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在日本过冬

Surviving a Japanese Winter/日本の冬の過ごし方(暖房)

在日本过冬是有一点艰难的
Here in Japan winters are a little tough
现在,温度本身还不是那么糟
Now, the temperature itself isn’t that bad
现在是二月底,温度是40s以上
It’s the end of February now and it’s in the upper 40s
它并没有比低于冰点低很多
It doesn’t really go below freezing that much
我们也没有那么多雪
We don’t get that much snow…
至少在日本的这一部分
…at least in this part of Japan
所以,真的还不算糟,但问题是
So, that’s really not that bad, but the problem is that…
在日本大部分地区,家里没有中心供暖系统
…Japanese homes don’t have central heating for the most part
因此,当你想从寒冷的室外进入温暖的房间时
So, when you come home expecting to walk into a nice warm room after being out in the cold
这是不会发生的
It doesn’t happen
里面和外面一样冷
It’s just as cold inside as it was outside
在某种程度上,日本房屋为此建造
To some extent Japanese homes are built for this
在房子里,所有的房间之间都有门
They have doors in between all the rooms in the house
在公共区域有滑动门
For communal areas there’s sliding doors…
你能让门开着或关上它们,如果那是你想要的的话
…so you can keep them open or take them off, if that’s what you want
但通常他们一次只供一个房间的暖气
But generally they just heat one room at a time here
因此小而高效
So that’s a little more efficient
但另一方面,日本房屋本身真的是建的很糟糕
But, on the other hand, Japanese homes themselves are built really terribly
它们一点也不绝缘
They have little to no insulation…
墙像纸一样薄,前门甚至一直关不上
…the walls are paper thin, our front door doesn’t even shut all the way
即使只供一个房间的暖气,仍然是没什么效果的
So, even when you are just heating one room, it’s still really inefficient
至于这儿的供暖方法…
For heating methods here…
…我猜最正常的方法,至少美国人会用的
…I guess the most normal method for at least an American would be using…
空调的供暖功能
…the heating function on an air conditioner
但也没有管道系统,至少在日本的这部分
But again there’s not really any ductwork, at least in this part of Japan
因此,用这样的方式,你依然一次只能供一个房间的暖气
So, you’re still just heating one room at a time that way
他们还有大的煤油供暖机
They also have big kerosene heaters…
这似乎是最常见的供暖方式
…which seems like the most common way of heating
他们闻起来非常…
They smell terribly…
他们喷出各种气体、杂物
…they spew out all kinds of fumes and stuff…
你只能一直开着窗
…so you have to keep the window open…
你只能一直为房间排气,这违背了
…and you have to air out your room all the time, which kind of defeats the purpose
供暖的目的
of heating
然后在你家里某处有一团巨大的气体在那
And then of course you have a giant gas can sitting somewhere in your house…
那种对我来说不安全的气体
…which seems kind of unsafe to me
但我不知道,我想这还好吧
But I dunno, I guess that it’s fine here
然后我们有最伟大的变暖空前发明,就是kotatsu
Then we have the greatest warming invention of all time, which is the kotatsu
这个kotatsu是在它上面带着毯子的木质框架,然后
A kotatsu is a wooden frame with some blankets on top, and then…
在那之上还有一个桌面,下面有一个电加热器
…a tabletop on top of that, and underneath you have an electric heater…
因此你能坐在下面,在桌子上做你想做的事
…so you just sit underneath and you can do whatever you want on the table
它只会使你温暖
And it just warms you up
真的很舒服
And it’s really comfortable…
真的很好,它总让我昏昏欲睡
…and really nice and it always makes me sleepy
我们还有电毯,当然
And then we have electric blankets, of course
电地毯也很不错
And electric floor rugs, which are nice
当然有一大堆地板加热器
And of course tons of floor heaters
我第一次意识到日本人如何给家里供暖时
When I first realized how Japanese people heat their homes…
…我认为这真的很危险
…I thought it was really dangerous…
…我不知道很多日本人怎样才能不烧掉他们的家
…and I didn’t know how more Japanese people don’t burn down their homes
我的意思是,在美国我们不会做这些事
I mean, in America we don’t even have all these things…
…我们只有类似地板加热器,通常
…we just have like the floor heaters, usually
冬天里,人们还会烧掉他们的房子
And people still burn down their homes in the winter
例如,有无数人这么做,至少在我的城市,每年
Like, there’s tons of people who do that, at least in my city, every year
你不会真的听到这种事
And you don’t really hear about that kind of stuff here
因此,我不知道,我猜我们美国人只是更多…
So, I don’t know, I guess maybe us Americans are just more…
…发生这样的事是我们不够负责
…we’re not responsible enough to have these types of things
噢,顺便一提,我们也有燃气炉,大的那种
Oh, by the way, we have gas stoves here, too, which are great
我丈夫说他们是安全的,然而,他们让我一直很紧张
My husband says they’re safe, they always make me nervous, though
我的意思是,我试着使用他们的最后两次,我不知道怎样去做
I mean, at least the last two times I tried to use it I somehow managed…
…打开不带火焰的气体
…to turn on the gas without starting a flame
因此我们只能让气体遍布我们的厨房…这是好的
So we just has gas spreading out into our kitchen… which was great
因此,我想说我认为这其中没有一个好主意
So, I just wanna say for the record I don’t think any of this is a good idea
但是,这儿它可能是一种寒冷,尤其是如果你到处骑自行车
But yeah, it can be kind of cold here, especially if you’re riding your bike everywhere…
…如果你没车,这很正常,许多人都这样
…if you don’t have a car, which is really normal, lots of people do that
甚至于,如果外面还不太冷的话,当你骑着自行车,你
Even if it’s not that cold outside, when you’re riding your bike and you’re…
在风中前进,这真的很冷
…going into the wind and stuff it feels really cold
大多数日本人为此穿了很多层
Most Japanese people prepare for it by wearing lots of layers…
…好像有时甚至有四五层
…like, sometimes even four or five layers
如果你看起来像小日本人,那很好
And if you’re like a tiny, small Japanese person that’s fine…
…我猜你是个男人
…or I guess if you’re a guy
但如果你是个不想看起来很臃肿的女人,穿五层
But if you’re a woman who doesn’t want to look bloated by wearing five layers…
衣服,你是运气不好
…of clothes you’re kind of out of luck
你也不想冷或看起来像个蘑菇
You either have to be cold or look like a mushroom
在此之间没有多余的空间
There’s not really much space in between
但幸运的是寒冷天气的季节不会持续很长的时间
But fortunately the cold weather season doesn’t really last that long here
就像我说的二月底我们已经接近50s
Like I said it’s the end of February and we’re already getting close to the 50s…
至少在日本的这一部分
…at least in this part of Japan here
整个冬天有一个寒冷的家是世界上最糟糕的事
And even having a cold home all winter isn’t the worst thing in the world
不在这儿肯定是更好的
It’s definitely preferable to not being here at all
当然,日本整个冬天都有盛开的鲜花
And of course in Japan they still have flowers blooming all winter
这是极好的
Which is great
即使在一月,二月,十二月
Even in January, February, December
在冬天,我不习惯看到活着的生物
I’m not used to seeing living things in the winter
但你外出时总有美好的惊喜
So it’s always a nice surprise when you go out…
你身旁依然有盛开的鲜花
…and they still have flowers blooming along side of you

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WnloV_EnsVU

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