Visual intelligence is the concept that we see more than we can process and it’s the
idea of thinking about what we see, taking in the information and what do we really need
to live our lives more purposefully and do our jobs more effectively.
What I ask the people at The Art of Perception to do one of them is looking down at a piece
俯视一张纸 另一位观察一幅画 在一分钟之内向同伴描述
of paper and the other is looking at the painting and they have one minute to describe what
it is that they see to their partner and the partner has to sketch what are they hear.
这实验与艺术作品无关 亦与绘画技巧高低也无关 而是实验者对
And it’s not about the artwork, it’s not about how well you draw it’s how well can you describe
a new set of unfamiliar data, how well do you listen and how well do you take that articulation
and transfer it to your own language.
Visual Intelligence Exercise Take a moment to observe Rene Magritte’s Time Transfixed.Mentally catalog the details you discover within the painting.
How many of you said there was a train coming out of a fireplace?
And everyone raises his or her hands.
And how many of you referenced smoke or steam in your discussion?
Lots of hands go up.
And then I ask the question who articulated that there are no tracks under the train?
And a few astute people actually raised their hand and said I said there were no tracks
under the train.
And then I ask who noticed and then articulated that there was no fire in the fireplace?
And hands go up.
Not too many.
Then we talk about other aspects in the painting.
How many people mentioned the wood grain on the floor?
Most people noticed the wood grain on the floor.
How many people mentioned wainscoting, that kind of paneling on the walls?
有人表示一直都有一些装潢艺术因子 哦 我知道护壁板
And I always have some decorative arts aficionados oh yes I know about wainscoting.
And then I say how many of you mentioned a mantle on the fireplace?
Lots of hands go up.
Who mentioned candlesticks?
Lots of hands go up.
And then I ask how many of you said there were no candles in the candlesticks?
And people say oh no never got there.
And then I ask what really observant nerd said it’s 12:42 or 8:05 on the clock?
Who got to mention the time?
And the reason I have that line of questioning is because this painting illustrates a very
important concept that I transfer from emergency medicine to a much broader application.
And the idea is called the pertinent negative.
It’s saying what isn’t there in addition to what is there to actually give a more accurate
picture of what you’re looking at.
So when you say I see a train coming out of the fireplace, and by the way there are no
tracks under the train and there is no fire in the fireplace, why would you attempt to
say what’s not there?
Because in my third-grade mind if you told me to draw a fireplace I would draw two sticks
and a fire and smoke in the fireplace unless you told me not to.
And if you told me to draw a pair of candlesticks I’ll draw candles with flames unless you tell
me not to.
因此 否定相关是一个绝妙的概念 它赋予我们
So the pertinent negative is this wonderful concept that gives us a broader way of looking
Instead of looking at something like this you look at it like this.
接下来 举个例子 关于如何将否定相关应用于现实
And here’s a example of how you apply that in the real world.
The pertinent negative in a medical situation is when someone comes into the emergency room
and they have all the symptoms, it appears to the physician they have all the symptoms
Pneumonia has three symptoms.
Symptom one is present, symptom two is present, but if symptom three is absent it’s the pertinent
You have to say septum three is not there therefore it’s not pneumonia.
So in the real world, outside of medicine, how can we use this?
If we have an expectation of someone’s behavior, you expect them to behave a certain way and
then they don’t，you need to say it didn’t happen.
You’re evaluating someone on the job.
Well, you did A, B, and C very well but you didn’t do D, E and F. So it’s looking at the
affirmative and looking at the negative.
And the pertinent negative is a wonderful tool.
对于人口失踪案件 你到人家家里 房中缺少了什么
Missing person’s cases you go to their homes, what’s not there?
The cell phone is not there.
The keys are not there.
The wallet is not there.
You’re going to have a very different search for that person if those things were present
instead of absent.
So this Magritte painting gives us this great opportunity to talk about not just what we
see but what we don’t see to give the person who can’t see what we see a much more accurate
description of what they’re looking at.