The remarkable brain waves of high-level meditators
My co-author of the book Altered Traits
is a neuroscientist, Richard Davidson.
He has a lab at the University of Wisconsin.
It’s a very large lab, he has dedicated scanners,
he has about 100 people working there,
and he was able to do some remarkable research
where he flew Olympic level meditators—
who live in Nepal or India, typically some in France—
he flew them over to the lab
and put them through a protocol in his brain scanners
and did state-of-the-art tests
and the results were just astounding.
例如 我们发现 或是说他发现
We found, for example, or he found
that their brain waves are really different.
Perhaps the most remarkable findings in the Olympic level meditators
has to do with what’s called a gamma wave.
All of us get gamma for a very short period
when we solve a problem we’ve been grappling with,
even if it’s something that’s vexed us for months.
We get about half second of gamma;
it’s the strongest wave in the EEG spectrum.
We get it when we bite into an apple
or imagine biting into an apple,
and for a brief period, a split-second,
由味道 声音 气味 视觉传来的信息
inputs from taste, sound, smell, vision,
all of that come together in that imagined bite into the apple.
But that lasts very short period in an ordinary EEG.
What was stunning was that the Olympic level meditators,
these are people who have done up to 62,000 lifetime hours of meditation,
their brainwave shows gamma very strong
all the time as a lasting trait
just no matter what they’re doing.
It’s not a state effect,
it’s not during their meditation alone,
but it’s just their every day state of mind.
We actually have no idea what that means experientially.
Science has never seen it before.
We also find that in these Olympic level meditators
when we asked them, for example, to do a meditation on compassion,
their level of gamma jumps 700 to 800 percent in a few seconds.
This has also never been seen by science.
So we have to assume that the special state of consciousness
that you see in the highest level meditators
is a lot like something described in the classical meditation literatures…
literatures centuries ago,
which is that there is a state of being
which is not like our ordinary state.
Sometimes it’s called liberation, enlightenment, awake,
whatever the word may be.
We suspect there’s really no vocabulary
that captures what that might be.
The people that we’ve talked to in this Olympic level group
say it’s very spacious
and you’re wide open, you’re prepared for whatever may come,
we just don’t know.
But we do know it’s quite remarkable.