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高级冥想者非同寻常的脑电波 – 译学馆
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高级冥想者非同寻常的脑电波

Superhumans: The remarkable brain waves of high-level meditators | Top Ten 2018 | Dan Goleman

高级冥想者非凡的脑电波
The remarkable brain waves of high-level meditators
和我合著《改变的特征》一书的作者
My co-author of the book Altered Traits
——神经系统科学家理查德·戴维森
is a neuroscientist, Richard Davidson.
在威斯康星大学有一个实验室
He has a lab at the University of Wisconsin.
那是个非常大的实验室 有专用的扫描仪
It’s a very large lab, he has dedicated scanners,
他手下有百余人在那供职
he has about 100 people working there,
能做一些不同寻常的研究
and he was able to do some remarkable research
他将生活在尼泊尔 印度
where he flew Olympic level meditators—
还有法国的奥林匹克级冥想者
who live in Nepal or India, typically some in France—
带到了实验室
he flew them over to the lab
对他们进行了大脑扫描
and put them through a protocol in his brain scanners
并做了一些最先进的测试
and did state-of-the-art tests
结果令人十分震惊
and the results were just astounding.
例如 我们发现 或是说他发现
We found, for example, or he found
这些冥想者的脑电波非同寻常
that their brain waves are really different.
或许在奥林匹克级冥想者身上最大的发现
Perhaps the most remarkable findings in the Olympic level meditators
与所谓的伽马波有关
has to do with what’s called a gamma wave.
在解决一直困扰我们的问题时
All of us get gamma for a very short period
即使是烦扰了我们几个月的问题
when we solve a problem we’ve been grappling with,
我们脑中都会出现短期的伽马波
even if it’s something that’s vexed us for months.
伽马波持续大概半秒钟
We get about half second of gamma;
这是脑电图谱中最强的脑电波
it’s the strongest wave in the EEG spectrum.
在我们咬苹果
We get it when we bite into an apple
或是想象咬苹果时
or imagine biting into an apple,
就在那一瞬间
and for a brief period, a split-second,
由味道 声音 气味 视觉传来的信息
inputs from taste, sound, smell, vision,
会在想象咬苹果时聚集在一起
all of that come together in that imagined bite into the apple.
但常规脑电图中伽马波持续时间非常短
But that lasts very short period in an ordinary EEG.
令人震惊的是 这些一生中进行了
What was stunning was that the Olympic level meditators,
高达62000小时冥想的奥林匹克级冥想者
these are people who have done up to 62,000 lifetime hours of meditation,
不论他们做什么
their brainwave shows gamma very strong
他们的伽马脑电波总是很强
all the time as a lasting trait
而且也会持久
just no matter what they’re doing.
这不是一种状态效应
It’s not a state effect,
它不只是出现在他们冥想期间
it’s not during their meditation alone,
而是他们每天的思维状态
but it’s just their every day state of mind.
我们其实不知道这是什么样的体验
We actually have no idea what that means experientially.
科学从未有此发现
Science has never seen it before.
我们让这些奥林匹克级冥想者进行关于同情的冥想
We also find that in these Olympic level meditators
结果发现他们的伽马波水平
when we asked them, for example, to do a meditation on compassion,
在几秒钟内上升了700%到800%
their level of gamma jumps 700 to 800 percent in a few seconds.
这也是科学从未发现的
This has also never been seen by science.
因此我们必须假设在最高级冥想者身上看到的
So we have to assume that the special state of consciousness
独特的意识状态
that you see in the highest level meditators
很像几个世纪以前的古典冥想文献
is a lot like something described in the classical meditation literatures…
所描述的那样
literatures centuries ago,
有一种和我们常规状态
which is that there is a state of being
不一样的存在状态
which is not like our ordinary state.
这种状态有时叫做解放 启蒙或者苏醒
Sometimes it’s called liberation, enlightenment, awake,
不管怎么称呼
whatever the word may be.
我们怀疑其实并没有什么词汇
We suspect there’s really no vocabulary
能去描述那是一种什么样的状态
that captures what that might be.
和我们交谈的奥林匹克级冥想者说
The people that we’ve talked to in this Olympic level group
这种感觉很开阔
say it’s very spacious
你完全敞开自己 为即将到来的事情做好了准备
and you’re wide open, you’re prepared for whatever may come,
我们无法理解
we just don’t know.
但我们知道这很了不起
But we do know it’s quite remarkable.

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视频概述

经常冥想的人与普通人在脑电波上有何不同,让我们从实验中找到结果

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZLMdMGKIN5M

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