然后咱们聊聊肉垫
Guinea pigs do not grow any fur on the bottom of their feet,
豚鼠的脚垫上一点毛都没有
so their pads can be very sensitive.
所以会非常脆弱
Some guinea pigs will grow spurs on their front feet.
有的豚鼠前脚上会长肉刺
This is just extra skin that grows
肉刺是长在脚趾间
between their toes or on the back of their feet.
或脚掌上的多余皮肤
It’s most likely a genetic condition,
这主要是基因造成的
and it’s not due to the type of bedding
跟笼子里踏垫和垫料使用的材料
or flooring in their enclosure.
没有太大关系
However, the spurs can get caught on rough bedding,
但肉刺还是可能挂在粗糙的窝垫上
and they can tear.
有时会撕破皮
To prevent tearing, the spurs can be
用指甲刀小心的修剪肉刺
carefully trimmed using nail clippers.
能避免这种情况发生
Be careful not to trim them too far
千万不要剪的太多
because you could cause bleeding.
否则也会流血
Any cuts or injuries on the bottom of their feet
脚垫上的任何伤口
should be cleaned immediately
都需要马上彻底清洁
to prevent infections or pododermatitis.
以防伤口感染或发展成足跖炎
Pododermatitis is a condition that causes inflammation,
足跖炎可以导致炎症
sores and overgrowth of spurs on a guinea pig’s feet.
疼痛和肉刺繁增
It’s also commonly called bumblefoot.
足跖炎俗称脚皮炎
Pododermatitis is often caused by a staphylococcus bacteria
足跖炎通常是伤口感染
entering the foot through cuts or scrapes.
葡萄球菌引起的
If you notice any inflammation, sores, hair loss, or limping,
当豚鼠出现发炎 疼痛 掉毛 跛行的情况
you’ll want to contact your vet right away.
应该马上去宠物医院检查
Thankfully the bacterial infection can be treated with
好在早期的细菌感染
antibiotics if it’s caught early.
可以用抗生素治愈
If it’s left untreated,
但若没有及时干预
it could become much more serious to their health.
小病就会拖成大麻烦
To prevent pododermatitis,
为预防足咫炎
make sure that your guinea pigs
豚鼠需要精心照料
are properly housed and well cared for.
窝具是否合适也很重要
Keep their enclosures clean and dry.
要保证笼具环境干燥清洁
Wet enclosures can soften their pads or cause cracking .
潮湿会让脚垫变软 更易开裂
Also, make sure that they have soft bedding
窝具使用柔软的垫料
and smooth bottoms to their enclosures.
笼底表面要光滑
You should also avoid wire bottomed enclosures
尽量避免使用网孔笼底
because they can cut into their feet or cause sores.
网孔会卡脚 让豚鼠脚疼
Finally, make sure that they’re getting enough
确保豚鼠摄入足够的维C
vitamin C and other nutrients.
还有其他营养元素
If you have any questions or concerns
如果你在养豚鼠时有任何疑问
about the health or the nutrition of your guinea pigs,
不论是健康问题还是喂养方面的困惑
feel free to contact your vet .
都可以咨询宠物医生
Thanks Taylor!
谢谢Taylor的介绍!
I really enjoy caring for guinea pigs,
我特别喜欢豚鼠
and over the years I’ve loved seeing
养的久了我发现
how social they are.
豚鼠非常喜欢社交
It’s so important to make sure
让豚鼠保持社交活动
you keep guinea pigs in a social group
是非常重要的
of at least two, if not more.
所以最好至少两只一起养
Each one has a unique personality
每只豚鼠都有独特的个性
and fun quirks to discover.
有些豚鼠还有好玩的癖好
Sometimes the best quirks only come out
但这些癖好通常
when they’re with other guinea pigs
只在他们心情非常好
and when they’re feeling their best.
或和同伴玩耍时才会出现
So in order to keep them happy and healthy and silly,
想让豚鼠保持健康 快乐 蠢萌
make sure they have friends,
要确保他们有玩伴儿
you’re giving them proper care,
给他们贴心的照顾
and you regularly check their feet and toes.
还要定期检查脚丫
You want it? [CHOMPING SOUNDS]
想吃吗?[咀嚼声]
Yes!
好吃吧!
[LAUGHS]
[憨笑]
Thank you for joining us and learning about
感谢大家跟我们一起学习了
some very special tiny pig feet.
如何照顾豚鼠的小脚丫
If you want to go on an adventure with us every week,
期待每周都能看到新内容吗
subscribe to our YouTube channel, Animal Wonders Montana,
请点击订阅我们YouTube的频道
and we’ll see you next time!
下次再见哦

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视频概述

如何给豚鼠修剪趾甲,怎么预防足跖炎

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

綝飛

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AyD7p6oPiVA

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